Telamonia dimidiata

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Two-striped jumper
Telamonia dimidiata female.jpg
Female
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Subphylum: Chelicerata
Class: Arachnida
Order: Araneae
Infraorder: Araneomorphae
Family: Salticidae
Genus: Telamonia
Species: T. dimidiata
Binomial name
Telamonia dimidiata
(Simon, 1899)[1]
Synonyms
  • Viciria dimidiata Simon, 1899
  • Phidippus pateli Tikader, 1974[2]

The two-striped jumper, or Telamonia dimidiata, is a jumping spider found in various Asian tropical rain forests, in foliage in wooded environments.

Description[edit]

Male in Kerala, India
Female in Kerala, India

Females can reach a body length of 9–11 mm (0.35–0.43 in), males can reach a length of 8–9 mm (0.31–0.35 in). The female is light yellowish, with a very white cephalus and red rings surrounding the narrow black rings round the eyes. Two longitudinal bright red stripes are present on the opisthosoma.[3] The male is very dark, with white markings, and red hairs around the eyes. They appear in Singapore, Indonesia, Pakistan, Iran, India, and Bhutan. T. dimidiata is non-venomous and produces no toxin significant to humans.

Email hoax[edit]

Since 1999, the spider has been the subject of an email hoax claiming that it was a fatal spider found lurking under toilet seats in North Florida.[4] This hoax was a rehashing of an older email circulated in 1999 with similar claims, except under the name "South American Blush Spider (arachnius gluteus [sic])" - literally "butt spider". Similar email hoaxes (with details of the original changed) occurred in other parts of the world, alleging the same falsity in the recipients' countries. Lately[when?] it has also appeared on Facebook, also including a picture of the arachnid. Posts commonly report of it being found world-round, suggesting everyone must take precautions.[5] No such events appear to have occurred, and the story is considered an urban legend.[6][7][8] The false rumor has since spread to websites such as Twitter, Facebook and Tumblr in 2012.

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ "Taxon details Telamonia dimidiata (Simon, 1899)", World Spider Catalog, Natural History Museum Bern, retrieved 2017-02-27 
  2. ^ Tikader, B. K. (1974). "Studies on some jumping spiders of the genus Phidippus from India (family-Salticidae)". Proceedings of the Indian Academy Of Science). 79 B: 120–126. 
  3. ^ Murphy & Murphy 2000:300
  4. ^ "Hoax Slayer website". October 2010. Retrieved 28 September 2010. 
  5. ^ "New poisonous spider in the United States". facebook.com. Retrieved 2012-10-21. 
  6. ^ "UCR Spiders Site: Internet Hoax". Spiders.ucr.edu. 2009-08-03. Retrieved 2011-11-22. 
  7. ^ "Spider Myths: Pulsating cactus". Washington.edu. 2010-09-01. Retrieved 2011-11-22. 
  8. ^ Snopes: Urban Legends Reference Pages: Two-Striped Telamonia Spider. Retrieved 2007-FEB-25.

References[edit]

  • Murphy, Frances; Murphy, John (2000). An Introduction to the Spiders of South East Asia. Kuala Lumpur: Malaysian Nature Society. ISBN 978-9839681178. 

External links[edit]