Teleorman County

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Teleorman County

Județul Teleorman
Coat of arms of Teleorman County
Coat of arms
Administrative map of Romania with Teleorman county highlighted
Development regionSud
Historical regionMuntenia
 • Total5,790 km2 (2,240 sq mi)
Area rank19th
 • Total360,178
 • Rank24th
 • Density62/km2 (160/sq mi)
Telephone code(+40) 247 or (+40) 347[1]
ISO 3166 codeRO-TR (TR county)
GDP (nominal)US$ 1.93 billion (2015)
GDP per capitaUS$ 6,315 (2015)

Teleorman County (Romanian pronunciation: [ˈtele.orman]) is a county (județ) of Romania on the border with Bulgaria, in the historical region Muntenia, with its capital city at Alexandria.

The name Teleorman is of Cumanic (Turkic) origin. It literally means crazy forest (Deli orman) and, by extension, "thick and shadowy forest" in the Cuman language.[2] It can be encountered in other toponyms, such as the Turkish name of the Ludogorie Plateau in northeastern Bulgaria.


In 2011, the county had a population of 360,178 and the population density was 62.2/km².

Year County population[4]
1948 487,394
1956 Increase 510,488
1966 Increase 516,222
1977 Increase 518,943
1992 Decrease 482,281
2002 Decrease 436,025
2011 Decrease 360,178


Teleorman County has a total area of 5,790 square kilometres (2,240 sq mi).

Two distinctive elements can be found:

  • In the North and center there are plains from the Romanian Plain. They are separated by small rivers, which sometimes form deep valleys.
  • In the South there is the Danube valley, very wide, with ponds and small channels.

Beside the Danube, the main river crossing the county is the Olt River which flows into the Danube close to the village of Islaz. Other important rivers are: the Vedea River, the Teleorman River, and the Călmățui River.



The predominant industries in the county are:

  • Food and beverages industry.
  • Textile industry.
  • Chemical industry.
  • Mechanical components industry; in Alexandria there is a big roll-bearing enterprise.

Agriculture is the main occupation in the county. Both extensive agriculture, and small scale — vegetables and fruits for the Bucharest markets — is practiced. The area is well suited for irrigations.


1715 coat of arms of Argeș, Teleorman, and Mehedinți counties on the frontispice of the Antim Monastery

The county doesn't have many spectacular attractions, but its cultural folk heritage is very rich. Many Romanian personalities have been born here, some of them later describing the life in a village in a very picturesque way. Also, the area was one of the places where the Wallachian Revolution of 1848 unfolded.

The main tourist destinations are:


The Teleorman County Council, elected at the 2016 local government elections, is made up of 33 counselors, with the following party composition:[5]

    Party Seats Current County Council
  Social Democratic Party 18                                    
  National Liberal Party 11                                    
  Alliance of Liberals and Democrats 2                                    
  People's Movement Party 2                                    

Administrative divisions[edit]

Roșiorii de Vede
Turnu Măgurele

Teleorman County has 3 municipalities, 2 towns and 93 communes



Teleorman County is home to many Romanian personalities including:

Historical county[edit]

Județul Teleorman
County (Județ)
The Teleorman County court building of the interwar period, currently the Turnu Măgurele city court building.
The Teleorman County court building of the interwar period, currently the Turnu Măgurele city court building.
Coat of arms of Județul Teleorman
Coat of arms
Romania 1930 county Teleorman.png
CountryFlag of Romania.svg Romania
Historic regionMuntenia
Capital city (Reședință de județ)Turnu Măgurele
 • Total4,577 km2 (1,767 sq mi)
 • Total347,294
 • Density76/km2 (200/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)

Historically, the county was located in the southern part of Greater Romania, in the southwestern part of the historical region of Muntenia. Its capital was Turnu Măgurele. The county was bordered on the west by the counties Romanați County and Olt County, to the north by Argeș County, to the east by Vlașca County, and in the south across the Danube River by the Kingdom of Bulgaria. Its territory coincides in large part with that of the present county.


Map of Teleorman County as constituted in 1938.

The county was originally divided into five administrative districts (plăṣi):[6]

  1. Plasa Alexandria, headquartered at Alexandria
  2. Plasa Balaci, headquartered at Balaci
  3. Plasa Roșiori de Vede, headquartered at Roșiori de Vede
  4. Plasa Turnu Măgurele, headquartered at Turnu Măgurele
  5. Plasa Zimnicea, headquartered at Zimnicea

Subsequently, the county established three more districts:

  1. Plasa Călmățuiu, headquartered at Călmățuiu
  2. Plasa Slăvești, headquartered at Slăvești
  3. Plasa Vârtoapele de Sus, headquartered at Vârtoapele de Sus

The county contained four urban communes: Turnu Măgurele, Alexandria, Roșiorii de Vede, and Zimnicea.


According to the 1930 census data, the county population was 347,294 inhabitants, ethnically divided as follows: 98.1% Romanians, 1.4% Romanies, as well as other minorities. From the religious point of view, the population was 99.0% Eastern Orthodox, 0.6% Adventist, 0.1% Muslim, as well as other minorities.

Urban population[edit]

In 1930, the county's urban population was 58,632 inhabitants, comprising 94.4% Romanians, 3.3% Romanies, 0.4% Hungarians, 0.4% Jews, as well as other minorities. From the religious point of view, the urban population was composed of 98.1% Eastern Orthodox, 0.6% Muslim, 0.4% Jewish, 0.4% Roman Catholic, as well as other minorities.


  1. ^ The number used depends on the numbering system employed by the phone companies on the market.
  2. ^ (in Romanian) Claudiu Dumitrache, "Județul Teleorman, de la 'pădurea nebună' la grânarul țării", Adevărul, January 11, 2013; accessed July 2, 2013
  3. ^ National Institute of Statistics, "Populația după etnie" Archived 2009-08-16 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ National Institute of Statistics, "Populația la recensămintele din anii 1948, 1956, 1966, 1977, 1992 și 2002"
  5. ^ "Mandate de CJ pe judete si competitori" (in Romanian). Biroul Electoral Central. 10 June 2016. Retrieved 16 June 2016.
  6. ^ Portretul României Interbelice - Județul Teleorman

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 43°39′25″N 25°21′25″E / 43.65694°N 25.35694°E / 43.65694; 25.35694