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Great King, King of Anshan[1]
King of Persia
Reign 675–640 BC
Born ?
Died 640 BC
House Achaemenid
Father Achaemenes

Teïspes (from Greek Τεΐσπης; in Old Persian: 𐎨𐎡𐏁𐎱𐎡𐏁[2] Cišpiš)[3] ruled Anshan in 675–640 BC. He was the son of Achaemenes of Persis and an ancestor of Cyrus the Great.[4] There is evidence that Cyrus I and Ariaramnes were both his sons.[4] Cyrus I is the grandfather of Cyrus the Great, whereas Ariaramnes is great grandfather of Darius the Great.

According to 7th-century BC documents, Teispes captured the Elamite city of Anshan, speculated to have occurred after the Persians were freed from Median supremacy, and expanded his small kingdom. His kingdom was, however, a vassal state of the Neo Assyrian Empire (911–605 BC). He was succeeded by his second son, Cyrus I.[4]

Etymology of the name[edit]

Schmitt suggests that the name is probably Iranian, but its etymology is unknown. Its connection with either the name of the Mitannian and Urartu storm god Tešup-Theispas, or with the (Elamite) byname Za-iš-pi-iš-ši-ya is likely.[4]


  1. ^ Cyrus Cylinder
  2. ^ Akbarzadeh (2006), page 56
  3. ^ Kent (1384 AP), page 394
  4. ^ a b c d Schmitt, 1992


  • Akbarzadeh, D.; Yahyanezhad, A. (2006). The Behistun Inscriptions (Old Persian Texts) (in Persian). Khaneye-Farhikhtagan-e Honarhaye Sonati. ISBN 964-8499-05-5. 
  • Kent, Ronald Grubb (1384 AP). Old Persian: Grammar, Text, Glossary (in Persian). translated into Persian by S. Oryan. ISBN 964-421-045-X.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  • Schmitt, Rüdiger (1992). "ČIŠPIŠ". Encyclopaedia Iranica. 5. 
Born:  ? Died: 640 BC
Preceded by
King of Anshan Succeeded by
Cyrus I