Telč

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Telč
Town
The main square in Telč
The main square in Telč
Flag of Telč
Coat of arms of Telč
Telč is located in Czech Republic
Telč
Telč
Location in the Czech Republic
Coordinates: 49°11′4″N 15°28′11″E / 49.18444°N 15.46972°E / 49.18444; 15.46972Coordinates: 49°11′4″N 15°28′11″E / 49.18444°N 15.46972°E / 49.18444; 15.46972
Country Czech Republic
RegionVysočina
DistrictJihlava
First mentioned1315
Government
 • MayorRoman Fabeš
Area
 • Total24.86 km2 (9.60 sq mi)
Elevation
514 m (1,686 ft)
Population
 (2020-01-01[1])
 • Total5,273
 • Density210/km2 (550/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
588 56
Websitewww.telc.eu
Official nameHistoric Centre of Telč
CriteriaCultural: (i), (iv)
Reference621
Inscription1992 (16th Session)
Area36 ha (0.14 sq mi)
Buffer zone296.5 ha (1.145 sq mi)

Telč (Czech pronunciation: [tɛltʃ]; German: Teltsch) is a town in the Jihlava District in the Vysočina Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 5,300 inhabitants. The town is well known for its historic centre, which is protected by law as urban monument reservation and is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

History[edit]

View on Telč across the Ulický Pond

According to a local legend, the town was founded in 1099, however the first recorded mention is from 1315.[2] The town was founded in the 13th century as a royal water fort on the crossroads of busy merchant routes between Bohemia, Moravia and Austria.

The Gothic castle was built in the second half of the 14th century. At the end of the 15th century the castle fortifications were strengthened and a new gate-tower built. In the middle of the 16th century the medieval castle no longer satisfied Renaissance nobleman Zachariáš of Hradec, who had the castle altered in the Renaissance style. The ground floor was vaulted anew, the façade decorated with sgraffito, and the state apartments and living quarters received stucco ornamentation together with trompe-l'œil and chiaroscuro paintings in 1553. The counter-reformation brought the Jesuits to the town, who built the church of Name of Jesus in 1666–67, according to the plans of Domenico Orsi. The column of the Virgin and the fountain in the centre of the square date from the 18th century.

Sights[edit]

Besides the monumental 17th-century Renaissance château with an English-style park (a rebuilding of original Gothic castle), the most significant sight is the town square, a unique complex of long urban plaza with well-conserved Renaissance and Baroque houses with high gables and arcades; since 1992 all of this has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Originally parking was generally prohibited in the square, but in the 21st century parking regulations have been relaxed and the square is in danger of becoming a parking lot; as seen on the image.

The Main Square

Film location[edit]

In 1963 Vojtěch Jasný made the film The Cassandra Cat in Telč. In 1979 Werner Herzog filmed the movie Woyzeck in Telč.

Multiple Czech fairy tale movies were filmed in the Telč Castle, most known are The Proud Princess (1952) or Z pekla štěstí (1999).[3]

Notable people[edit]

Twin towns – sister cities[edit]

Telč is twinned with:[4]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Population of Municipalities – 1 January 2020". Czech Statistical Office. 2020-04-30.
  2. ^ "Historical background". Telč. Retrieved 2019-06-12.
  3. ^ "Telč: The Painted City". blog.foreigners.cz. Foreigners.cz. Retrieved 2020-09-08.
  4. ^ "Partnerská města" (in Czech). Město Telč. Retrieved 2020-10-08.

External links[edit]