|Lyudmila Zalimskaya, Director General|
|Services||Nuclear fuel cycle|
Techsnabexport (Tenex, also transcribed as Tekhsnabexport, Russian: ОАО «Техснабэкспорт») is a Russian nuclear fuel and nuclear fuel cycle technology exporting company. It carries out export of enriched uranium products and uranium enrichment services, produced by enterprises of the Atomenergoprom, 100% shares of which are held by State Corporation Rosatom.
The company's origin began in 1949, when at the All-Union "Tekhnoexport" working group of ten people was formed by the Soviet Union's Ministry of Foreign Trade, whose task was to organize the supply of uranium mining enterprises, built by the Soviet Union to Eastern Europe. In 1952, on the basis of the working group was created Bureau of procurement, to cooperate with the Soviet-German joint-stock company "Bismuth", Jáchymov mines in Czechoslovakia, now "Quartz" in Romania, Kuznetsk mines in Poland, Soviet-Bulgarian mining company. In 1955, during the reorganization "Tekhnoexport" Kontor in full transferred to Mashinoexport.
Expansion of the list of goods supplied and increase in scale uranium imports led to the formulation of the question of the expansion of the office and make it independent of foreign status of the organization.
July 17, 1963 the USSR Council of Ministers Decree №1477 established the export-import firm "TENEX".
In 1973 it was incorporated as a separate company under the Ministry of Foreign Trade. In 1988 it was transferred to the USSR Ministry of Medium Machine Building and subsequently to the USSR Ministry of Atomic Energy and Industry (now Rosatom). In 1994 Techsnabexport became a joint stock company.
On 19 January 2007 Russian Parliament adopted the law "On the peculiarities of the management and disposition of the property and shares of organizations using nuclear energy and on relevant changes to some legislative acts of the Russian Federation", which created Atomenergoprom - a holding company for Russian civil nuclear industry, a part of Rosatom, including Techsnabexport, the nuclear energy producer Rosenergoatom, the nuclear fuel producer and supplier TVEL, and nuclear facilities constructor Atomstroyexport.
- Konstantin B. Pushkin (1963-1964; 1980-1988)
- Sergey G. Arutuynov (1964-1973)
- Evgeniy P. Volchkov (1973-1980)
- Albert A. Shishkin (1988-1998)
- Revmir G. Frayshtut (1999-2001)
- Vladimir A. Smirnov (2002-2007)
- Aleksey A. Grigoriev (2007-2012)
- Lyudmila M. Zalimskaya (2013–present).
Brief history of entering the world market
In 1971 JSC Techsnabexport signs the first contract for the supply of uranium enrichment services with the Atomic Energy Commission of France. In 1973 the first shipment of uranium products is delivered to France followed by uranium enrichment services for Italy, Germany, Sweden and other European countries. In 1987 the first shipment of uranium enrichment services is delivered to the USA. In 1993 TENEX enters the Asia-Pacific market and signs the first long-term contract with KEPCO(Republic of Korea). In 1994 TENEX signed HEU-LEU Contract with American enrichment Corporation (USEC) in compliance with the Agreement dated as of February 18, 1993 between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the United States concerning the disposition of highly enriched uranium extracted from nuclear weapons. In the framework of this Agreement Russia supplies low-enriched uranium (LEU) produced from 500 tons of highly enriched uranium (HEU) for the needs of the US atomic energy industry. In 1995 JSC Techsnabexport expands the geographical scope of its exports by starting deliveries of low-enriched uranium to South Africa under a contract with ESKOM, an operator of the only NPP in Africa.In 1999 JSC Techsnabexport enters the Japanese market after signing its first contract with the largest private energy company TEPCO.In 2003 JSC Techsnabexport begins the deliveries of low-enriched uranium production to Mexico.In 2008 State Corporation Rosatom and the US Department of Commerce sign the Amendment to the Agreement suspending the antidumping investigation on uranium products from Russia prepared at the initiative and with direct involvement of JSC Techsnabexport. This Amendment creates a proper legal framework for commercial exports of Russian uranium products to the US market that has been beyond its reach for as long as ten years. Besides, in 2008 JSC Techsnabexport signs the contracts with the China Nuclear Energy Industry Corporation (CNEIC) for providing technical support in the construction of the 4th stage of the gas centrifuge plant in China and for supplies of uranium products for the Chinese NPP in 2010-2020. These contracts are sighed in accordance with the Protocol of 2007 to the Russian-Chinese Agreement on cooperation for construction in the People's Republic of China of a gas centrifuge uranium enrichment plant, dated as of December 18, 1992. In 2012 TENEX signs a contract with Emirates Nuclear Energy Corporation for deliveries of low-enriched uranium in 2015-2029 to meet the demand of the first in the Arab world NPP at Barakah, which is under construction.
Tenex exports enriched uranium products as well as uranium conversion and/or isotope enrichment services to 32 companies in 16 countries. Another field of TENEX's activities is development of transport and logistical infrastructure. Along with uranium products export TENEX consolidates nuclear industry assets creating new types of business and integrating industrial production enterprises essential for the stable operation of the nuclear fuel cycle facilities. Following the decision of State Corporation Rosatom these projects, along with the assets in the field of uranium mining and isotope production, were passed to other industry organizations for further development:
- Creation of JSC Engineering Centre Russian Gas Centrifuge, consolidating assets in the field of gas centrifuge design and manufacturing (transferred to JSC TVEL).
- Creation of JSC Khimpromengineering Scientific and Production Complex, which develops and manufactures carbon-fibre materials as well as elaborates innovation projects in the field of chemical fibre and carbon composite materials (transferred to the Composite holding company).
- Consolidation of Russian and foreign assets in the uranium exploration and mining sector (transferred to ARMZ Uranium Holding Co.)
- Creation of the International Uranium Enrichment Center (IUEC) in compliance with Russian-Kazakhstan government-to-government Agreement of 2007. IUEC shares are transferred to State Corporation Rosatom.
- Creation of Uranium Enrichment Center (UEC). UEC shares, owned by JSC Techsnabexport, are transferred to JSC TVEL.
- Export of isotope production manufacturing by Russian nuclear industry enterprises (transferred to JSC Isotope).
- INTERNEXCO GmbH (Frankfurt, Germany; set up in 1989)
- TENEX-Korea Co., Ltd. (Seoul, Republic of Korea; set up in 2003)
- TENEX-Japan Co. (Tokio, Japan; set up in 2005)
- Tradewill Limited, (London, UK; set up in 2009)
- TENAM Corporation (Washington, USA; set up in 2010)
- OJSC SPb IZOTOP (share ownership – 100%)
- OJSC NPK Khimpromengineering (share ownership – 52%)
- CJSC TENEX-Logistika (share ownership – 100%)
- LLC Kraun (share ownership – 99%)
Membership in international organizations
- World Nuclear Association (WNA)
- Nuclear Energy Institute (NEI)
- World Nuclear Fuel Market (WNFM)
- Japan Atomic Industry Forum (JAIF)
- Korean Atomic Industrial Forum (KAIF)
- World Nuclear Transport Institute (WNTI)
- Helmer, John (1 May 2007). "Russia gears up for uranium boom". Mineweb. Retrieved 20 August 2013.
- "Russia's nuclear equipment exporter joins nuclear energy holding". RIA Novosti. 16 August 2007. Retrieved 20 August 2013.
- "Consolidation of Russian nuclear industry continues". World Nuclear News. 7 April 2010. Retrieved 20 August 2013.