Teh tarik

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Teh tarik
Teh Tarik.jpg
TypeBeverage
Place of originMalaysia
Region or stateMalay peninsula[1]
Created byIndian immigrants in the Malay peninsula[1][2]
Serving temperatureHot
Similar dishesMilk tea, including Burmese milk tea and Hong Kong-style milk tea

Teh tarik (lit.'pulled tea') is a popular hot milk tea beverage most commonly found in restaurants, outdoor stalls, mamaks and kopitiams within the Southeast Asian countries of Malaysia, Indonesia, Singapore and Thailand.[1] Its name is derived from the pouring process of "pulling" the drink during preparation. It is made from a strong brew of black tea blended with condensed milk. It is the national drink of Malaysia.[3]

Etymology[edit]

Teh tarik is formed by two languages: teh which means "tea" and tarik which means "pulled." The word "teh" for tea originates from Hokkien word 茶 for tea, the word "tarik" for pulled originates from Malay.

Origin and history[edit]

Roti prata and teh tarik at a stall in Jalan Kayu, Singapore.

The origins of teh tarik can be traced to Indian Muslim immigrants in the Malay Peninsula who set up drink stalls at the entrance of rubber plantations after World War II to serve the workers there.[1] Since colonial times, teh tarik has been a popular Malaysian Indian cuisine for many in British Malaya and Singapore. Traditionally, teh tarik has been seen served with the Roti canai which is a popular breakfast set among Malaysians and with prata among the Singaporeans.

An element of showmanship exists in the preparation of teh tarik. The ability to drag a long stream of tea above the heads of the patrons without giving them a shower is an amusing novelty for the locals and tourists alike. In Malaysia, there are occasions where teh tarik brewers gather for competitions and performances to show their skills. Teh tarik has become recognised along with nasi lemak as part of the food and beverage heritage of Malaysia by the Malaysian government ministry.[4]

Preparation[edit]

The mixture is poured back and forth repeatedly between two vessels from a height, giving it a thick frothy top. This process cools the tea to optimal drinking temperatures, thoroughly mixes the tea with the condensed milk, and improves its flavour. This is often compared to the decanting of toddy to enhance its flavour.

The term kurang manis, which can be translated to "less sweet", is a common request for those who are health conscious or not fond of sugary drinks, as teh tarik is typically prepared on the sweet side to taste by most vendors.

Variations[edit]

Two Teh-C ais drinks.
Teh-C ais Special, otherwise known as Teh-C Peng Special. A three-layered tea drink.
  • Teh ais is tea sweetened with condensed milk that is simply served in a glass with ice cubes. It may also be known as teh tarik ping or teh tarik ais with the tarik treatment.
  • Teh tarik madu is teh tarik blended with honey as part of its preparation, which is usually served cold.[5]
  • Teh halia, teh tarik flavoured with ginger.
  • Teh madras, a variant popular in Sabah and Labuan, is made with frothed milky tea layered on top of hot milk.
  • Teh-C is tea made with unsweetened evaporated milk, unlike the traditional teh tarik which is made with sweetened condensed milk. Vendors however will add sugar to Teh-C unless specifically asked not to. The Malay word for nil or zero, kosong, is used to indicate that the drinker does not want their beverage to be sweetened. The ‘C’ stands for "Carnation", a popular brand of evaporated milk. A three-layered tea variation of the drink called Teh-C Peng Special are available and sold in most kopitiams, consisting of black tea, milk and palm sugar syrup from the top to bottom layer respectively. Teh-C ais is the iced drink version of it with ice cubes.
  • Teh-O refers to black tea without any addition of dairy products or creamers entirely, hence the ‘O’ stands for "original". Like Teh-C, sugar is usually added except when Teh-O kosong is specified, where once again sugar is omitted. Teh O ais is the iced drink version of it with ice cubes.
  • Kopi tarik is local coffee, dark roasted with margarine and sugar, which is sweetened with condensed milk and pulled to froth it up. Drinks made with Milo and Nescafe may also be served with the tarik treatment by vendors which specialise in teh tarik.

In popular culture[edit]

The drink has experienced resurgent popularity as a symbol of navigating conflict. As a common drink among disparate cultural groups, organisations throughout Malaysia such as schools, nonprofits, and government have been hosting "Teh tarik sessions" in which participants identify common ground and embrace diversity.[6][7][8]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Bonny Tan (2013). "Teh tarik". Singapore: National Library Board. Retrieved 30 August 2016.
  2. ^ Su-Lyn Tan (2003). Malaysia & Singapore. Lonely Planet. pp. 158–. ISBN 978-1-74059-370-0.
  3. ^ "Lipton urges Malaysians to take pride in teh tarik, our national beverage". New Sabah Times. 7 September 2012. Archived from the original on 2 July 2014. Retrieved 6 November 2013.
  4. ^ "Lipton out to collect 55,000 support pledges to make 'teh tarik' our national drink | The Star". www.thestar.com.my. Retrieved 4 April 2021.
  5. ^ "Teh Tarik Recipe, Irresistibly Easy To Make At Home". Honest Food Talks. 1 April 2021. Retrieved 4 April 2021.
  6. ^ Stirn, Matt. "Teh tarik: Malaysia's frothy 'national drink'". www.bbc.com. Retrieved 22 January 2022.
  7. ^ "[OPEN] Teh Tarik Session: Empowering Young Minds Through Leadership". Evenesis Online Events. Retrieved 22 January 2022.
  8. ^ "Resolve differences with deputy minister over teh tarik session, Azalina tells MP". The Star. Retrieved 22 January 2022.