Tel Aviv Pride

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Tel Aviv Pride
Tel Aviv Gay Pride Parade 2015 (18549971060).jpg
FrequencyAnnually
Location(s)Tel Aviv
CountryIsrael
Inaugurated1979 (1979)
ParticipantsMore than 250,000 people (2019)[1]

Tel Aviv Pride (Hebrew: מצעד הגאווה בתל אביב, Arabic: فخر تل أبيب) is an annual, week-long series of events in Tel Aviv that celebrate Israel's LGBT community life, scheduled during the second week of June, as part of the international observance of Gay Pride Month. One of the events is the Tel Aviv Pride Parade.[2] As of June 2019, it is the largest LGBTQ Parade in Asia.[3]

Historical background[edit]

Gay rights in Israel have progressed drastically since the years following the British Mandate over Palestine, when homosexuality was outlawed. The clause stated that “every man who allowed another man to have intercourse with him risked up to ten years of imprisonment.”[4] In the 1960's, the Israeli Minister of Internal Affairs, Dr. Yosef Burg, described the phrase of "homosexual Jews" as an oxymoron given the biblical rejection of queer behavior.[4] This provides a framework for the negative perceptions of homosexuality amongst Israeli politicians in the past. The legal code in Israel that once outlawed homosexuality was changed on March 22, 1988, effectively decriminalizing being gay.[5]

The terms "pride" and "proud", in this context, seem to have been created in Israel, as the result of similarity of words. Since homosexuals were labeled "gay" in the United States and elsewhere, Hebrew-speaking people noticed the vocal similarity of the English word "gay" to the Hebrew word "גֵא," pronounced "ge", which means "proud". Israeli LGBTQ people soon transformed it to "proud", which evidently and understandably matched their own perceptions. Thus the labels "proud" and "Pride Parade" emerged spontaneously and became international.

Pride Parade[edit]

The first event that many consider to be the first 'Pride' event to take place in Israel was a protest in 1979 at Rabin Square. The first time that the Tel Aviv Pride Parade took place was in 1993.[6]

The parade assembles and begins at Meir Park, then travels along Bugrashov Street, Ben Yehuda Street and Ben Gurion Boulevard, and culminates in a party in Charles Clore Park on the seafront. There were 200,000 participants reported in 2016, making it one of the largest in the world.[7] The parade is the biggest pride celebration in continental Asia, drawing more than 200,000 people in 2017, approximately 30,000 of them tourists.[8] There were more than 250,000 participants reported in 2018.[9] There were more than 250,000 participants reported in 2019.[10][11] As of June 2019, it is the largest LGBTQ event in Asia. location in Israel where "gay" events were organized and also the first city in Israel to host a gay pride parade.[6]

As a part of Tel Aviv culture[edit]

Tel Aviv Pride 2010
Tel Aviv Pride 2007

In the early years of the Pride Parade, the majority of participants were politically motivated. Later on, as the Parade grew, people who took part came with the notion that the Parade should focus on LGBT rights, equality and equal representation, and should not be used as a stage for radical politics, which are not accepted by most of the Parade's participants. Gradually, the Parade came to be less political due to the scale and diversity of participation. In recent years, the Parade's reputation for inclusiveness, along with Tel Aviv's world-class status as a gay-friendly destination and a top party city,[12] has attracted more than 100,000 participants, many of them from around the world.

By 2000, the Parade had evolved from being a political demonstration and became more of a social-entertainment event and street celebration.

The eleventh Tel Aviv Pride Parade, which took place in 2008, was accompanied by the opening of the LGBT Centre in Tel Aviv. This is the first municipal gay centre in Israel, whose purpose is to provide services specifically for members of the city's LGBT community - such as health care, cultural events, meetings of different LGBT groups, a coffee shop, and many others.

During the 2009 Pride Parade, which coincided with the centennial celebration of Tel Aviv's historic establishment as a city, five same-sex couples got married in what was called "the wedding of the century" by the Israeli celebrity Gal Uchovsky.

The parade on 10 June 2011 grew to an estimated 100,000 participants and included official representatives of LGBT groups from global companies such as Google and Microsoft. (Tel Aviv boasts one of the largest concentrations of hi-tech companies of any city in the world.)[13]

In 2012, the parade attracted crowds exceeding 100,000, making it again the largest gay pride event in the Middle East and Asia. The event is advertised all around the world by the Israeli Tourism Ministry, marking the city of Tel Aviv as "the" premiere LGBT tourism destination.[14]

For 2014, with an anticipated parade attendance of 150,000, a decision was made to move the after-parade beach party from Gordon Beach to Charles Clore Park. The event was hosted by Israeli actress/supermodel Moran Attias, with performances by Dana International, Mei Feingold, and Ninet.

Criticism of the Parade[edit]

In Israel, LGBT activist groups have also criticized the Ministry of Tourism for disproportionately allocating funds to LGBT tourism as opposed to the real LGBT activist organizations.[15] In 2016, the Ministry of Tourism spent $3 million on a campaign that concluded with a press release advertising a rainbow adorned airplane that the Ministry was going to use to transport gay bloggers and journalists to Israel.[16] Meanwhile, Israeli LGBT organizations only receive one tenth of the amount budgeted for this advertisement on a yearly basis.[15] This disproportionate spending angered leaders of the LGBT organizations and caused Chen Arieli and Imri Kalman, who were the co-chairs of The Aguda – Israel's LGBT Task Force, to threaten to cancel the parade.[15][15] The parade still took place that year, but the main outcome of this threat was that the Ministry of Tourism suspended its budget to attract gay tourism and added separate items to its budget for the LGBT organizations.[17]

Support for the Parade[edit]

Proponents of the Pride Parade argue that it is an effective mechanism of integrating the LGBTQ community into Israeli society.[2] While the parade could have resulted in increased homophobia and anti-gay sentiment, it has fostered positive intergroup relationships.[2] The parade is also supported financially and logistically by the Tel Aviv City Hall. This was the outcome of consistent requests made by Aguda, Israel's LGBT Task Force, in the first five years of the parade's existence.[2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ https://www.haaretz.com/israel-news/tel-aviv-pride-parade-kicks-off-with-up-to-a-quarter-million-expected-to-attend-1.7368988
  2. ^ a b c d Kama, Amit (April 4, 2000). "From Terra Incognita to Terra Firma". Journal of Homosexuality. 38 (4): 133–162. doi:10.1300/j082v38n04_06. ISSN 0091-8369.
  3. ^ "Pride 2019: The world's 15 biggest LGBTQ celebrations, from New York to Tel Aviv". USA Today Travel. June 10, 2019. Retrieved July 8, 2019.
  4. ^ a b Lu, Nancy (June 2018). "Third Place — A Critical Examination of Israeli LGBT Advancements: Genuine Progress or Attempts at Elevated Global Status?". The Yale Review of International Studies.
  5. ^ Ben-Porat, Guy; Turner, Bryan S. (May 24, 2011). The Contradictions of Israeli Citizenship: Land, Religion and State. Taylor & Francis. ISBN 9781136727382.
  6. ^ a b Stelder, Mikki (August 20, 2017). "'From the closet into the Knesset': Zionist sexual politics and the formation of settler subjectivity". Settler Colonial Studies. 8 (4): 442–463. doi:10.1080/2201473x.2017.1361885.
  7. ^ "200,000 crowd Tel Aviv streets for annual pride parade". Times of Israel. Retrieved September 5, 2016.
  8. ^ "Over 200,000 attend Tel Aviv Gay Pride Parade, some 30,000 from abroad". The Times of Israel. June 9, 2017. Retrieved July 29, 2017.
  9. ^ "Tel Aviv pride parade draws 250,000 Israelis, foreigners". NBC News. June 8, 2018.
  10. ^ https://www.i24news.tv/fr/actu/israel/societe/1560513404-tel-aviv-plus-d-un-quart-de-million-de-participants-au-defile-de-la-gay-pride
  11. ^ https://m.jpost.com/Israel-News/Tel-Aviv-Pride-Parade-kicks-off-for-21st-time-with-theme-The-Struggle-Continues-592539
  12. ^ Zohar, Gil (June 5, 2012). "TA in world's 10 best party towns: city breaks into Lonely Planet guide". Jerusalem Post. Retrieved August 27, 2014.
  13. ^ Levy, Stephen; Matt Rees (November 9, 1998). "Focus on Technology: The Hot New Tech Cities". Newsweek.
  14. ^ JPost.com Staff (January 11, 2012). "Huldai proud of Tel Aviv winning best gay city of 2011". Jerusalem Post. Retrieved August 27, 2014.
  15. ^ a b c d Lu, Nancy (June 2018). "Third Place — A Critical Examination of Israeli LGBT Advancements: Genuine Progress or Attempts at Elevated Global Status?". The Yale Review of International Studies.
  16. ^ Gilly, Hartal (September 17, 2018). "Re-Reading Homonationalism: An Israeli Spatial Perspective". Journal of Homosexuality. 65 (10): 1391–1414. doi:10.1080/00918369.2017.1375364.
  17. ^ "Third Place — A Critical Examination of Israeli LGBT Advancements: Genuine Progress or Attempts at Elevated Global Status? | The Yale Review of International Studies". Retrieved December 6, 2018.

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