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Telexistence[1] is fundamentally a concept named for the general technology that enables a human being to have a real-time sensation of being at a place other than where they actually exist, and being able to interact with the remote environment, which may be real, virtual, or a combination of both. It also refers to an advanced type of teleoperation system that enables an operator at the control to perform remote tasks dexterously with the feeling of existing in a surrogate robot working in a remote environment. Telexistence in the real environment through a virtual environment is also possible. This concept was first proposed by Susumu Tachi in Japan in 1980[2] and 1981[3] as patents and the first report was published in Japanese in 1982[4] and in English in 1984.[5]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Susumu Tachi, Telexistence, World Scientific Publishing Company, ISBN 978-981-283-633-5, 2009
  2. ^ S.Tachi, K.Tanie and K.Komoriya: Evaluation device of mobility aids for the blind, Japanese Patent 1462696 filed on December 26, 1980.
  3. ^ S.Tachi, K.Tanie and K.Komoriya: Operation method of manipulators with sensoryinformation display functions, Japanese Patent 1458263 filed on January 14, 1981.
  4. ^ S.Tachi and M.Abe: Study on Telexistence (I) -Desigan of Visual Display-, Proceedings of the 21st SICE Annual Conference, pp.167-168, Tokyo, July 28–30, 1982.
  5. ^ S. Tachi, K. Tanie, K. Komoriya and M. Kaneko, Tele-existence (I): Design and Evaluation of a Visual Display with Sensation of Presence, RoManSy 84 The Fifth CISM-IFToMM Symposium. 1984: 206–215.