Television in Portugal

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Television in Portugal was introduced in 1956 (test broadcasts) by Radiotelevisão Portuguesa (now named Rádio e Televisão de Portugal), which held the nationwide television monopoly until late 1992. Regular broadcasting was introduced on March 7, 1957. Colour transmissions were introduced on March 10, 1980.

Digital terrestrial television (DTT) was introduced at a very late stage when compared to other countries in Europe and with limited channels, and according to the European Audiovisual Observatory it occupies the last place in 34 European countries with the weakest offer on digital terrestrial television. In such a way that most Portuguese are subscribers of cable (HFC) or IPTV (DSL or FTTH) platforms, in percentages higher than in the rest of Europe and these platforms are well developed with a large number of channels. During the transition from analog to DTT, subscription-based television services experiences a 10% increase and reached 72.5% of homes in 2012. Regional and local television is also limited. Portuguese television is regulated by the Entidade Reguladora para a Comunicação Social (ERC).[1] In 2015, TVI was the ratings leader with 22.5% share while SIC, RTP1 and RTP2 had 18.8%, 14.8% and 2.0%, respectively.[2]

History[edit]

On March 7, 1957 public broadcaster Rádio e Televisão de Portugal (RTP) began broadcasting RTP1, the first television channel in the country. A second RTP channel, RTP2, started broadcasting on December 25, 1968. Private commercial channels were launched in the early 1990s, with SIC on October 6, 1992 and TVI on February 20, 1993.

Terrestrial[edit]

Analog broadcasts in Portugal was discontinued on April 26, 2012. There are only six generalist channels, two regional and one parliament channel broadcasting in DVB-T in Portugal.

See Digital terrestrial television in Portugal

List of free-to-air terrestrial channels[edit]

  • ARTV: a public TV channel that broadcasts the sessions of Assembly of the Republic.
  • RTP1: the flagship channel of RTP, the Portuguese public broadcasting corporation, and presents a general programming composed mainly by news, talk shows, discussion-based programs, national and international fiction and drama and entertainment. It is the third most watched TV channel in Portugal.
  • RTP2: the second channel of Portuguese television. It focuses more on intellectual and cultural programming, as well as children and documentary programs. It is the only terrestrial channel in Portugal that broadcasts international (mostly American) TV-series during the prime-time. The least watched terrestrial station in Portugal.
  • RTP3: a news channel from RTP.
  • RTP Açores: Regional Public broadcaster broadcasting only in Azores.
  • RTP Madeira: Regional Public broadcaster broadcasting only in Madeira.
  • RTP Memória: archive programming from RTP and classic programming from various worldwide broadcasters (ranging from BBC's 'Allo 'Allo! to FOX's The X-Files).
  • SIC: first private television station in Portugal. It broadcasts mainly Brazilian telenovelas and long talk shows (more than 8 hours every day), talent shows, as well as themed programming. Like competitor TVI, SIC does not broadcast many international TV-series during prime-time. The channel is the second most popular channel in Portugal.
  • TVI: second private station in Portugal. It focuses mainly on Portuguese telenovelas (usually 5 or more in production at the same time), as well as talk-shows. These talk-shows account for more than 45% of TVI's programming and concentrate mainly on human interest stories, while the other 55% comprises telenovelas. It is also well known for its popular reality shows. The primary target audience of TVI are housewives and the elderly. It is the most watched TV channel in Portugal with a 23% audience share.

HD broadcasts[edit]

As of worldwide sport events, the common broadcasters usually start a temporary HD channel for subscription digital television users.

  • For the UEFA Euro 2008, TVI launched TVI HD to broadcast the event in HD (although you could also see the channel 24 hours).
  • Also for the UEFA Euro 2008, SportTV launched an HD simulcast of SportTV 1.
  • For the Beijing Olympics 2008, RTP has launched RTP HD, but this one had non-continuous programming, broadcasting only the Olympics (which come to air very late night) and some RTP2 sports programing during the day, pausing in the morning to around 15 (3 p.m) for Desporto 2 and then stopping again until 21 (9 p.m) to show prime-time during the week and movies during weekend. Night was filled with the Olympics from 0 to 2 (12 am to 2 am) with reruns and 2 to 7 am with live events.
  • MOV also launched a HD channel in 2008.
  • In the beginning of 2009 the all-native HD SportTV HD started broadcasting.
  • Also in 2009, RTP relaunched RTP HD, now with a different name, RTP1 HD, with regular broadcast.
  • SIC also start test broadcasts in 2009, with UEFA Europa League broadcasts but didn't proceed.
  • Thematic channels, AXN, FOX, FOX Life, TVCine, Syfy Universal, also started their HD broadcasts in 2009.
  • A HD channel is present on Digital Terrestrial Television but has never broadcast.

IPTV[edit]

Optimus Clix has launched in 2006 a service called SmarTV (rebranded as Optimus Clix TV), provided on Amino and Motorola STBs, with VoD provided by Kasenna MediaBase video servers. PT Comunicações (Portugal Telecom) has also launched one called MEO, providing that the spin-off of subsidiary PT Multimédia was concluded. Vodafone also launched an IPTV service called Vodafone Casa TV.

Cable[edit]

All cable providers in Portugal introduced digital television (DVB-C).

Satellite[edit]

Digital satellite services have existed since 1998. Currently, the providers are NOS and MEO operating in Hispasat.

Mobile TV[edit]

All operators had mobile TV under UMTS platforms. It was abandoned in favor of web-TV applications for mobile devices.

Most-viewed channels[edit]

Circle frame.svg

Result

  TVI (20.7%)
  SIC (17.7%)
  RTP1 (14.3%)
  CMTV (2.3%)
  SIC Notícias (2.2%)
  Canal Hollywood (2.2%)
  TVI24 (1.8%)
  Panda (1.8%)
  RTP2 (1.7%)
  Cable/Others (35.3%)

Monthly viewing shares in November 2016:[3]

Position Channel Group Share of
total viewing (%)
1 TVI Media Capital 20.7%
2 SIC Impresa 17.7%
3 RTP1 Rádio e Televisão de Portugal 14.3%
4 CMTV Cofina 2.3%
5 SIC Notícias Impresa 2.2%
6 Canal Hollywood Dreamia 2.2%
7 TVI24 Media Capital 1.8%
8 Canal Panda Dreamia 1.8%
9 RTP2 Rádio e Televisão de Portugal 1.7%
10 AXN Sony Pictures Entertainment 1.6%
11 Disney Channel The Walt Disney Company 1.6%
12 Globo TV Globo Portugal 1.6%
13 FOX Fox International Channels Portugal 1.5%
14 TV Record Record Europa 1.3%
15 Disney Junior The Walt Disney Company 1.1%

Most watched shows[edit]

[4][5][6][7][8][9][10][11][12][13]

Rank Show Episode Rating Share Date Channel
1 UEFA Euro 2004 Portugal vs The Netherlands (semi-final) 40.9 87.2% 30 June 2004 RTP1
2 UEFA Euro 2012 Portugal vs Spain (semi-final) 39.5 76.0% 27 June 2012 SIC
3 UEFA Euro 2004 Portugal vs England (quarter-final) 39.0 85.1% 24 June 2004 RTP1
4 UEFA Euro 2016 Portugal vs Wales (semi-final) 38.4 75.4% 6 July 2016 RTP1
5 UEFA Euro 2016 Portugal vs France (final) 38.2 78.1% 10 July 2016 RTP1
6 UEFA Euro 2012 Portugal vs The Netherlands (group stage match) 38.1 73.4% 17 June 2012 TVI
7 2014 FIFA World Cup United States vs Portugal (group stage match) 37.8 75.4% 22 June 2014 RTP1
8 UEFA Euro 2004 Portugal vs Greece (final) 37.7 89.7% 4 July 2004 RTP1
9 UEFA Euro 2016 Poland vs Portugal (quarter-final) 37.4 69.9% 30 June 2016 RTP1
10 2006 FIFA World Cup Portugal vs France (semi-final) 37.2 82.3% 5 July 2006 SIC
11 A Próxima Vítima The Last Episode (Brazilian telenovela) 37.1 80.2% 19 January 1996 SIC
12 UEFA Euro 2012 Czech Republic vs Portugal (quarter-final) 36.1 71.7% 21 June 2012 RTP1
13 UEFA Euro 2004 Russia vs Portugal (group stage match) 35.5 81.4% 16 June 2004 SIC
14 UEFA Euro 2016 Portugal vs Iceland (group stage match) 35.1 68.6% 14 June 2016 RTP1
15 UEFA Euro 2004 Spain vs Portugal (group stage match) 34.9 83.2% 20 June 2004 TVI
16 2006 FIFA World Cup Portugal vs The Netherlands (round of 16) 34.9 80.7% 25 June 2006 SIC
17 UEFA Euro 2008 Portugal vs Germany (quarter-finals) 34.5 75.6% 19 June 2008 TVI
18 2015 Portuguese legislative election Debate: António Costa vs. Pedro Passos Coelho 34.1 66% 10 September 2015 RTP1, SIC, TVI
19 2014 FIFA World Cup qualification Sweden vs Portugal (second leg playoff match) 34.1 62.2% 19 November 2013 RTP1
20 UEFA Europa League SL Benfica vs Chelsea FC (final) 33.8 62.3% 16 May 2013 SIC
21 UEFA Euro 2000 France vs. Portugal (Semi-finals) 33.2 76.7% 28 June 2000 RTP1
22 2006 FIFA World Cup Angola vs Portugal (group stage match) 32.8 80.9% 11 June 2006 SIC
23 UEFA Euro 2012 Germany vs Portugal (group stage match) 32.4 68.3% 9 June 2012 RTP1
24 UEFA Champions League Monaco vs Porto (final) 31.7 70.5% 26 May 2004 RTP1
25 UEFA Euro 2016 Croatia vs Portugal (Round of 16) 31.3 70% 26 June 2016 RTP1
26 UEFA Europa League Sevilla FC vs SL Benfica (final) 31.1 61.4% 14 May 2014 SIC
27 UEFA Champions League Real Madrid vs Atlético Madrid (final) 30.8 64.3% 24 May 2014 TVI
28 Terra Nostra Brazilian telenovela 30.8 64% 11 January 2000 SIC
29 2006 FIFA World Cup Portugal vs Iran 30.4 83.1% 17 June 2006 SIC
30 UEFA Europa League Juventus FC vs SL Benfica (semi-final) 30.4 58.9% 1 May 2014 SIC
31 Big Brother Portugal Live eviction show 30.2 72.5% 26 December 2000 TVI
32 UEFA Cup Sporting CP vs CSKA Moscow (Final) 30.1 68.4% 18 May 2005 RTP1
33 Taça de Portugal SL Benfica vs Sporting CP (Sixth round) 29.9 62.6% 26 January 2005 RTP1
34 Torre de Babel Brazilian telenovela 29.8 77.1% 2 April 1999 SIC
35 UEFA Euro 2008 Switzerland vs Portugal 29.8 71.8% 15 June 2008 TVI
36 UEFA Cup Celtic FC vs FC Porto 29.7 67.5% 21 May 2003 SIC
37 2006 FIFA World Cup Germany vs Portugal (Third place play-off) 29.6 78.4% 8 July 2006 SIC
38 2006 FIFA World Cup England vs Portugal (quarter-finals) 29.2 88.1% 1 July 2006 SIC
39 UEFA Champions League Barcelona vs Benfica(quarter-finals) 29.3 65.6% 5 April 2006 RTP1
40 2010 FIFA World Cup Spain vs Portugal (Round of 16) 29.1 75.9% 29 June 2010 RTP1
41 Médico de Família Portuguese TV series 27.9 61.4% 16 March 1999 SIC

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Official site of the Entidade Reguladora para a Comunicação Social (Portuguese)
  2. ^ 2015 | A Evolução in Olhar a Televisão, January 1, 2016. Accessed on January 2, 2016. (Portuguese)
  3. ^ http://caem.pt/images/top30.png
  4. ^ "Audiências de programas antigos". Retrieved 15 May 2014. 
  5. ^ "Juventus-Benfica une quase 3 milhes em frente ao ecr - TV & Media - DN". DN. Retrieved 1 November 2014. 
  6. ^ "TVI leva concorrência a mínimos com a final da "Liga dos Campeões"". A Televisão. Retrieved 1 November 2014. 
  7. ^ "Porto mobiliza audiência". Marktest.com. Marktest. Retrieved 31 March 2015. 
  8. ^ "Audiências Tv em Janeiro". Retrieved 31 March 2015. 
  9. ^ "Audiências Tv em Maio". Retrieved 31 March 2015. 
  10. ^ "Audiências Tv em Julho de 2006". Retrieved 31 March 2015. 
  11. ^ "Audiências Tv em Junho de 2010". Retrieved 31 March 2015. 
  12. ^ "Debate entre Passos e Costa com audiência histórica de 3,4 milhões". Retrieved 10 September 2015. 
  13. ^ "Audiência recorde para o Portugal-França". Retrieved 26 June 2016. 

External links[edit]