Tel Aviv Port
One of the effects of the general strike of the Arabs of Mandatory Palestine at the outbreak of their 1936–39 revolt, was that the Arab port of Jaffa needed to be replaced, which led to the swift creation of an alternative port in the neighbouring Jewish town of Tel Aviv. Tel Aviv port, founded by Otzar Mif'alei Yam, could already be opened on a small scale in 1936, and was finally completed and inaugurated at its current size on February 23, 1938. However, it only stayed fully operational for less than two years, the outbreak of the Second World War putting an end to its civilian use, as the British Navy took over the facilities. After the end of the war in Europe, an attempt to reactivate the port remained unsuccessful due to the lack of shipping at the time. During the civil war between Jews and Arabs from November 1947 and until Israel's declaration of independence in May 1948, as well as in the ensuing international war in 1948, the Jewish, then Israeli forces imported a substantial amount of equipment and weapons via the Tel Aviv port. After the War of Independence, the port operated only on a partial basis and was finally closed down on October 25, 1965 when its operations moved to the newly-built Ashdod Port. After that followed a period of decay, and by the end of the century the area was used by day as a low-key shopping place for tiles and plumbing supplies, while at night it attracted prostitutes and drug addicts.
The change came with the appointment of architect Orna Angel at the helm of the Marine Trust Company that owns the port area. After completely overhauling the infrastructure by 2002, the administration attracted shop owners to move to the upgraded area by charging token rents. An open competition for the landscaping of the space around the buildings was organised in 2003, and by 2008 the new boardwalk in wavy shapes evocative of the sand dunes that once stood at this place, was opened to the public. As a result of the transformation, the Tel Aviv Port, known in short as the Namal, has become the most popular attraction in Tel Aviv with 4.3 million visitors annually. In 2011, it was announced that the site would be developed to become a major tourist site with recreational and cultural venues similar to Times Square in New York.
In 2010 the public space development project by Mayslits Kassif Architects, who transformed the space around the restored port buildings, was awarded the Rosa Barba European Landscape Prize, seen as the most prestigious European award for landscape architecture. The project was the winner of a 2003 public competition, at which it was presented by Mayslits Kassif Architects in collaboration with Galila Yavin.
- Shchori, Ilan. "Tel Aviv Port Transformation". Ministry of Tourism, Government of Israel. Retrieved 10 November 2015.
- "Namal Tel Aviv, Tel Aviv Port". Tourist Israel. Retrieved 10 November 2015.
- Aviva and Shmuel Bar-Am, At Tel Aviv Port, once the gateway into the Land of Israel, Times of Israel, December 19, 2015
- Rose Etherington, Tel Aviv Port by Mayslits Kassif Architects, in dezeen, 17 November 2008
- Landezine – Society for Promotion of Landscape Architecture, Ljubljana, Tel Aviv Port: Mayslits Kassif Architects, November 10, 2010
- Petersburg, Ofer (October 19, 2011). "Tel Aviv to get its own 'Times Square'". Ynet. Retrieved October 27, 2011.
- Landezine – Society for Promotion of Landscape Architecture, Ljubljana, Rosa Barba: International Biennial of Landscape Architecture Barcelona, October 2, 2010
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Tel Aviv Harbor.|
- Tel Aviv Port website
- Tel Aviv Port Public Space Regeneration Project / Mayslits Kassif Architects (presentation, photos, plans)