Telecommunications in Bhutan
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Telecommunications in Bhutan includes telephones, radio, television, and the Internet.
See also: Telephone numbers in Bhutan
- Main lines: 27,900 lines in use, 179th in the world (2012).
- Mobile cellular: 560,000 lines, 165th in the world (2012).
- Telephone system:
- general assessment: Urban towns and district headquarters have telecommunications services (2012);
- domestic: very low tele-density, domestic service is poor especially in rural areas, mobile cellular service available since 2003 is now widely available (2012);
- international: international telephone and telegraph service via landline and microwave relay through India (2012);
- satellite earth station: 1 Intelsat (2012).
- Country codes: Bhutan +975, Phuentsholing (0)1, Thimphu (0)2, Bumthang (0)3, Paro (0)8.
Radio and television
- First radio station, Radio NYAB, privately launched in 1973, is now state-owned (2012).
- Five private radio stations are currently broadcasting (2012).
- Radios: 37,000 (1997).
- The Bhutan Broadcasting Service first commenced television transmissions in June 1999, upon legalizing television, one of the last countries in the world to do so.
- Cable TV service offers dozens of Indian and other international channels (2012).
- Televisions: 11,000 (1999).
- Top level domain: .bt
- Internet hosts: 14,590 hosts, 126th in the world (2012).
- IPv4: 23,552 addresses allocated, 32.9 per 1000 people (2012).
- Internet users: 182,338 users, 155th in the world; 25.4% of the population, 137th in the world (2012).
- Fixed broadband: 16,015 subscriptions, 135th in the world; 2.2% of population, 124th in the world (2012).
- Mobile broadband: 17,851 subscriptions, 133rd in the world; 2.5% of population, 122nd in the world (2012).
- Internet Service Providers: Bhutan's main and only ISP is Druknet, owned by Bhutan Telecom. It provides a dial-up service, at a reasonable cost.
- Internet cafes: Located in most large towns.
- Censorship on the Internet
- Radio Waves, a radio station in located in Thimphu, Bhutan. Formed in December 2010, it is currently run by Kelzang Thinley and broadcasts in Dzongkha and English.
- "Communications", Bhutan, World Factbook, U.S. Central Intelligence Agency, 5 December 2013. Retrieved 25 December 2013.
- Select Formats, Country IP Blocks. Accessed on 2 April 2012. Note: Site is said to be updated daily.
- Population, The World Factbook, United States Central Intelligence Agency. Accessed on 2 April 2012. Note: Data are mostly for 1 July 2012.
- "Percentage of Individuals using the Internet 2000-2012", International Telecommunications Union (Geneva), June 2013, retrieved 22 June 2013
- Calculated using penetration rate and population data from "Countries and Areas Ranked by Population: 2012", Population data, International Programs, U.S. Census Bureau, retrieved 26 June 2013
- "Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions per 100 inhabitants 2012", Dynamic Report, ITU ITC EYE, International Telecommunication Union. Retrieved on 29 June 2013.
- "Active mobile-broadband subscriptions per 100 inhabitants 2012", Dynamic Report, ITU ITC EYE, International Telecommunication Union. Retrieved on 29 June 2013.
- nic.bt, Bhutan Network Information Center.
- www.bbs.bt, Bhutan Broadcasting Service.
- Wireless Voice/Data Communication in Remote Bhutan