Tehran Museum of Contemporary Art
|موزه هنرهای معاصر تهران|
Tehran Museum of Contemporary Art, (Persian: موزه هنرهای معاصر تهران), also known as TMoCA, is among the largest art museums in Iran. It has collections of more than 3000 items that include 19th and 20th century's world-class European and American paintings, prints, drawings and sculptures. TMoCA also has one of the greatest collections of Iranian modern and contemporary art.
The museum was inaugurated by Empress Farah Pahlavi in 1977, just two years before the 1979 Revolution. TMoCA is considered to have the most valuable collections of modern Western masterpieces outside Europe and North America.
The museum was designed by Iranian architect Kamran Diba, who employed elements from traditional Persian architecture. It was built adjacent to Laleh Park, Tehran, and was inaugurated in 1977. The building itself can be regarded as an example of contemporary art, in a style of an underground New York Guggenheim Museum.:52
Most of the museum area is located underground with a circular walkway that spirals downwards with galleries branching outwards.:52 Western sculptures by artists such as Ernst, Giacometti, Magritte and Moore can be found in the museum's gardens.:52
After the Iranian Revolution in 1979, the Western art was stored away in the museums vault until 1999 when the first post-revolution exhibition was held of western art showing artists such as Hockney, Lichtenstein, Rauschenburg and Andy Warhol.:54 Now pieces of the Western art collection are shown for a few weeks every year but due to conservative nature of the Iranian establishment, most pieces will never be shown.:54
It is considered to have the most valuable collection of Western modern art outside Europe and the United States, a collection largely assembled by founding curators David Galloway and Donna Stein under the patronage of Farah Pahlavi. It is said that there is approximately £2.5 billion worth of modern art held at the museum. The museum hosts a revolving programme of exhibitions and occasionally organises exhibitions by local artists.
Future touring exhibitions include one planned for autumn 2016, Berlin, Germany, consisting of a three-month tour of sixty artworks, half Western and half Iranian while in 2017, a larger touring exhibition is planned for the Hirshhorn Museum in Washington, D.C.:52 It is hoped that revenue from these tours will allow the museum to up grade the infrastructure as well as purchase new art, something it hasn't done for over forty years.:55
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- Paul Gauguin: Still Life with Head-Shaped Vase and Japanese Woodcut
- Wassily Kandinsky
- Jackson Pollock: Mural on Indian Red Ground
- Claude Monet
- Camille Pissarro
- Vincent van Gogh: At Eternity's Gate 
- Pierre-Auguste Renoir: Gabrielle with Open Blouse
- James Ensor
- Édouard Vuillard
- André Dunoyer de Segonzac
- Jules Pascin
- André Derain: Golden Age:54
- Louis Valtat
- Georges Rouault
- Fernand Léger
- Pablo Picasso: Baboon and Young, Painter and Model
- Alberto Giacometti: Standing Woman, Walking Man 1 
- Francis Bacon: Two Figures Lying on a Bed With Attendants:54
- Max Ernst: Capricorn 
- René Magritte: The Therapeutae 
- George Grosz
- John Hoyland
- Diego Rivera
- Jasper Johns
- Andy Warhol: Suicide (Purple Jumping Man), portraits of Mick Jagger, Marilyn Monroe and Mao Zedong
- Roy Lichtenstein
- Jim Dine
- Peter Phillips
- James Rosenquist
- Fritz Winter
- Joan Miró
- Donald Judd
- Alexander Calder
- William Turnbull
- Victor Vasarely
- Adolph Gottlieb
- Richard Hamilton
- Georges Braque
- Jean-Paul Riopelle
- Edvard Munch
- Pierre Soulages
- Edgar Degas
- Mary Cassatt
- Maurice Prendergast
- František Kupka
- Max Beckmann
- James Whistler
- Edward Hopper
- Henry Moore: Two–Pieces Reclining Figure, Three–Pieces Reclining Figure,'Oval with Points
- Giorgio Morandi
- Noreen Motamed
- Giacomo Balla
- Marcel Duchamp
- Noriyuki Haraguchi: Matter and Mind
- Marino Marini: Horse and Rider
- Aydin Aghdashloo: Identity: in praise of Sandro Botticelli and other works
- Parviz Tanavoli: Sanctified 1
- Sterling Ruby
- Henry Peach Robinson: Landing the Catch
- Ansel Easton Adams: Canyon de Chelly
- Bahman Mohasses: Tryst
- Arnaldo Pomodoro
- Yaacov Agam: More than 10 oil and acrylic works
- Manouchehr Yektai
- Sohrab Sepehri
- Abbas Kiarostami
- Tehran Museum of Contemporary Art: The Crown Jewel, The Harpers Bazaar Arabia
- Iran Has Been Hiding One of the World’s Great Collections of Modern Art, Bloomberg
- Kaur, Raminder; Dave-Mukherji, Parul (2015). Arts and Aesthetics in a Globalizing World. Bloomsbury Publishing. p. 304. ISBN 9780857855473.
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- Dehghan, Saeed Kamali. “Former queen of Iran on assembling Tehran's art collection.” The Guardian. 1 August 2012: Print.
- Iran Keeps Picassos in basement. LA Times. Kim Murphy. 19 September 2007.
- "At Eternity's Gate", vggallery.com. Last Retrieved 19 October 2011.
- "Paul Gauguin". Retrieved 6 October 2015.
- Olsen, Kelly (2012-05-02). "Jackson Pollock's Splashes of Paint From Iran". WSJ. Retrieved 2015-09-27.
- Kim Murphy (19 September 2007). "Picasso is hiding in Iran". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 28 September 2015.
- Alberto Giacometti, Standing Woman, tmoca.com.
- Alberto Giacometti, Walking Man 1, tmoca.com.
- Max Ernst, Capricorn, tmoca.com.
- René Magritte, The Therapeutae, tmoca.com.
- "Masterpiece Basement". The New York Times - Breaking News, World News & Multimedia. 2007-12-02. Retrieved 2015-09-27.
- Dehghan, Saeed Kamali (2012-08-01). "Tehran exhibition reveals city's hidden Warhol and Hockney treasures". the Guardian. Retrieved 2015-09-27.
- Henry Moore, Two–Pieces Reclining Figure, tmoca.com.
- Henry Moore, Three–Pieces Reclining Figure, tmoca.com.
- Parviz Tanavoli, Sanctified 1, tmoca.com.
- Union, Ajax (2012-08-05). "Exclusive: Secret Iranian Art Collection Features Work from Iconic Israeli Artist Yaacov Agam". Algemeiner.com. Retrieved 2015-10-06.