Telecommunications in Gabon
Telecommunications in Gabon include radio, television, fixed and mobile telephones, and the Internet.
Radio and television
- state owns and operates 2 radio stations; a private radio station; transmissions of at least 2 international broadcasters are accessible (2007);
- 6 AM, 7 FM, and 4 shortwave stations (2001).
- state owns and operates 2 TV stations; a private TV station; satellite service subscriptions are available (2007);
- 4 stations plus 4 low-power repeaters (2001).
There are two main broadcasters in Gabon. The state broadcaster, Radiodiffusion Télévision Gabonaise (RTG), operates two main networks - a national network in French and a provincial network in French and vernacular languages. There is also a special programme on RTG's FM frequencies.
Perhaps the most important station in Gabon and one that many shortwave radio listeners are familiar with is the privately owned Afrique Numero Un (Africa Number One) which operates on FM in the capital, Libreville, area and also broadcasts via shortwave. Afrique Numero Un also has relay stations in mostly French-speaking African countries.
The constitution and law provide for freedom of speech and press, and the government generally respects these rights, although the government has suspended newspapers and television stations for disrupting public order or libel.
- 17,000 lines in use, 194th in the world (2012);
- 26,500 lines in use, 182nd in the world (2007);
- 39,100 lines in use, 169th in the world (2005).
- 2.9 million lines, 133rd in the world (2012);
- 1.2 million lines, 129th in the world (2007);
- 649,800 lines, 125th in the world (2005).
Telephone system: adequate system of cable, microwave radio relay, tropospheric scatter, radiotelephone communication stations, and a domestic satellite system with 12 earth stations; a growing mobile-cellular network with multiple providers is making telephone service more widely available with mobile-cellular teledensity exceeding 100 per 100 persons.
Communications cables: South Atlantic 3/West Africa Submarine Cable (SAT-3/WASC) fiber-optic cable system provides connectivity to Europe and Asia; Africa Coast to Europe (ACE), cable system connecting countries along the west coast of Africa to each other and to Portugal and France.
- 1,435,207 users, 84% of the population (2016)
- 1,203,779 users, 71% of the population (2015)
- 1,009,719 users, 59% of the population (2014), major increase due to mobile 3G/4G introduction.
- 138,584 users, 166th in the world; 8.6% of the population, 175th in the world (2012).
- 98,800 users, 160th in the world (2009);
- 67,000 users, 144th in the world (2005).
In 2013, Government signs with the World Bank to develop the Central African Backbone. Over 1200 km of fiber optic is deployed around the country. In 2017, over 20 cities and villages are serviced by this new network operated by Axione (Bouygues french company). 70% of the gabonese population can access mobile broadband services.
Introducing 3G/4G licences in 2014
Through his leadership of the Gabonese Republic, President Ali Bongo Ondimba has led his nation to receive much international recognition for its commitment to progress in the field of ICTs in the Central and Francophone Africa region as well as on the African continent.
President Ali Bongo Ondimba has stressed the necessity of establishing infrastructure, access to ICTs, as well as ameliorating broadband connections in both the public and private sectors, especially within households. President Ondimba has affirmed his position on the importance of ICTs in the development of Gabon, stating during the 2011 Broadband Leadership Summit at ITU Telecom World in Geneva that he promised to make high-speed Internet access an irrevocable right for all Gabonese citizens.
Internet censorship and surveillance
The constitution and law provide for freedom of speech and press, and the government generally respects these rights. Libel can be either a criminal offense or a civil matter. Editors and authors of libelous material may be jailed for two to six months and fined 500,000 to five million CFA francs ($1,008 to $10,080). Penalties for libel, disrupting public order, and other offenses also include a one- to three-month publishing suspension for a first offense and a three- to six-month suspension for repeat offenses.
Although the constitution and law prohibit arbitrary interference with privacy, family, home, or correspondence, the government does not always respect these prohibitions in practice. As part of criminal investigations, police request and easily obtain search warrants from judges, sometimes after the fact. Authorities reportedly monitor private telephone conversations, personal mail, and the movement of citizens.
- Gabon Telecom, largest telecommunications company in Gabon, jointly owned by the Gabon government (49%) and Maroc Telecom (51%) since 2007.
- List of terrestrial fibre optic cable projects in Africa
- Media of Gabon
- Economy of Gabon
- This article incorporates public domain material from the CIA World Factbook website https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/index.html.
- This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the United States Department of State.
- "Communications: Gabon", World Factbook, U.S. Central Intelligence Agency, 28 January 2014.
- "Communications: Gabon", World Factbook, U.S. Central Intelligence Agency, 4 December 2008. Retrieved 11 February 2014 via the Internet Archive.
- World Radio TV Handbook (WRTH), 2005.
- "Gabon profile", BBC News, 7 March 2012. Retrieved 11 February 2014.
- "Radio Africa 1", website. Retrieved 10 February 2014.
- "Gabon", Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 2012, Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights and Labor, U.S. Department of State, 25 March 2013. Retrieved 11 February 2014.
- Dialing Procedures (International Prefix, National (Trunk) Prefix and National (Significant) Number) (in Accordance with ITY-T Recommendation E.164 (11/2010)), Annex to ITU Operational Bulletin No. 994-15.XII.2011, International Telecommunication Union (ITU, Geneva), 15 December 2011. Retrieved 2 January 2014.
- "Communications: Gabon", World Factbook, U.S. Central Intelligence Agency, 19 June 2007. Retrieved 11 February 2014 via the Internet Archive.
- "ACE: Africa Coast to Europe", Orange SA. Retrieved 8 February 2014.
- Calculated using penetration rate and population data from "Countries and Areas Ranked by Population: 2012", Population data, International Programs, U.S. Census Bureau, retrieved 26 June 2013
- "Percentage of Individuals using the Internet 2000-2012", International Telecommunications Union (Geneva), June 2013, retrieved 22 June 2013
- Africtelegraph (2016-06-20). "Au Gabon, la fibre avance! - Africtelegraph - Toute l'actualité africaine". Africtelegraph - Toute l'actualité africaine (in French). Retrieved 2017-05-05.
- "Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions per 100 inhabitants 2012", Dynamic Report, ITU ITC EYE, International Telecommunication Union. Retrieved on 29 June 2013.
- "Active mobile-broadband subscriptions per 100 inhabitants 2012", Dynamic Report, ITU ITC EYE, International Telecommunication Union. Retrieved on 29 June 2013.
- Select Formats, Country IP Blocks. Accessed on 2 April 2012. Note: Site is said to be updated daily.
- Population, The World Factbook, United States Central Intelligence Agency. Accessed on 2 April 2012. Note: Data are mostly for 1 July 2012.
- "Gabon". ITU. Retrieved 2017-05-05.
- My GA, website of the Agence Nationale des Infrastructures Numériques et des Fréquences (ANINF, National Agency for Digital Infrastructure and Frequencies), the registrar for the .ga domain.