Telewizja Polska

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Telewizja Polska S.A.
Lithuania (regional)
SloganBądźmy razem
(Let's be together)
Headquarters17 Woronicza Street
Warsaw, Poland
OwnerGovernment of Poland
Launch date
25 October 1952; 67 years ago (1952-10-25)
Official website

Telewizja Polska S.A. (TVP, or Polish Television) is a Polish state media corporation.[1][2][3][4] It is the largest Polish television network. About a third of TVP's income comes from a broadcast receiver licence and the largest television network in Poland. About a third of TVP's income comes from a broadcast receiver licence, while the rest is covered by government subsidies, commercials and sponsorships.

Timeline of Polish TV service[edit]

TVP headquarters at 17 Jan Paweł Woronicz Street (ul. Jana Pawła Woronicza), Warsaw, Poland[5]
  • 1935: The PIT (Państwowy Instytut Telekomunikacyjny - National Telecommunications Institute) starts working together with Polish Radio on establishing the first television service.
  • 1937: Completion of the first black-and-white broadcasting station.
  • 1938: Experimental channel launched, regular programming scheduled for 1941.
  • 1939: All equipment destroyed by the German Army.
  • 1947: PIT resumes work on television broadcasting.
  • 1951: First Polish telecast after the Second World War.
  • 1952: Beginning of regular programming.
  • 1958: Newscast Dziennik Telewizyjny ("Journal") was founded.
  • 1970: TVP2 was founded.
  • 1971: Start of colour broadcasting (in SECAM).
  • 1989: Introduction of a teletext service.
  • 1989: Dziennik Telewizyjny was replaced by Wiadomości ("News").
  • 1992: Telewizja Polska Spółka Akcyjna comes into existence upon the separation of television and radio public broadcasting by an act of parliament.
  • 1992: TVP Polonia starts test transmissions.
  • 1993: Polskie Radio i Telewizja (Polish Radio and Television) joins the European Broadcasting Union as an active member (regrouping of OIRT and UER).
  • 1994: Beginning of the change over from SECAM to PAL for all channels except TVP1.
  • 1995: Change over from SECAM to PAL was completed as TVP1 moved to this colour standard.
  • 2003: Change of TVP logotype.
  • 2009: New main headquarters building opened in Warsaw.
  • 2013: Analogue terrestrial television was switched-off

TVP channels[edit]

Bolded channels are accessible in Poland via DVB-T. TVP HD and TVP Seriale are pay television. TVP Polonia, TVP Info and TVP Historia are also available on DVB-T in Lithuania.

General and regional channels[edit]

  • TVP1: mostly news, current affairs, movies, dramas, children's and sports. Broadcasts 23.5 hours per day.
  • TVP2: mostly news, movies, comedy, soap operas, series, stand-up comedy, culture, sports and game shows. Broadcasts 23.5 hours per day.
Audience share in 2013 [6]
Channel Total viewing (%)
TVP1 13.17%
TVP2 10.30%
TVP Info 2.61%
TVP Seriale 1.14%
TVP Polonia 0.68%
TVP Rozrywka 0.48%
TVP Historia 0.45%
TVP Kultura 0.41%
TVP HD 0.37%
TVP3 0.36%
TVP4 0.00%
TVP6 0.00%
TVP Sport 0.29%
Belsat 0.29%
TVP Parlament 0.09%
Poland In 0.01%
Total 30.26%

HD channels[edit]

  • TVP1 HD: HD version of TVP1, introduced 1 June 2012;
  • TVP2 HD: HD version of TVP2, introduced 1 June 2012;
  • TVP Info HD: HD version of TVP Info, introduced 30 September 2016;
  • TVP HD: the best productions of TVP in HD, introduced 6 August 2008;
  • TVP Sport HD: HD version of TVP Sport, introduced 12 January 2014.
  • TVP Kultura HD: HD version of TVP Kultura, introduced 23 October 2019.

Specialty channels[edit]

  • TVP Info: news channel. Broadcasts 24 hours per day.
  • TVP Historia: focusing on history. Broadcasts 20 hours per day.
  • TVP Kultura: high-brow culture channel. Broadcasts 21 hours per day.
  • TVP Rozrywka: focusing on entertainment available on cable, satellite and DSL. Broadcasts 21 hours per day.
  • TVP Seriale: focusing on series. Broadcasts 22 hours per day.
  • TVP Sport: sport channel. Broadcasts 24 hours per day.
  • TVP ABC: Children's channel. Broadcasts 18 hours per day.
  • TVP Parlament: parliamentary channel. Broadcasts online.
  • TVP Eszkoła: education channel. Broadcasts online and 4 hours per day.

International channels[edit]

  • TVP Polonia – retransmits selected TVP programming for the Polish diaspora (the so-called Polonia) in the US, Canada, Latin America, Australia and New Zealand, South Africa, Europe, and the Caucasus. Broadcasts 24 hours per day.
  • Belsat TV – channel in the Belarusian language presenting news and subject-specific programming for the people of western Belarus. Broadcasts 16 hours per day.
  • TVP Wilno – channel presenting news and programming for the Polish diaspora in the Vilnius region of Lithuania, available in DVB-T in this country.


In the late 2010s, TVP has been criticized for becoming unduly biased towards the ruling Law and Justice (PiS) party.[7] In 2018, The Economist noted: "the [TVP] anchors... praise PiS slavishly while branding its critics treacherous crypto-communists.[8]

The press freedom organisation Reporters Without Borders wrote in its 2019 assessment of Polish press freedom that "many blamed state-owned TV broadcaster TVP’s 'hate propaganda' for Gdansk mayor Pawel Adamowicz's murder in January 2019."[1]

During the 5 years of PiS rule and more often in the 2020 Polish presidential election, TVP has become a tool of government propaganda, attacking political opponents, spreads government hate and slander, preventing the opposition from expressing its views.[9][10][11]

International cooperation[edit]

TVP has an agreement with the BBC, under which they will work together on film and television productions.[12]

The French-German TV liberal arts network ARTE cancelled a 15-year cooperation with TVP,[13] when it learned in February 2009 that TVP's general director, Piotr Farfał, was a member of the League of Polish Families, which opposed Arte’s "philosophy based on intercultural exchange"[14] and "the party that TVP's chairman is presently connected with does not share European values".[15] It was again cancelled in January 2016 after an amendment of the media law in Poland, which caused fears of a lack of pluralism and independence of TVP.[16]

Logo history[edit]

  • 1952–1992: white-red inscription TP.
  • 1992–2003: Green letter T, red V, blue P, and the word TELEWIZJA POLSKA S.A. and three stripes: red, green and blue. In addition to letters three lines.
  • 2003–present: TVP logo and lettering TELEWIZJA POLSKA.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "Poland". Reporters Without Borders.
  2. ^ "Poland's State Media Is Government's Biggest Booster Before Election". The New York Times.
  3. ^ "Poland's media battle gets political".
  4. ^ "Polish government to 'repolonize' media in next term, deputy PM says". Reuters.
  5. ^ "Redakcja" (in Polish). TVP S.A. Retrieved 2012-08-19.
  6. ^ "TVP1, TVN, Polsat i TVP2 mocno w dół w 2013 r. (top 122)". 2 January 2014.
  7. ^ ‘Cruder than the Communists’: Polish TV goes all out for rightwing vote The Guardian, 2019
  8. ^ "Poland's ruling Law and Justice party is doing lasting damage". The Economist. Retrieved 2018-04-27.
  9. ^ "Polish public broadcaster peddles government hate speech in presidential election run-up". Reporters Without Borders. 24 June 2020. Archived from the original on 1 July 2020.
  10. ^ "For a bitter taste of Polish populism, just watch the evening news". TheGuardian. 25 June 2020. Archived from the original on 1 July 2020.
  11. ^ Santora, Marc; Berendt, Joanna (2019-10-11). "Poland's State Media Is Government's Biggest Booster Before Election". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2020-07-11.
  12. ^ "TVP stawia na współpracę z BBC. Nowe produkcje". Retrieved 12 July 2015.
  13. ^ Archived 2012-07-08 at
  14. ^ "Libertas to cut links with controversial Polish political party". The Irish Times. 19 March 2009. Retrieved 12 July 2015.
  15. ^ Nick Holdsworth. "Dual peril for Poland's top pubcaster". Variety. Retrieved 12 July 2015.
  16. ^ Francuska TV ARTE zrywa współpracę z TVP (in Polish)

External links[edit]