Tehreek-e-Labbaik Pakistan

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Tehreek-e-Labbaik Pakistan
تحریک لبیک پاکستان
AmeerSaad Hussain Rizvi
FounderKhadim Hussain Rizvi
Founded1 August 2015
(6 years ago)
HeadquartersLahore, Punjab
Political positionFar-right[6][7]
Sindh Assembly
3 / 168
National Assembly
0 / 342
Punjab Assembly
0 / 371
Election symbol
Crane Machine Symbol.svg
Party flag
Tehreek-e-Labbaik Pakistan flag.svg
official website
(The website is blocked in Pakistan by Government of Pakistan but accessible in rest of the world)[8]

Tehreek-e-Labbaik Pakistan (Urdu: تحریک لبیک پاکستان, lit.'"I am present Pakistan" movement'; abbr. TLP) is a far-right Islamic extremist political party in Pakistan.[9][3][10][6] The party was founded by Khadim Hussain Rizvi in August 2015.[11][12][13] It became the fifth largest party in 2018 Pakistani general election, but failed to win any seat in National Assembly and Punjab Assembly. However, it was successful in getting 3 seats in Sindh Assembly.

Tehreek-e-Labbaik is known for its protests in opposition to any change to Pakistan's blasphemy law.[7] It demands that Sharia be established as the Islamic fundamental law in Pakistan, through a gradual legal and political process.[1][4]

Most of the party's members belong to the Barelvi movement and it secured over 2.2 million votes in 2018 elections.[14][15] Despite being banned TLP was allowed to contest the elections and secured third place in Karachi by-elections.[16] The party organized the 2021 Pakistani protests.[17]


Tehreek-e-Labbaik was founded on August 1, 2015 by Khadim Hussain Rizvi, at the Nishtar Park in Karachi.[18] Seventy-five founding members pledged allegiance to Khadim Hussain Rizvi.[18] In 2017, The Tehreek-e-Labbaik allotted the crane as its election symbol.[19]

On 23 November 2018, after approval of Federal Cabinet, provincial police carried out an operation and arrested the chief of TLP Khadim Hussain Rizvi, along with some 50 members of his party to defunct the TLP's call for a public rally in Rawalpindi's Liaquat Bagh planned for November 25, 2018, following which protests spread out and situation deteriorated. Pakistan's Federal Minister for Information and Broadcasting confirmed the arrest as a protective custody.[20][21] Along with media blackout, TLP faced social media and websites bans during the crack down.[22] The TLP leaders Khadim Hussain Rizvi, Pir Afzal Qadri, Inayat Haq Shah, Farooqul Hassan were booked on charges of sedition and terrorism.[23]

On 12 April 2021, Khadim Hussain Rizvi’s son, Saad Hussain Rizvi was arrested by police while he was coming back from a funeral prayer prior to a planned protest by the party on 20 April 2021.[24] The planned protest's motive was to pressure the Government of Pakistan to deport the French ambassador in Pakistan over the controversy of cartoons of Mohammad. Over the 3 days long protest in the country, French embassy asked its citizens to temporarily leave the country.[25]

On 14 April 2021, the party was banned, which came after violent protests that caused the deaths of 2 policemen and left 340 injured, in retaliation to the arrest of the new ameer. The interior minister stated that the Punjab government had requested for the ban and the summary after being approved from the federal cabinet resulted in the ban on TLP under the Anti-Terrorism Act 1997.[26] Tehreek-e-Labbaik was banned by the Government of Pakistan on April 15, 2021.[27]

During protests on 18 April 2021 outside the TLP office in Saddar area of Lahore near Multan Road, a police team tried removing the members, leading to clashes and eleven police officers being injured. Protesters also attacked the police station in Nawan Kot, taking 12 policemen (in some reports said to be 11) as hostages and torturing them. They were released on the next day after talks with the Government of Punjab. The protesters also stole an oil tanker. Two of the protesters were killed and 50 were injured during the violence.[28][29][30]

Attiq Ahmed, the public relations officer of Punjab Prisons said on 20 April that Saad Rizvi had been released. Lahore's Jail Superintendent Asad Warraich however said he didn't know of any such release and they had received no order to release him.[31] Interior Minister Sheikh Rasheed Ahmad later confirmed that Rizvi had not been freed. He added that the government has freed 669 out of 733 people arrested in relation to the violent protests, 30 cars had been set on fire while five looted cars had been returned by protestors, and a National Assembly session had been called to decide on expulsion of the French ambassador.[30]

TLP filed a review petition on 29 April addressed to the Interior Secretary, for the removal of the ban imposed on the party.[32] A review board of the Lahore High Court rejected extending Saad's detention on 8 July, stating the government had no evidence to keep him in custody.[33] His detention was however later extended by the government for 90 days under the Anti-Terrorism Act 1997.[34]

Minister of Information and Broadcasting Fawad Chaudhry announced on 13 July that the Government of Pakistan had decided to keep the ban on TLP in place and it will ask the Election Commission of Pakistan (ECP) to cancel the party's election symbol.[35] Despite the ban, the party can continue to take part in elections as it has not been delisted by the ECP.[36]

On 7 November 2021, Government of Pakistan lifted ban on TLP's prosribed status and rehabilitated its status back.[37][38]

2021 protests[edit]

On 12 April 2021, the Government of Pakistan arrested Rizvi in Lahore and charged under Pakistan's Anti-Terrorism Act, 1997 (ATA), which further angered protesters, causing widespread unrest.[39][40][41][42][3]

Attiq Ahmed, the public relations officer of Punjab Prisons said on 20 April that Saad Rizvi had been released. Lahore's Jail Superintendent Asad Warraich however said he didn't know of any such release and they had received no order to release him.[31] Interior Minister Sheikh Rasheed Ahmad later confirmed that Rizvi had not been freed.[30]

A review board of the Lahore High Court rejected extending Saad's detention on 8 July, stating the government had no evidence to keep him in custody.[33] His detention was however later extended by the government for 90 days under the Anti-Terrorism Act 1997.[34] A relative of Rizvi filed a petition before the Lahore High Court in September 2021, asking that the court declare the government's extension of his detention illegal and order his release.[43]

Electoral history[edit]

Sindh Assembly Elections[edit]

Election Leader Votes % Seats +/– Result
2018 Khadim Hussain Rizvi 414,701 4.83%
3 / 168
Increase 3 Opposition

National Assembly Elections[edit]

Election Leader Votes % Seats
2018 Khadim Hussain Rizvi 2,234,316 4.2%
0 / 342

Punjab Assembly Elections[edit]

Election Leader Votes % Seats
2018 Khadim Hussain Rizvi 1,888,240 5.7%
0 / 371

List of Ameers[edit]

List of Ameers of Tehreek-e-Labbaik
Order Image Ameers Year Rationale
1 Allama Khadim Hussain Rizvi.jpg Khadim Hussain Rizvi 2016–2020 First term
2 Saad Hussain Rizvi 2020–present First term

Acquittal and release of Asia Bibi[edit]

Following the acquittal of Asia Bibi (formally, Asia Noreen), a Pakistani Christian who was charged with blasphemy and kept in solitary confinement for eight years until found innocent on 31 October 2018,[44] Tehreek-e-Labbaik party members held protests across Pakistan that included "blocking roads but not damaging the infrastructure".[45][46] Muhammad Afzal Qadri, a TLP co-founder, also called for the death of the three Supreme Court justices involved in hearing Bibi's appeal, stating "The Chief Justice and two others deserve to be killed ... Either their security guards, their drivers, or their chefs should kill them."[47]

On 2 November 2018, the Government of Pakistan under the administration of Imran Khan and the Tehreek-e-Labbaik political party, which encouraged the protests against Asia Bibi, came into an agreement that barred Asia Bibi from leaving the country, in addition to releasing Tehreek-e-Labbaik protesters who were under arrest.[48][49][50][51] The deal includes expediting a motion in the court to place Asia Noreen on Pakistan's no fly list, known officially as the Exit Control List (ECL).[49] Due to pressure from Tehreek-e-Labbaik, Pakistani authorities hadn't released Asia Noreen until the "Supreme Court makes a final review of its verdict" as "Ghulam Mustafa, the lawyer representing a provincial cleric in Punjab who had filed the initial blasphemy charges against Bibi, petitioned the Supreme Court requesting that the judges review her acquittal."[52]

This agreement between the Government of Pakistan and Tehreek-e-Labbaik has led to "allegations [that] the government was capitulating to extremists".[53] Pakistani Information Minister Fawad Chaudhry responded to these allegations, saying that "We had two options: either to use force, and when you use force people can be killed. That is not something a state should do... We tried negotiations and (in) negotiations you take something and you leave something."[53] Asia Noreen's lawyer Saif-ul-Mulook called the agreement between the Government of Pakistan and the Islamists "painful", stating that "They cannot even implement an order of the country's highest court".[54] Feeling that his life was threatened, Mulook fled to Europe in order "to stay alive as I still have to fight the legal battle for Asia Bibi."[54] British Pakistani Christian Association chairman Wilson Chowdhry stated that "I am not surprised that Imran Khan's regime has caved in to extremists".[55] Jemima Goldsmith, an ex-wife of Imran Khan, similarly "said that Pakistan's government caved in to extremist demands to bar Asia Bibi from leaving the country", opining "Not the Naya Pakistan we'd hoped for. 3 days after a defiant & brave speech defending the judiciary, Pakistan's gov caves in to extremist demands to bar Asia Bibi from leaving Pak, after she was acquitted of blasphemy- effectively signing her death warrant."[56]

On 7 November 2018, Asia Bibi was released from New Jail for Women in Multan, flown to PAF Base Nur Khan, from whence she then departed the country on a charter plane, to the Netherlands.[57] Shahbaz Attari of the Islamist political party Tehreek-e-Labbaik Pakistan (TLP), upon hearing the news, said that TLP members would gather in Islamabad and Rawalpindi to try and prevent the departure of Asia Bibi to the Netherlands.[57]


Khatm e Nabuwat Bill[edit]

In October 2017, the government of Pakistan controversially changed the language in its 2017 elections bill. The Islamic Tehreek-i-Labbaik Pakistan and its leader Khadim Hussain Rizvi strongly opposed the new language, and demanded the resignation of Pakistan's Minister for Law and Justice Zahid Hamid, who had changed the law.

TLP held a large protest against the controversial amendment, stopping traffic at the Faizabad Interchange at first, which then led to further protests across the country. The party led a three-week sit-in protest that paralyzed the entire country including Pakistan's capital, Islamabad. At least six protesters were killed and 200 were injured when police unsuccessfully tried to disperse the sit-in, the protest had already spread out nationwide.[10] Minister Zahid Hamid had to finally resign.

Assassination attempt[edit]

In May 2018, Interior Minister Ahsan Iqbal was shot and wounded at a political rally in his home constituency of Narowal, in an apparent assassination attempt.[58] He was airlifted from Narowal to Lahore for surgery where he was said to be in stable condition. The attacker, later found to be linked with Tehreek-e-Labaik, was arrested from the spot.[59] TLP criticised the attack and called for a judicial inquiry, insisting that its methods were peaceful and democratic.[60]

Extrajudicial killings[edit]

In March 2019, a third year student at Bahawalpur's Government Sadiq Egerton College, Khateeb Hussain, stabbed associate professor Khalid Hameed in a fatal encounter.[61] Khateeb Hussain was in contact with Zafar Gillani, a lawyer and senior member of the TLP prior to the murder, and obtained approval for the act over Whatsapp. The supposed motive for the killing was blasphemous and insulting rhetoric towards Islam.[62][63]

In 2018, Sareer Ahmed, the principal of Islamia College in Charsadda, was murdered by a 17-year old student who he had reprimanded for missing a number of classes. According to reports circulating on media channels, the student accused the professor of engaging in "blasphemy" for reprimanding him for skipping class to attend rallies held by the TLP.[64] However, it could not be verified whether the professor has engaged in blasphemy or not.[65]

Support for blasphemy-related attacks outside Pakistan[edit]

In 2018, when the Dutch politician Geert Wilders announced that he is planning to hold a contest to draw caricatures of the Islamic prophet Muhammad, there were large protests in Pakistan against it. It was in this context that TLP leader Khadim Hussain Rizvi declared in front of media that he would order nuclear bomb strikes on the Netherlands to destroy the entire country and "wipe them off the map" just for the cartoons of a few Dutch citizens if he was given the chance to or if he became Pakistan's leader.[66] He is quoted to have said at a press conference in Karachi "If they give me the atom bomb I would remove Holland from the face of the earth before they can hold a competition of caricatures… I will wipe them off the face of this earth."[67] Eventually Geert Wilders cancelled his proposed cartoon contest citing fears of security risks.

In late October 2020, just after the killing of French schoolteacher Samuel Paty in a suburb of Paris by an 18-year old Chechen refugee, TLP published an article on their official website where they commended the killing, labelling the killer as a "Shaheed" and "Mujahid" as well as posting a photo of the bloodied severed head of Samuel Paty in the same article on which the killer initially posted to Twitter just after the killing. The post was deleted by Twitter soon afterwards.[68]

Political influence[edit]

TLP has notably held protests against actions by the government deemed unjust and against the teachings of Islam. In 2018, world renowned Princeton economist, Atif Mian was initially chosen as a member of an Economic Advisory Council formed by Pakistani Prime Minister Imran Khan to provide assistance on issues of economics and finance.[69] Since his appointment, the government faced criticism from groups opposed to government representation for religious minorities, prominently by the TLP under the guidance of Rizvi.[70] because of Atif's affiliation with the Ahmadiyya faith.[2] He was removed from the Economic Advisory Council on 7 September 2018[71] and afterwards council members Asim Ijaz Khwaja and Imran Rasul resigned in protest.[72][73][74]


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h "Tehreek E Labaik Pakistan". labbaik.pk. Archived from the original on 10 November 2017. Retrieved 10 November 2017.
  2. ^ a b "'We will not bow to extremists': Govt hits back after vicious campaign targets Atif Mian". Dawn. 4 September 2018.
  3. ^ a b c "Explained: Who are the Tehreek-e-Labbaik Pakistan, the extremist group behind the ongoing crisis in Pak?". 27 April 2021.
  4. ^ a b "NA-120: New party aims to enforce Sharia".
  5. ^ a b Hussain, Shaiq; Constable, Pamela (11 November 2017). "Large religious protests halt traffic in Islamabad and Rawalpindi". Retrieved 18 December 2017 – via www.WashingtonPost.com.
  6. ^ a b Yousaf, Farooq (27 December 2017). "Democracy between military might and the ultra-right in Pakistan". East Asia Forum. Retrieved 1 November 2018.
  7. ^ a b "Tehreek-e-Labbaik: New far right campaigns". www.aljazeera.com.
  8. ^ Ali, Imran Gabol | Shakeel Qarar | Imtiaz (14 April 2021). "Government has decided to ban TLP, says interior minister". dawn.com. Retrieved 14 April 2021.
  9. ^ Hashim, Asad. "Pakistan 'to ban' far-right religious party after deadly protests". www.aljazeera.com.
  10. ^ a b Abbas, Nosheen; Rasmussen, Sune Engel (27 November 2017). "Pakistani law minister quits after weeks of anti-blasphemy protests". The Guardian. Retrieved 1 November 2018.
  11. ^ "Tehreek Labik to hold Islamabad long march". nation.com.pk. 4 November 2017. Retrieved 10 November 2017.
  12. ^ "TLP banned: What does it mean?". www.geo.tv. Retrieved 15 April 2021.
  13. ^ "Pakistan to ban radical Islamist party Tehreek-e-Labbaik Pakistan (TLP)". ANI News. Retrieved 15 April 2021.
  14. ^ "The future of TLP in Pakistan's politics".
  15. ^ Abbas, Mazhar (11 December 2020). "Does the Tehreek-e-Labbaik have a political future without Khadim Hussain Rizvi?". Geo news. Karachi. Retrieved 27 July 2021.
  16. ^ "PPP grabs NA-249 seat, banned TLP gets more votes than PTI". The Correspondent Pakistan. Karachi. 30 April 2021. Retrieved 27 July 2021.
  17. ^ Hashim, Asad. "Pakistan temporarily blocks social media over potential protests". www.aljazeera.com. Retrieved 17 April 2021.
  18. ^ a b "Rise of the TLP". Newsline. Retrieved 8 August 2021.
  19. ^ Khan, Iftikhar A. (1 October 2017). "Election symbol allotted to Tehreek-i-Labbaik Pakistan". dawn.com. Retrieved 14 April 2021.
  20. ^ "TLP Chief Khadim Hussain Rizvi taken into 'protective custody', information minister announces". Reporters - Dawn (newspaper). 23 November 2018. Retrieved 24 November 2018.
  21. ^ Mian Abrar (23 November 2018). "Khadim Rizvi among other TLP leaders arrested". Pakistan Today. Retrieved 24 November 2018.
  22. ^ "Khadim Hussain Rizvi's Twitter account suspended". dawn.com. 4 November 2018. Retrieved 7 October 2019.
  23. ^ "TLP leader Khadim Hussain Rizvi booked under sedition, terrorism charges: information minister". dawn.com. 1 December 2018. Retrieved 14 April 2021.
  24. ^ "Police detain TLP chief Saad Hussain Rizvi over protest plan | SAMAA". Samaa TV. Retrieved 14 April 2021.
  25. ^ "French embassy advises citizens to leave Pakistan". France 24. 15 April 2021. Retrieved 15 April 2021.
  26. ^ Ali, Imran Gabol | Shakeel Qarar | Imtiaz (14 April 2021). "Government has decided to ban TLP under anti-terror law, says interior minister". dawn.com. Retrieved 14 April 2021.
  27. ^ Dawn.com (15 April 2021). "Government bans TLP under anti-terrorism law". DAWN.COM. Retrieved 8 August 2021.
  28. ^ Khan, Jahangeer Akram (19 April 2021). "Two TLP supporters killed in clash with Lahore police". Samaa TV. Retrieved 19 April 2021.
  29. ^ Gabol, Imran (18 April 2021). "11 policemen taken hostage by TLP released after first round of talks with Punjab govt: Sheikh Rashid". dawn.com. Retrieved 25 April 2021.
  30. ^ a b c "TLP chief Saad Rizvi remains under arrest under terrorism law: Rasheed". The Express Tribune. 29 April 2021. Retrieved 1 May 2021.
  31. ^ a b Gabol, Imran (20 April 2021). "Conflicting reports emerge on TLP chief Saad Rizvi's release from Lahore jail". dawn.com. Retrieved 1 May 2021.
  32. ^ "TLP files plea with interior ministry for reviewing ban". The Express Tribune. 29 April 2021. Retrieved 1 May 2021.
  33. ^ a b "Review board orders release of TLP chief". The Express Tribune. 8 July 2021. Retrieved 14 July 2021.
  34. ^ a b "Plea against Saad Rizvi's detention disposed of". Dawn. 13 July 2021. Retrieved 14 July 2021.
  35. ^ Khan, Sanaullah (13 July 2021). "Cabinet approves 15pc increment in military personnel salaries in addition to earlier 10pc raise". Dawn. Retrieved 14 July 2021.
  36. ^ Butt, Tariq (14 July 2021). "Inconsequential proscription: TLP contesting elections as it is registered with ECP". The News International. Retrieved 17 September 2021.
  37. ^ "Cabinet okays revocation of TLP's proscribed status". Dawn (newspaper). 7 November 2021. Retrieved 7 November 2021.
  38. ^ "TLP no longer proscribed outfit after govt removes name from first schedule of anti-terrorism act". Geo News. 7 November 2021. Retrieved 7 November 2021.
  39. ^ Dawn.com (15 April 2021). "Government bans TLP under anti-terrorism law". DAWN.COM. Retrieved 18 April 2021.
  40. ^ "Banned party TLP's chief Saad Rizvi placed on fourth schedule, assets frozen". www.geo.tv. Retrieved 18 April 2021.
  41. ^ "Islamist party Tehreek-e-Labbaik fuels anti-France violence in Pakistans". France 24. 17 April 2021. Retrieved 18 April 2021.
  42. ^ "Pakistan has banned TLP. What will happen next? | SAMAA". Samaa TV. Retrieved 18 April 2021.
  43. ^ "Saad Rizvi's bail plea sent to LHC CJ". Dawn. 8 September 2021. Retrieved 17 September 2021.
  44. ^ Asif Aqeel (31 October 2018). "Pakistan Frees Asia Bibi from Blasphemy Death Sentence". Christianity Today. Retrieved 31 October 2018.
  45. ^ Asad Hashim (1 November 2018). "Pakistan: Thousands protest blasphemy acquittal, ignore PM's call". Al Jazeera. Retrieved 1 November 2018.
  46. ^ "Asia Bibi′s blasphemy verdict: Islamists protest across Pakistan". Deutsche Welle. 31 October 2018. Retrieved 31 October 2018.
  47. ^ Omer Farooq Khan (1 November 2018). "Pakistani Islamists are on the boil over acquittal of Asia Bibi". Times of India. Retrieved 1 November 2018.
  48. ^ "Asia Bibi Barred From Leaving Pakistan as Imran Khan Govt Strikes Deal With Islamist Protesters". News 18. 2 November 2018. Retrieved 2 November 2018.
  49. ^ a b Farmer, Ben (2 November 2018). "Christian woman cleared of blasphemy barred from leaving Pakistan". The Telegraph. Retrieved 2 November 2018.
  50. ^ "Govt & Tehreek-e-Labbaik reach agreement to end protests". Radio Pakistan. 2 November 2018. Retrieved 2 November 2018.
  51. ^ "Pakistan Makes Concessions to Protesters in Blasphemy Case". The New York Times. 2 November 2018. Retrieved 2 November 2018.
  52. ^ "Pakistan delays release of Christian woman after blasphemy acquittal". CBN News. 2 November 2018. Retrieved 2 November 2018.
  53. ^ a b "Asia Bibi: Deal to end Pakistan protests over blasphemy case". BBC. 2 November 2018. Retrieved 2 November 2018.
  54. ^ a b "Asia Bibi: Lawyer flees Pakistan in fear of his life". BBC. 3 November 2018. Retrieved 2 November 2018.
  55. ^ Peter Stubley (3 November 2018). "Asia Bibi: Pakistan government stops Christian woman leaving country after 'caving in' to hardline Islamists". The Independent. Retrieved 2 November 2018. Under the terms of the deal made on Friday night, prime minister Imran Khan’s administration said it would begin legal proceedings to place Asia Bibi on the “exit control list” (ECL). ... “I am not surprised that Imran Khan’s regime has caved in to extremists,” said Wilson Chowdhry, chair of the British Pakistani Christian Association.
  56. ^ "Jemima says Pakistan's govt caves in to extremist demands to bar Asia Bibi from leaving". The International News. 4 November 2018. Retrieved 4 November 2018.
  57. ^ a b "Asia Bibi released from jail, to be shifted to the Netherlands". Outlook. 7 November 2018. Retrieved 7 November 2018.
  58. ^ Hashim, Asad (7 May 2018). "Ahsan Iqbal's health appears to be improving after surgery". aljazeera.com.
  59. ^ Hashim, Asad (7 May 2018). "Shooter of Pakistan's Ahsan Iqbal linked to Tehreek-e-Labbaik". aljazeera.com.
  60. ^ Kaifee, Sib (7 May 2018). "Pakistan interior minister's attacker linked to new religious party". arabnews.com.
  61. ^ Imran, Mohammad (20 March 2019). "Bahawalpur student stabs professor to death over 'anti-Islam' remarks". dawn.com.
  62. ^ "TLP leader arrested for 'forcing student to murder professor' in Bahawalpur". Daily Pakistan Global. 28 March 2019.
  63. ^ https://tlyp.org.pk/news/index.php/0302202091/
  64. ^ Sayeed, Saad (23 January 2018). "Pakistani principal shot dead by student over blasphemy dispute". Reuters – via www.reuters.com.
  65. ^ Muhammad, Faiz (23 January 2018). "Principal shot dead by student in Charsadda". dawn.com.
  66. ^ "Why is Pakistan Threatening Nuclear Attack on Holland of all the Places?". EurAsian Times. 10 July 2018. Retrieved 1 November 2020.
  67. ^ Shailaja Neelakantan. "Pakistan: Give me atom bomb, I'll wipe out Holland: Pakistan's rising Islamist politician Khadim Hussain Rizvi". Times of India. Retrieved 1 November 2020.
  68. ^ "Mujahid Abdullah Beheaded Samuel Paty for Blasphemy". Tehreek-e-Labbaik. 19 October 2020. Retrieved 1 November 2020.
  69. ^ PM Khan forms 18-member Economic Advisory Council, 1 September 2018
  70. ^ "Atif R. Mian's appointment: Moment of truth for Imran Khan". The News. 5 September 2018.
  71. ^ Chaudhry (7 September 2018). "Under pressure govt backtracks on Atif Mian's appointment; removes economist from advisory council". dawn.com. Retrieved 7 September 2018.
  72. ^ "EAC loses one more Ivy League professor after Atif Mian". The News. 7 September 2018. Retrieved 7 September 2018.
  73. ^ "Asim Ijaz Khawaja, leading international economist quits Pakistan EAC as protest". Times of Islamabad. 7 September 2018. Retrieved 8 September 2018.
  74. ^ "Imran Rasul resigns from EAC in solidarity with Atif Mian". The Express Tribune. 8 September 2018.