Telecommunications in Sri Lanka

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Telephone[edit]

Landlines in use:Decrease 2,484,616 (December, 2018)

Mobile Phones in use: Increase 32,528,104 (December, 2018)

  • Teledensity (Fixed Phones per 100 inhabitants) : 11.5 (December, 2018)
  • Mobile Subscription per 100 people :Increase 150 (December, 2018)

Telephone Network[edit]

Excellent domestic service in urban and semi urban areas. Inadequate service in rural and remote areas (2010), good international service (2010). The latest trend is the Fixed 4G LTE and 5G technologies, because of this technology many Sri Lankans who live in rural and remote areas can now access a good telephone and broadband internet service.

Domestic[edit]

The national trunk network consists mostly of digital microwave radio relay and fiber-optic links are now in use in the Colombo City and all major cities and towns

International[edit]

Two submarine cables to India and the Maldives; one Satellite earth stations - Intelsat (Indian Ocean) (2009)

Broadband Internet access[edit]

Fixed Broadband Service Providers[edit]

Operator Technology
Dialog Broadband Networks LTE TDD, VoLTE, Wi-Fi, FTTH (Only for businesses)
Lanka Bell WiMAX, LTE TDD, CDMA
Sri Lanka Telecom ADSL2+, VDSL2, LTE TDD, VoLTE, FTTH, Wi-Fi

Mobile Broadband Service Providers[edit]

Operator Technology
Airtel GPRS, EDGE, UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
Dialog GPRS, EDGE, UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+, LTE FDD, VoLTE, VoWiFi, 5G (Trial)
Hutch GPRS, EDGE, UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+, LTE FDD
Mobitel GPRS, EDGE, UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+, LTE FDD, LTE-A, VoLTE, 5G (Trial)

Internet[edit]

The history of the internet in Sri Lanka began with the launch of the Lanka Education and Research Network (LEARN) in 1992. The network was only made available to educational and research communities. In the 1985/1986 period with the use of an old TRS 80 model which ran Xenix, computer engineers and scholars were able to demonstrate a remote login from University of Moratuwa (UoM) which connected a computer in University of Colombo for the very first time.

  • Fixed Broadband Subscriptions : Increase 1,530,036 (December, 2018)
  • Mobile Broadband Subscriptions : Increase10,017,014 (June, 2019)

Internet Speed[edit]

  • 4G LTE Mobile Broadband : Download : Increase 21.57Mbps to 80Mbps Upload : Increase 10.23Mbps to 35Mbps
  • 4G LTE Fixed Broadband : Download : Increase 28.65Mbps to 100Mbps Upload : Increase 15.41Mbps to 30Mbps
  • Fiber Optics : Download : Increase 800Mbps to 1000Mbps Upload : Increase 350Mbps to 600Mbps

Other Communication[edit]

Postal Service: Sri Lanka Post

Radio broadcast stations: AM 15, FM 54, SW 5

Television broadcast stations: 19 (2009)

Satellite Earth Stations located: Padukka and Colombo

Internet Service Providers: 9

Country code / Top-level domain: +94/LK

Telecommunications Regulatory Environment in Sri Lanka[edit]

LIRNEasia's Telecommunications Regulatory Environment (TRE) index, which summarizes stakeholders’ perception on certain TRE dimensions, provides insight into how conducive the environment is for further development and progress. The most recent survey was conducted in July 2008 in eight Asian countries, including Bangladesh, India, Indonesia, Sri Lanka, Maldives, Pakistan, Thailand, and the Philippines. The tool measured seven dimensions: i) market entry; ii) access to scarce resources; iii) interconnection; iv) tariff regulation; v) anti-competitive practices; and vi) universal services; vii) quality of service, for the fixed, mobile and broadband sectors.

In Sri Lanka, the mobile sector receives higher scores than the fixed sector for all dimensions excepting interconnection. The broadband sector lags behind both the fixed and mobile sectors in all but one of the parameters (regulation of anti-competitive practices). What also emerges in the results illustrated above is that all the sectors – other than mobile sector USOs – fall below the 5.00 average performance level.

References[edit]

Telecommunications Regulatory Commission of Sri Lanka (TRCSL) Statistics

See also[edit]