Epoch J2000 Equinox J2000
|Right ascension||3h 47m 17.925s|
|Declination||+24° 22′ 31.71″|
|Apparent magnitude (J)||16.215|
|Apparent magnitude (H)||15.591|
|Apparent magnitude (K)||15.096|
|Proper motion (μ)|| RA: 21.40 mas/yr |
Dec.: -42.73 mas/yr
|Parallax (π)||8.40 mas|
|Distance||400 ly |
|Mass||57 ± 15 MJup|
|Surface gravity (log g)||6.6 cgs|
|Temperature||2,584 ± 150 K|
|Age||0.12 Gyr|
This object is more massive than a planet (57 ± 15 MJ), but less massive than a star (0.0544 MSun). The radius of the brown dwarf is four times that of Jupiter. Its surface temperature is 2,600 ± 150 K, which is about half that of the Sun. Its luminosity is 0.08–0.05% of that of the Sun. Its age is only 120 million years compared to the Sun's age of 4.68 billion years.
Teide 1 is detected by Rafael Rebolo López, María R. Zapatero-Osorio and Eduardo L. Martín on optical images obtained, in January 1994, with the 0.80 meter diameter telescope (IAC-80) from the Institut d ' Canary astrophysics located at the Teide Observatory on the island of Tenerife. Its cold nature was confirmed in December 1994 with the William Herschel telescope (WHT) of the Roque de los Muchachos observatory in La Palma. It is then the coldest of the known objects. On May 22, 1995, the article reporting his discovery was submitted to the journal Nature, which published it on September 14, 1995. Meanwhile, a similar object, Calar 3, was discovered. The brown dwarf nature of Teide 1 and Calar 3 was confirmed in 1996 following spectroscopic observations with the 10-meter diameter telescope of the W. M. Keck observatory of Mauna Kea on the island of Hawaii.
Teide 1 is a brown dwarf of spectral type M8 whose luminosity (log L / L☉) is approximately -3.24 ± 0.04 dex and the effective temperature is approximately 2 584 ± 100 K. Its mass is approximately 0.052 solar mass.
It is barely 120 million years old, and its surface temperature is estimated at around 2,600 Kelvin.
- Cutri, R. M.; et al. (2003). "2MASS All-Sky Catalog of Point Sources". VizieR On-line Data Catalog. Bibcode:2003yCat.2246....0C.
- "2MASS J03471792+2422317". SIMBAD. Centre de données astronomiques de Strasbourg.
- "All Exoplanets". Exoplanet Kyoto.
- Brown dwarfs in the Pleiades cluster confirmed by the lithium test
- Mid-IR Observations of the Pleiades Brown Dwarfs Teide 1 & Calar 3 (Leech 2000)
- Rebolo, Rafael (2014), "Teide 1 and the Discovery of Brown Dwarfs", in Joergens, Viki (ed.), 50 Years of Brown Dwarfs - From Prediction to Discovery to Forefront of Research, Astrophysics and Space Science Library, 401, Springer, pp. 25–50, doi:10.1007/978-3-319-01162-2_4, ISBN 978-3-319-01162-2
- Walter Myers (1995). "Teide 1". Archived from the original on 2009-05-02.