The main square in Telč, with the famous 16th-century houses
|• Mayor||Roman Fabeš|
|• Total||24.86 km2 (9.60 sq mi)|
|Elevation||514 m (1,686 ft)|
|• Density||210/km2 (550/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
|Official name||Historic Centre of Telč|
|Criteria||Cultural: (i), (iv)|
|Inscription||1992 (16th Session)|
|Area||36 ha (0.14 sq mi)|
|Buffer zone||296.5 ha (1.145 sq mi)|
Telč (Czech pronunciation: [tɛltʃ]; German: Teltsch) is a small town in the Jihlava District in the Vysočina Region of the Czech Republic. The town is well known for its town square, which is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
According to the local legend, the town was founded in 1099, however the first recorded mention is from 1315. The town was founded in the 13th century as a royal water fort on the crossroads of busy merchant routes between Bohemia, Moravia and Austria. The Gothic castle was built in the second half of the 14th century. At the end of the 15th century the castle fortifications were strengthened and a new gate-tower built. In the middle of the 16th century the medieval castle no longer satisfied Renaissance nobleman Zachariáš of Hradec, who had the castle altered in the Renaissance style. The ground floor was vaulted anew, the façade decorated with sgraffito, and the state apartments and living quarters received stucco ornamentation together with trompe l'oeil and chiaroscuro paintings in 1553. The counter-reformation brought the Jesuits to the town, who built the church of Name of Jesus in 1666–67, according to the plans of Domenico Orsi. The column of the Virgin and the fountain in the centre of the square date from the 18th century.
Besides the monumental 17th-century Renaissance château with an English-style park (a rebuilding of original Gothic castle), the most significant sight is the town square, a unique complex of long urban plaza with well-conserved Renaissance and Baroque houses with high gables and arcades; since 1992 all of this has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Originally parking was generally prohibited in the square, but in the 21st century parking regulations have been relaxed and the square is in danger of becoming a parking lot; as seen in the image featured in the sidebar at right entitled 'The Main Square'. By contrast, all the images in the gallery were taken earlier, mostly in the late 20th century.
- Jaroslav Palliardi (1861–1922), archaeologist
- Theodor Schaefer (1904–1969), composer and pedagogue
- Míla Doleželová (1922–1993), painter
Twin towns — sister cities
- Belp, Switzerland
- Figeac, France
- Rothenburg ob der Tauber, Germany
- Šaľa, Slovakia
- Waidhofen an der Thaya, Austria
- Wilber, Nebraska, United States
- "Population of municipalities of the Czech republic". Czech Statistical Office. Retrieved 2019-04-30.
- "Historical background". Telč. Retrieved 2019-06-12.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Telč.|
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Telč.|