Telespazio

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Telespazio Spa
Private joint venture
(Società per Azioni)
IndustryAerospace
Founded1961
Headquarters,
ServicesSatellite services
OwnerLeonardo (67%)
Thales Group (33%)
Number of employees
Approx. 2,500
SubsidiariesTelespazio VEGA
Websitewww.telespazio.com

Telespazio Spa is a European spaceflight services company founded in 1961. It is a joint venture owned by Leonardo (67%) and Thales Group (33%) headquartered in Rome.

Telespazio provides services that include the design and development of space systems, the management of launch services and in-orbit satellite control, Earth observation services, integrated communications, satellite navigation and localization and scientific programmes. The company manages space infrastructure, such as the Fucino Space Centre - and is involved in programmes including Galileo,[1] EGNOS, Copernicus,[2] COSMO-SkyMed, SICRAL [3] and Göktürk.[4]

Telespazio operates in France with Telespazio France; in Germany with Telespazio VEGA Deutschland GmbH, GAF and Spaceopal; in the United Kingdom with Telespazio VEGA United Kingdom; in Spain with Telespazio Ibérica; in Romania with Rartel. Telespazio operates in South America through Telespazio Brasil and Telespazio Argentina. In Italy, the company is also present through e-GEOS.

History[edit]

Telescopic parabolic antennas in Fucino

On 18 October 1961, Telespazio was established under the auspices of several Italian organisations, including the National Research Council (SNR) and the Post and Telecommunications Ministry, Italcable and Rai.[5] During the following year, NASA signed a memorandum of understanding with Telespazio to test the Telstar and Relay satellites. In 1963, the first signals from the Telstar satellite were received by the Fucino testing station (L’Aquila), the first pictures came through a few months later.[5]

During 1964, Telespazio helped create history for its role in facilitating the first television broadcasts, directly from Fucino via the Telstar satellite.[5] During the following year, it signed its first agreement with communications satellite service provider Intelsat; in June 1965, commercial telecommunications traffic was inaugurated between North America and Europe. In 1968, Intelsat and Telespazio signed an agreement to provide the first telemetry and remote control services on Intelsat satellites. During 1969, the firm played a role in distributing the live broadcast of the moon landing across Europe.[5]

During the 1970s, Telespazio experienced a period of expansion and diversification. During May 1974, it signed a memorandum of understanding with NASA to engage itself in the Landsat program, gathering satellite imagery for Earth Observation purposes according to the signed in May 1974.[5] During that same year, Telespazio became involved in the development of the Sirio programme, thus helping to launch the first Italian telecommunications satellite during 1977. Other major activities of the decade included the in-orbit control of satellites, and the opening of a second space centre in Gera Lario, Lombardia in 1977.[5]

In the 1980s, the company continued to be involved in the development of several Italian space-related programmes, such as Italsat.[5] During 1983, under the auspices of CNR and subsequently, the Italian Space Agency (ASI), Telespazio established and managed the Matera Space Center for Geodesy Operations. In 1987, it inaugurated its third space center handling satellites communications, based in Scanzano, Palermo.[5]

On 30 May 1991, Telespazio launched the ARGO project, the first closed network equipped with small fixed antennas for emergency communications, intended for Italian civil protection.[5] During 1994, Telespazio Argentina, based in Buenos Aires, is established. On 30 April 1996, the BeppoSAX scientific satellite, operated by the firm, was launched.[5] In the following year, it founded its second subsidiary, Telespazio Brasil, based in Rio de Janeiro. During 1998, Telespazio partnered with Romanian firm Radiocom to establish the Rartel Company, thus developing a presence in this country as well.[5] That same year, the firm finalised an agreement with European satellite operator Eutelsat to take control and commercialise of the EMS payload carried on the Italsat F2 communications satellite.[6]

On 7 February 2001, Italy’s first military communications satellite system, the Telespazio-managed SICRAL 1, was launched.[5] During December 2002, the firm became a part of the Italian aerospace conglomerate Finmeccanica; the acquisition had involved a lengthy period of negotiation with Telespazio's former parent company, Telecom Italia.[7][8] On 25 July 2003, Telespazio acquired the German Earth observation satellite services specialist GAF AG.[5]

The company became a Franco-Italian joint venture on 1 July 2005, through a merger between Telespazio and the space services division of Alcatel.[9] Creation of the joint venture was concurrent with the creation of Alcatel Alenia Space (now Thales Alenia Space), formed by the merger of two other Alcatel and Finmeccanica (since 2016 rebranded Leonardo-Finmeccanica) space businesses (Alcatel Space and Alenia Spazio respectively).[10][11]

During 2007, the European Commission (EC) approved the transfer to Thales of Alcatel's interests in joint ventures Alcatel Alenia Space (Thales: 67%; Finmeccanica: 33%) and Telespazio (Finmeccanica: 67%; Thales: 33%); this restructuring resulted in the creation of a new space-orientated alliance between Thales and Finmeccanica.[12][13] Prior to approving the change, the EC had performed an in-depth investigation due to concerns that the transfer may have had a detrimental effect on downstream satellite and subsystem competition.[14]

In January 2011, Telespazio acquired the space activities of two Finmeccanica subsidiares, the Italy-based Elsag Datamat Space and the UK-based VEGA (the latter was subsequently renamed Telespazio VEGA UK) for an undisclosed price.[15][16] On 20 September 2011, a strike at the company reportedly caused a delay in the launch of an Ariane 5 heavy-lift launch vehicle.[17]

During 2017, Thales Alenia Space and Telespazio formed a partnership with Seattle-based Spaceflight Industries to accelerate plans for a constellation of 60 Earth observation satellites.[18] In the following year, Orange S.A. teamed up with the firm to provide satellite-based telecommunications to the French military.[19]

In September 2019, Airbus partnered with Telespazio to market military telecommunications services using the future Syracuse IV satellites.[20]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ [2]
  3. ^ [3]
  4. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 22 September 2014. Retrieved 3 September 2014.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m "History". Telespazio. Retrieved 30 March 2020.
  6. ^ "Mobile Service". Flight International. 25 November 1998.
  7. ^ "Telespazio buy-out stalls". Flight International. 8 January 2002.
  8. ^ "Finmeccanica closes deals". Flight International. 13 August 2002.
  9. ^ McGraw-Hill (2006). "Telespazio". Aviation Week & Space Technology. 164 (1–10): 315. Cite has empty unknown parameter: |month= (help)
  10. ^ International Astronautical Federation; United Nations Office for Outer Space Affairs; International Institute of Space Law (1992). Highlights in space 2005: Progress in space science, technology and applications, international cooperation and space law. United Nations. p. 32. ISBN 9789211009897.
  11. ^ "Italy's space industry consolidates position". Flight International. 2 November 2004.
  12. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 22 September 2014. Retrieved 3 September 2014.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  13. ^ Coppinger, Rob (10 April 2007). "Thales and Finmeccanica announce New Space Alliance after European Commission approves share deal". Flight International.
  14. ^ Coppinger, Rob (4 April 2007). "European Commission approves Thales take over of Alcatel's share of Alenia Space and Telespazio". Flight International.
  15. ^ "Telespazio Acquires Vega, Elsag Datamat Space Businesses from Finmeccanica". Satellite Today. 17 January 2011. Retrieved 29 August 2012.
  16. ^ "Telespazio has acquired the space activities of two Finmeccanica Group companies: VEGA, based in the UK, and Elsag Datamat, based in Genoa". Sat News. 17 January 2011. Retrieved 29 August 2012.
  17. ^ "Strike delays Ariane-5 launch: official". phys.org. 10 September 2011.
  18. ^ Boyle, Alan (15 September 2017). "Spaceflight Industries teams with Europe's Thales Alenia and Telespazio for satellites". geekwire.com.
  19. ^ "Orange Business Services and Telespazio France Combine Forces to Supply Satellite Telecommunications Services to the French Ministry of Armed Forces". businesswire.com. 23 October 2018.
  20. ^ "Airbus and Telespazio join forces on military satellite services on Syracuse IV satellites". intelligent-aerospace.com. 10 September 2019.

External links[edit]