Tekkan Yosano circa 1933 to 1934
25 February 1873|
|Died||26 March 1935
Tekkan Yosano (与謝野 鉄幹 or 與謝野 鐵幹 Yosano Tekkan, 26 February 1873 – 26 March 1935) was the pen-name of Yosano Hiroshi, a Japanese author and poet active in late Meiji, Taishō, and early Shōwa period Japan. His wife was fellow author Yosano Akiko. Cabinet minister and politician Kaoru Yosano is his grandson.
Yosano was born in Kyoto as the son of Buddhist priest, and was a graduate of Keio University. After graduation, he taught Japanese language for four years at Tokuyama Girls' School, in what is now Shunan city, Yamaguchi prefecture. He was forced to quit over alleged improprieties with one of his students. At the age of 20, he moved to Tokyo. He supported himself as a staff writer for Tokyo newspapers. On 11 May 1894, he published a strongly worded article encouraging the reform of traditional Japanese poetry, or waka, to give it more originality and thus make it more popular.
In 1900, Yosano founded the literary magazine Myōjō (Bright Star), and soon collected a circle of famous poets, including Kitahara Hakushū, Yoshii Isamu and Ishikawa Takuboku. The magazine was immediately popular with young poets who shared Yosano's enthusiasm for revitalizing waka through the medium of tanka poetry. One of the earliest contributors to his magazine was a young woman named Hō Shō, better known by her pen-name (after her marriage to Yosano) Yosano Akiko.
Yosano's own works include Bokoku no on (Obligation to the Fatherland, 1894), which despite its nationalist title was a collection of literary criticism, and Tōzai namboku (East-west, north-south, 1896), an anthology of his poetry, mostly tanka, but also several shintaishi and renga.
Yosano is also one of the five authors of the essays 5 Pairs of Shoes.
- Japanese literature
- List of Japanese authors
- Yosa District, Kyoto - Tekkan's father's birthplace. The origin of Tekkan's family name Yosano.
- George Haggerty; Bonnie Zimmerman (2000). Encyclopedia of lesbian and gay histories and cultures. Taylor & Francis. p. 823. ISBN 978-0-8153-3354-8. Retrieved 29 December 2011.
- Keene, Donald 1999 Dawn to the West: A History of Japanese Literature, Volume 4, p.15. New York: Columbia University Press.
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