Telecommunications in Malaysia

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The primary regulator of telecommunications in Malaysia is the Malaysian Communications and Multimedia Commission (MCMC). It issues licenses under the Communications and Multimedia Act 1998, the Postal Services Act 2012 and the Digital Signature Act 1997.

Telephones system[edit]

Number of fixed-telephone subscriptions: 6.474 million as at 4Q 2019[1]

Number of Direct Exchange Line (DEL) subscriptions: 2.199 million as at 4Q 2019[2]

Telephone system[edit]


  • Communication connectivity in Peninsular Malaysia is covered by both fixed and wireless infrastructure such as fibre network, Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL) network, mobile base stations, earth stations and microwave link stations
  • Communication connectivity in East Malaysia mainly provided by the coverage of fibre network, ADSL network, earth stations, mobile base station and microwave link stations
  • Intercity communication service (backhaul) provided in Peninsular and East Malaysia is mainly by fibre optic connections and fixed wireless systems (microwave links). In addition, there are also deployment of Very Small Aperture Terminal (VSAT) for service provisioning in rural areas
  • Major telecommunication operators in Malaysia include Celcom, Digi, Maxis, U Mobile, Telekom Malaysia and Time dotCom


  • Connectivity via submarine cables to Tier 1 networks[3] that can reach every other network on the Internet solely via settlement-free interconnection
  • Major submarine cable providers in Malaysia are Telekom Malaysia and Time dotCom
  • Satellite services coverage to most world continents by MEASAT, the Malaysian satellite service provider


Total broadband subscriptions are at 43.378 million as at 4Q 2019, with broadband penetration rate per 100 inhabitants standing at 131.7%.[4]

Fixed broadband development[edit]

In 2019, fixed broadband contributed 6.79% of total broadband market share or 2.947 million subscriptions[5] (2018: 2.7 million[6]).

Fixed broadband is being provided via Asymmetrical Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL), Symmetric Digital Subscriber Line (SDSL), Very-high bit-rate Digital Subscriber Line (VDSL), Fibre-to-the-Home (FTTH), Satellite, Fixed Wireless Access (FWA) and Evolution-Data Optimized (EVDO).

The High Speed Broadband project known as HSBB was introduced since 2008 to improve the quality of broadband access and enable the users in major cities and high-impact economies areas to enjoy broadband speeds up to 100Mbps; The Suburban Broadband (SUBB) and Rural Broadband (RBB) provide broadband speeds up to 20Mbps for users in suburban and rural areas.

On 28 August 2019, the Government approved the implementation of the National Fiberisation and Connectivity Plan (NFCP) over a five-year period from 2019 to 2023.

NFCP is a plan that aims to put in place a robust, pervasive, high quality and affordable digital connectivity for the well-being of the people and progress of the country with the following targets:

1. Entry-level fixed broadband package at 1% of GNI by 2020
2. Gigabits availability in selected industrial areas by 2020 and to all State Capitals by 2023
3. 100% availability for premises in State Capitals and selected high impact areas with a minimum speed of 500Mbps by 2021
4. 20% availability for premises in sub-urban and rural areas with up to 500Mbps by 2022
5. Fibre network passes 70% of schools, hospitals, libraries, police stations and post offices by 2022
6. Average speed of 30Mbps in 98% of populated areas by 2023
7. Improve mobile coverage along Pan Borneo highway upon completion

Further information on NFCP can be obtained from NFCP Home Page.

Mobile broadband development[edit]

In 2019, mobile broadband contributed 93.21% of total broadband market share or 40.431 million of subscriptions as at 4Q 2019[7] (2018: 36.8 million[8]).

Upgrading and expansion of network coverage
The Time 3 and Time 3 Extension initiatives involved construction of 1,833 new communications towers in rural areas nationwide. Apart from that, a total of 4,895 base stations at existing communications towers were upgraded from 2G to 3G/4G to cater higher broadband speed in rural areas.[9]
Submarine Cable System to Sabah & Sarawak
Introduced in 2014 through a public-private partnership between MCMC and Telekom Malaysia Berhad (TM). The project was completed in 2017 and this will be a redundancy to the existing domestic submarine cable services that have been operating since 1995. It was aimed to meet the growing demands for bandwidth between Peninsular Malaysia and East Malaysia.[10]
Submarine Cable System to Islands
The project started in 2017 and was completed in 2018, which involved in upgrading of existing communications infrastructure network, together with the submarine cables connecting between the mainland with three islands - Perhentian, Tioman and Pangkor islands.[11]

Broadband service providers[edit]

Service Providers
Fixed Broadband Mobile Broadband
Telekom Malaysia (TM)
Maxis Berhad (Maxis)
Celcom Axiata Berhad (Celcom)
Digi Telecommunications Sdn Bhd (Digi)
U Mobile Sdn Bhd (U Mobile)
Macro Lynx Sdn Bhd
MEASAT Satellite Systems Sdn Bhd
MyISP Dot Com Sdn Bhd
PR1MA Communications Sdn Bhd
Reach Ten Communications Sdn Bhd
REDtone International Berhad
Sacofa Sdn Bhd
Allo Technology Sdn Bhd (formerly known as Setia Haruman Technology Sdn Bhd)
Sunway Digital Wave Sdn Bhd
TT Dotcom Sdn Bhd
ViewQwest Sdn Bhd
XMT Technologies Sdn Bhd
Altel Communications Sdn Bhd
Merchantrade Asia Sdn Bhd
Pavo Communications Sdn Bhd
RedONE Network Sdn Bhd
Telekomunikasi Indonesia International (Malaysia) Sdn Bhd (Telin)
Tune Talk Sdn Bhd
XOX Berhad
YTL Broadband Sdn Bhd

Mobile Cellular[edit]

The major service providers for mobile cellular services in Malaysia are Celcom Axiata Berhad, Digi Telecommunications Sdn Bhd, Maxis Berhad and U Mobile Sdn Bhd. The number of mobile cellular subscriptions stood at 44.601 million as at 4Q 2019 with penetration rate per 100 inhabitants is 135.4%.[12]

Mobile cellular service is also provided by Mobile Virtual Network Operator (MVNO). As at 4Q 2019, there are 10 MVNOs operating in Malaysia which include Merchantrade Asia Sdn Bhd, redONE Network Sdn Bhd, Tune Talk Sdn Bhd, XOX Com Berhad, Altel Communication Sdn Bhd, Telekomunikasi Indonesia International (M) Sdn Bhd, Cubic Telecom, Pavo Communications Sdn Bhd, MY Evolution Sdn Bhd and Redtone Engineering & Network Services Sdn Bhd.

Radio Usage Statistics[edit]

Radio broadcast assignment[edit]

  • Shortwave (HF): 14 assignments
  • FM: 707 assignments

Radio broadcast stations FM[edit]

  • Public Radio Stations: 33
  • Private Radio Stations: 27

List of Terrestrial Radio Channels[edit]

A. Radio Televisyen Malaysia (Federal government-operated channels)
1. Nasional FM
2. Traxx FM
3. Minnal FM
4. Ai FM
5. Radio Klasik FM
6. Asyik FM
7. Local/State Radio Stations: 27
7.1 Perlis FM
7.2 Kedah FM
7.3 Mutiara FM
7.4 Perak FM
7.5 Selangor FM
7.6 Negeri FM
7.7 Malacca FM
7.8 Johor FM
7.9 Pahang FM
7.10 Terengganu FM
7.11 Kelantan FM
7.12 Sarawak FM
7.13 Sabah FM
7.14 KL FM
7.15 Limbang FM
7.16 Miri FM
7.17 Sri Aman FM
7.18 Bintulu FM
7.19 Sibu FM
7.20 Red FM- Sarawak Rangkaian Merah
7.21 WAI FM- Sarawak Saluran Etnik
7.22 Sandakan FM
7.23 Tawau FM
7.24 Keningau FM
7.25 Labuan FM
7.26 Langkawi FM
B. Media Prima Berhad (Private)
1. Synchrosound Studio Sdn Bhd (Hot FM)
2. One FM Radio Sdn Bhd (One FM)
3. Kool FM Radio Sdn Bhd (Kool FM)
C. Measat Broadcast Network Services Sdn Bhd (ASTRO) (Private)
1. Capital FM Sdn Bhd (Go Xuan & Zayan)
2. Measat Radio Communications Sdn Bhd (Hitz FM, Lite FM & MY FM)
3. Maestra Broadcast Sdn Bhd (ERA FM, Mix FM & Melody FM)
4. Perfect Excellence Waves Sdn Bhd (Sinar FM)
5. Radio Lebuhraya Sdn Bhd (Raaga & Gegar)
D. Star Media Group Berhad (The Star) (Private)
1. Rimakmur Sdn Bhd (Suria FM)
2. Star Rfm Sdn Bhd (988 FM)
E. Others
1. BFM Media Sdn Bhd (BFM 89.9)
2. Husa Network Sdn Bhd (Manis FM)
3. Senandung Sonik Sdn Bhd (TEA FM)
4. Radio Kita Sdn Bhd ( RAKITA)
5. Cense Media Sdn Bhd (Kupi-Kupi FM & City Plus FM)
6. Suara Johor Sdn Bhd ( Best FM)
7. Kristal Harta Sdn Bhd (Cats FM)
8. Institut Kefahaman Islam Malaysia (IKIM FM)
9. Malaysia Airports (Sepang) Sdn Bhd (Fly FM)
10. Arus Rentas Sdn Bhd (KK12FM)
11. Ephrata Services Sdn Bhd (VOKfm)

Amateur Radio Stations: 13,682 assignments

Radio listenership: 19.8 million (2018)[13]


Analogue Terrestrial Television (ATT) broadcast assignment[edit]

  • 252 assignments (until 31 Dec 2019)

Digital Terrestrial Television (DTT) broadcast assignment[edit]

  • 88 assignments

Digital terrestrial television stations[edit]

The following channels are free-to-air:

A. Under Radio Televisyen Malaysia (Federal government-operated channels)
1. TV1
2. TV2
3. RTM HD Sports
4. RTM Bes HD
5. TV Okey
B. Under Media Prima Berhad (Private)
1. Sistem Televisyen Malaysia Berhad (TV3)
2. Natseven TV Sdn Bhd (NTV7)
3. Metropolitan TV Sdn Bhd (8TV)
4. CH-9 Media Sdn Bhd (TV9)
5. CJ Wow Shop (operated by TV3)
C. Alhijrah Media Corporation (JAKIM-operated channel)
1. TV Alhijrah
D. Pertubuhan Berita Nasional Malaysia (BERNAMA) (Government news agency)
1. Bernama News Channel

Hotel-only in-house video channel[edit]

1. Vision Four Multimedia Sdn Bhd (Vision Four)

Subscription broadcasting providers[edit]

1. Asian Broadcasting Network (M) Sdn Bhd (ABNXcess) (Defunct)
1. Measat Broadcast Network Systems Sdn Bhd (Astro)
IP over UHF-based transmission-based
1. U Television Sdn Bhd (MiTV) (Defunct)
1. Fine TV Network Sdn Bhd (Fine TV) (Defunct)
2. eTV Multimedia Sdn Bhd (DETV) (Defunct)
3. TM Net Sdn Bhd (Unifi TV)

Television viewership: 28 million (2017)


Internet Users: 28.304 million (2018)2

Country code (Top level domain): MY

See also[edit]


1 Network that can reach every other network on the Internet without purchasing IP transit or paying for peering

2 Internet user population is calculated from Internet Users Survey 2018 (IUS 2018) based on 87.4% of total population of Malaysia in 2018 (32.385 mil). Population data from Department of Statistics Malaysia (DoSM).


  1. ^ Fixed-telephone Subscriptions 4Q 2019 / Communications and Multimedia : Facts and Figures, 4Q 2019
  2. ^ Total DEL Subscriptions 4Q 2019 / Communications and Multimedia : Facts and Figures, 4Q 2019
  3. ^ Who are the Tier 1 ISPs? / Dr Peering International
  4. ^ Broadband 4Q 2019 / Communications and Multimedia : Facts and Figures, 4Q 2019
  5. ^ Broadband 4Q 2019 / Communications and Multimedia : Facts and Figures, 4Q 2019
  6. ^ Broadband 4Q 2018 / Communications and Multimedia : Facts and Figures, 4Q 2018
  7. ^ Broadband 4Q 2019 / Communications and Multimedia : Facts and Figures, 4Q 2019
  8. ^ Broadband 4Q 2018 / Communications and Multimedia : Facts and Figures, 4Q 2018
  9. ^ 2018 Universal Service Provision Annual Report / MCMC Universal Service Provision Annual Reports
  10. ^ 2018 Universal Service Provision Annual Report / MCMC Universal Service Provision Annual Reports
  11. ^ 2018 Universal Service Provision Annual Report / MCMC Universal Service Provision Annual Reports
  12. ^ Mobile-cellular 4Q 2019 / Communications and Multimedia : Facts and Figures, 4Q 2019
  13. ^ Radio Users Survey 2017 / MCMC Radio Users Survey 2017