Television in Bosnia and Herzegovina

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Television in Bosnia and Herzegovina was first introduced in 1956. First broadcasting in Bosnia and Herzegovina started in 1961 when Televizija Sarajevo began its programme although without its own TV studio at that time (it used Radio Sarajevo's premises for this purpose).

Today there are 150 licensed TV broadcasters[1] in Bosnia and Herzegovina (23 Public and 127 Private).[2] The process of digitization is still going on[3] in Bosnia and it is expected to leave the analog frequency bands. Planned is a public TV corporation[4] which will operate, consolidate and improve quality of all Bosnian public broadcasters.

Terrestrial broadcasters[edit]

Analog television[edit]

Bosnia and Herzegovina has 3 public broadcasters financed from radio and television fees (RTV pretplata/pristojba). The amount of television fees in BiH is 7.5 BAM per month (collected along with the bill for landline telephony service).[5]

The national public broadcaster for Bosnia and Herzegovina is BHRT (Radio televizija Bosne i Hercegovine). With one television and one radio channel it covers more than 97% of the country. BHRT is the only Bosnian member of the European Broadcasting Union.[6]

The entity broadcaster for Federation of BiH is RTVFBiH (Radio televizija Federacije Bosne i Hercegovine). The program is broadcast on one radio and one television channel. The entity broadcaster for Republika Srpska entity is RTRS – Radio televizija Republike Srpske. The program is broadcast via one radio and two television channels (one channel is via cable systems).[7]

There are 23 other public TV stations which broadcast only locally at the municipal, local, and regional levels, such as 5 cantonal TV stations (TVSA, RTV TK, RTV USK, RTV ZE, and RTV BPK).

Private TV stations with a nationwide coverage are OBN and Pink BH.

Out of 30 private TV stations, the majority are only locally available, either on a municipal level (e.g. TV KISS from Kiseljak or TV Maglaj from Maglaj) or on a near national level (e.g. Hayat in the FBiH entity or Alternativna TV in the Republika Srpska entity). These broadcasters are primarily focused on the entitiy markets, but they also broadcast a joint program known as "Program Plus" on 85% of the territory of Bosnia and Herzegovina.[8]

Several local and regional private TV stations broadcast a joint program known as "Mreža TV". These broadcasters provide a common advertising space (on country, entity, or regional level) that is more attractive to major advertisers. Local TV networks share local news (e.g. PRIMA network in the RS entity).

Analog television channels in BiH
TV station type Sum
Television licence 3
Public broadcasting 12
Commercial broadcasting 30
Analog television stations in total 45

Digital television[edit]

The process of digitization is still going on in Bosnia and Herzegovina. One analog transmitter was shut down in June 2015[9] by request of neighboring Serbia, affecting one of the public broadcast channels, but the signal was reestablished within days.

Communications Regulatory Agency of BiH issued the first licenses for digital broadcasting in BiH to broadcasters BHRT, RTVFBIH and RTRS. Permits are valid from March 1, 2016 year.[10] A DVB-T test signal on MUX-A was expected by the end of 2016 in some parts of the country, and the tender procedure for completing MUX-A for the whole territory of the country ("second phase") has started. As of August 2016, there are no news about MUX-B, which is intended for privately owned and regional TV stations.

Cable broadcasters[edit]

Many local and regional TV stations are also available through cable television which has been in expansion in Bosnia and Herzegovina over the last 10 years. There are over 98 licensed TV stations (both private and publicly owned) which broadcast their programmes exclusively via cable, satellite or IPTV. A majority of these are municipal and local TV stations (e.g. KTV Zavidovići, TV Istočno Sarajevo or TV Posavina).

Cable and satellite TV stations that aim to capture wider audiences are: Al Jazeera Balkans, TV1, FACE TV, Cinema TV, N1, M1 GOLD and the multiple TV channels of Hayat TV (e.g. Hayat Plus, Hayatovci, Hayat Music, Hayat Folk), RTV BN (BN Music, BN Televizija[11]) and OTV Valentino (Valentino Etno, Valentino Folk, Prva Hercegovačka). Pink BH via Pink Media Group broadcasts more than 50 cable TV channels[12] (e.g. Pink Movies, Pink Action, Pink Comedy, Pink Erotic, Pink Fashion).

Cable television channels in BiH
TV station type Sum
Television licence 1
Public broadcasting 7
Commercial broadcasting 97
Cable television stations in total 105

Depending on cable provider and subscription type, cable TV offer usually includes most of the local terrestrial channels. Offers are usually customized for specific city. Basic cable offer is limited to 40-65 TV channels in the starting packages. Digital and IPTV packages are limited to 120-180 channels (including the additional channel packages, HD packages, VOD etc.).

Foreign broadcasters[edit]

There are more than 56 licensed cable TV operators in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The latest estimates show that cable television services in BiH uses about 330,000 households.[13]

Depending on cable provider and subscription type, cable TV offer usually includes channels such as FOX, FOX Movies, FOX Life, FOX Crime, AXN, MGM, Sci Fi Channel, Eurosport, MTV, Comedy Central Extra, National Geographic Channel (with subtitles in local Bosnian, Croatian or Serbian). Bosnian cable operators offer a large number of regional national (e.g.. HRT, RTS, B92) and international TV channels (e.g., CNN, DW, RTL, Euronews, Russia Today).

Premium sports offer is mostly limited to Arena Sport or Sport Klub TV packages. Premium movies channels are mostly limited to the HBO and Cinemax TV packages.

There are seven licensed providers of on-demand services (VOD) in Bosnia and Herzegovina.[1]

Defunct television channels in Bosnia and Herzegovina[edit]

After 17 July 2002, in Bosnia and Herzegovina there was no radio and TV stations that broadcast without official broadcasting license issued by the Communications Regulatory Agency of Bosnia and Herzegovina.[14] All local media in BiH, which could not meet the official criteria of the competition for broadcasting licenses were closed in the period between 2000-2002. According to the recommendations, CRA BiH has established a public register of permits issued for all broadcasters with relevant data about all media outlets (radio stations, TV channels...) who have received permission to work.

Defunct television channels in Bosnia and Herzegovina (Analog television, Cable television, Satellite television, IPTV)
Television channel Headquarters Programming Transmission Launched End Notes
OBN+ Sarajevo Reruns Satelite TV 2015 2016
Druga TV Tuzla Music Cable TV 2012 2015
HTV Oscar 2 Mostar Music Cable TV - 2015
Kanal 1 Sarajevo Music Cable TV 2010 2015
037 Televizija Bihać Local Cable TV 2010 2013
NTV Studio 99 Sarajevo Local Cable TV 1992 2011 Now Al Jazeera Balkans
RTV Alfa Sarajevo Local Analog TV 1999 2004 Now TV Alfa
BRT International Sarajevo Local Analog TV - 1999 * Lost permission from the CRA BiH
Televizija X Sarajevo Local Analog TV 2000 2008 Now Behar TV
RTV Kometa Pale Local Analog TV - 2003 Merged with Pink BH[15]
Balkan TV Pale Local Analog TV - 2002
Kanal S Pale Local Analog TV - 2002
Hercegovačka televizija Mostar Local Analog TV 2002 2012[16] * Lost permission from the CRA BiH
Hrvatska Televizija Mostar Mostar Local Analog TV - 2002 become Hercegovačka televizija
FTV 2 Sarajevo FBiH entity Analog TV 2001 2003
Erotel Mostar parts of FBiH entity Analog TV 1996 2000[17] * Lost permission from the CRA BiH, later become FTV 2 [18]
RTV Herceg Bosne Mostar Local Analog TV 1993 1996 become Erotel
NTV Vitez Vitez Local Analog TV - 2001
NTV Travnik Travnik Local Analog TV - 2005
HRTV Kiseljak Kiseljak Local Analog TV - 2001
NTV D Doboj Doboj Local Analog TV - 2001
RTV Step Bijeljina Local Analog TV - 2002 Merged with Pink BH[15]
TV GLS Sokolac Local Analog TV - 2002 Merged with Pink BH[15]
RTV Info Tes Teslić Local Analog TV - 2002 Merged with Pink BH
TV Studio Šamac Bosanski Šamac Local Analog TV - 2002
RTV Maoča Brčko Local Analog TV - 2002
TV Žepče Žepče Local Analog TV - 2002
RTV Kladanj Kladanj Local Analog TV - 2002
TV MIB Brčko Local Analog TV - 2002
ATV Banovići Banovići Local Analog TV - 2002
TV FS3 Tuzla Local Analog TV 1992 2002
TVT Tuzla Tuzla Local Analog TV - 2009
NTV Zetel Zenica Local Analog TV - 2005
RTV Vlasenica Vlasenica Local Analog TV - 2002
TV Srpski Glas Zvornik Local Analog TV - 2002
RTV Zvornik Zvornik Local Analog TV - 2002
RTV Ljubinje Ljubinje Local Analog TV - 2002 Merged with Pink BH
TV Teodora Banja Luka Local Analog TV - 2002 Merged with Pink BH
NRTV Banja Luka Banja Luka Local Analog TV - 2003 Merged with Pink BH
TV Gvozden Banja Luka Local Analog TV - 2001 * Lost permission from the CRA BiH
RTV Sveti Georgije Banja Luka Local Analog TV - 2001 * Lost permission from the CRA BiH

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b RAK, CRA. "Korisnici dozvola". Regulatorna agencija za komunikacije BiH. communications Regulatory Agency of BiH. Retrieved 21 August 2016. 
  2. ^ "Licensees - Communications regulatory agency" (in English and Bosnian). www.rak.ba. www.rak.ba. 28 September 2015. Retrieved 21 August 2016. 
  3. ^ Radio Free Europe (24 January 2015). "Nesagledive posljedice zbog neprovođenja digitalizacije" (in Bosnian). www.slobodnaevropa.org. www.slobodnaevropa.org. Retrieved 9 November 2015. 
  4. ^ "Potreba za uspostavljanjem korporacije" (in Bosnian). www.teve.ba. www.teve.ba. 30 October 2015. Retrieved 9 November 2015. 
  5. ^ "RTV taksa i dalje 7.5 KM". www.banjalucanke.com. www.banjalucanke.com. 24 March 2015. Retrieved 9 November 2015. 
  6. ^ "EBU – Members". www.ebu.ch. European Broadcasting Union (EBU). Retrieved 9 November 2015. 
  7. ^ "RTRS obilježava 23 godine rada – počelo emitovanje RTRS PLUS programa" (in Bosnian and Serbian). www.rtrs.tv. www.rtrs.tv. 19 April 2015. Retrieved 9 November 2015. 
  8. ^ "Pokrivenost signalom (Program Plus)". www.programplus.ba (in Bosnian). www.programplus.ba. Retrieved 9 November 2015. 
  9. ^ "BiH jedina država bez digitalnog emitiranja" (in Bosnian). www.bhrt.ba. www.bhrt.ba. Retrieved 21 August 2016. 
  10. ^ "RAK izdao prve dozvole za digitalno emitiranje" (in Croatian). www.vecernji.ba. www.vecernji.ba. Retrieved 21 August 2016. 
  11. ^ "Frekvencije - Zemaljski program RTV BN". www.rtvbn.com (in Bosnian). www.rtvbn.com. Retrieved 9 November 2015. 
  12. ^ "Ovo je Pinkov novi tajni internet projekat - "Klik Pink"!". www.telegraf.rs (in Serbian). 25 September 2013. Retrieved 9 November 2015. 
  13. ^ "Kablovski operateri u BiH". www.profitiraj.ba (in Bosnian). www.profitiraj.ba. Retrieved 9 November 2015. 
  14. ^ Communications Regulatory Agency of Bosnia and Herzegovina. "U BiH NEMA RTV STANICA KOJE NE POSJEDUJU DOZVOLU ZA EMITOVANJE". www.rak.ba (in Bosnian). Retrieved 21 August 2016. 
  15. ^ a b c "U Pink BiH ulažemo 50 miliona maraca". www.infobiro.ba (in Bosnian). www.slobodna-bosna.ba. Retrieved 21 August 2016. 
  16. ^ "RAK oduzela dozvolu za emitiranje Hercegovačkoj televiziji" (in Croatian). www.hercegovina.info. www.hercegovina.info. Retrieved 21 August 2016. 
  17. ^ "Zatvorena televizija Erotel" (in Croatian). www.monitor.hr. www.monitor.hr. Retrieved 21 August 2016. 
  18. ^ "Stvorene tehnicke i politicke pretpostavke za Federalnu televiziju" (in Bosnian). www.mediaonline.ba. www.mediaonline.ba. Retrieved 21 August 2016. 

External links[edit]