The occupational sequence at Tell Rumeida is very similar to Jerusalem. During the Early Bronze III and Middle Bronze II periods, there was a fortified city at the site. No Late Bronze Age, Iron Age I or IIA cities have been found there. Above the EBIII and MBII fortified city are 8th-century BC four room houses. Fragments of jars and burnished vessels may suggest that there was a small-scale occupation.
Prior to the Second Intifada, the Palestinian Abu Haikal family farmed their land in this area. As violence increased, however, the Israeli military interfered with & ultimately banned the family from farming.
According to Ehud Sprinzak, an Israeli counterterrorism specialist and expert in far-right Jewish groups,"a small number of very radical Jewish families" settled in the area in the mid-1980s. Settlers purposefully provoke Palestinian residents. Palestinians cannot adequately defend themselves, because the settlement is defended by an entire company of the Israeli Defense Force.
Tel Rumeida stands in close proximity to the Cave of the Patriarchs. On 25 February 1994, Baruch Goldstein, an American-Israeli physician & religious extremist who belonged to both the Jewish Defense League & the Kach party of Rabbi Meyer Kahane, entered the Cave of the Patriarchs portion reserved for the Ibrahimi Mosque with an assault rifle & opened fire on Muslims at prayer, killing 29 people & wounding 125.Survivors gained control & beat Goldstein to death.
Under Yitzhak Rabin, the Israeli government proposed closing down the illegal settlement at Tel Rumieda after the massacre. Far-right Rabbis moved to block evacuation of the settlements by issuing an Halakhic ruling to prevent the government from taking action. The collective influence of the settlers & their Rabbis persuaded Prime Minister Rabin to back down.
In 2005, violence against Palestinians in Hebron most frequently originated with the illegal settlement at Tel Rumieda. The amount of documented harassment of the Abu Haikel family alone was enough to fill a book. A Palestinian resident who refused lucrative offers for her home, has stated that settlers have used home-made napalm to poison their fields, continually burn their cars, and destroy their agricultural tools.
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- Karin Aggestam (2005). "4. TIPH: Preventing Conflict Escalation in Hebron?". In Clive Jones, Ami Pedahzur. Between Terrorism and Civil War: The Al-Aqsa Intifada. Routledge. p. 52. ISBN 0415348242.
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- "War & Irony In Hebron Hilltops". Electronic Intifada. 15 March 2007. Retrieved 24 March 2015.
- "Ehud Sprinzak, 62; Studied Israel Far Right". The New York Times. 12 November 2002.
- Ehud Sprinzak (2000). "3. Israel's Radical Right and the Countdown to the Rabin Assassination". The Assassination of Yitzhak Rabin. Stanford University Press. p. 104. ISBN 978-0804738378.
- Ehud Sprinzak, 'Israel's Radical Right and the Countdown to Rabin's Assassination,' in Yoram Peri (ed.), The Assassination of Yitzhak Rabin, Stanford University Press 2000 pp.104-.
- Hedges, Chris (1994-03-16). "That Day in Hebron -- A special report.; Soldier Fired at Crowd, Survivors of Massacre Say". The New York Times. Retrieved 2010-04-28.
- Kathleen Kern, 'As Resident Aliens: Christian Peacemaker Teams in the West Bank, 1995-2005,' Wipf and Stock Publishers, 2010 pp.25f.n.18, pp.247-8
- Michael McRay, Letters from "Apartheid Street": A Christian Peacemaker in Occupied Palestine, Wipf and Stock Publishers, 2013 p.26.
- "The Geneva Convention". BBC News. 10 December 2009. Retrieved 27 November 2010.