Telfair County, Georgia
|Telfair County, Georgia|
Telfair County Courthouse in McRae
Location in the state of Georgia
Georgia's location in the U.S.
|Founded||December 10, 1807|
|Named for||Edward Telfair|
|• Total||444 sq mi (1,150 km2)|
|• Land||437 sq mi (1,132 km2)|
|• Water||6.7 sq mi (17 km2), 1.5%|
|• Density||38/sq mi (15/km²)|
|Time zone||Eastern: UTC-5/-4|
Archaeologists associated with Atlanta's Fernbank Museum of Natural History have been excavating a 2,000-acre (8.1 km2) plot near McRae, approximately a mile away from the Ocmulgee River. They have found evidence of a Spanish settlement dating back to the first half of the 16th century. The archaeologists suspect that the artifacts originated from a settlement founded by Lucas Vázquez de Ayllón in 1526.
Additional research suggested that the site was one visited by the de Soto Expedition of 1541. They recovered Murano glass beads, which would have been brought for trading with Native Americans; pottery fragments, and iron weapons. Some of the beads bear a chevron pattern, which is believed to be a hallmark of the de Soto expedition, due to the limited timespan in which such beads were produced. Excavations have also produced six metal objects, including three iron tools and a silver pendant. This is further west than scholars had earlier believed that the de Soto expedition had traveled.
|“||What we have now is the best-documented collection of Spanish artifacts in Georgia, many are unique, and they are the only examples of certain artifacts ever found outside Florida.||”|
—- Archaeologist Dennis Blanton 2009
The county was originally built up chiefly by Scottish immigrants.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 444 square miles (1,150 km2), of which 437 square miles (1,130 km2) is land and 6.7 square miles (17 km2) (1.5%) is water. The county contains at least 50 artesian wells. Telfair is in the Ocmulgee River basin.
- Wheeler County (northeast)
- Jeff Davis County (southeast)
- Coffee County (south)
- Ben Hill County (southwest)
- Wilcox County (west)
- Dodge County (northwest)
- Laurens County(north)
|U.S. Decennial Census
As of the census of 2000, there were 11,794 people, 4,140 households, and 2,873 families residing in the county. The population density was 27 people per square mile (10/km²). There were 5,083 housing units at an average density of 12 per square mile (4/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 59.71% White, 38.44% Black or African American, 0.03% Native American, 0.20% Asian, 1.16% from other races, and 0.47% from two or more races. 1.82% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 4,140 households out of which 31.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.40% were married couples living together, 16.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.60% were non-families. 28.40% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 3.01.
In the county the population was spread out with 22.50% under the age of 18, 10.30% from 18 to 24, 30.10% from 25 to 44, 22.30% from 45 to 64, and 14.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 110.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 113.20 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $26,097, and the median income for a family was $32,513. Males had a median income of $26,444 versus $19,970 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,197. About 17.30% of families and 21.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.40% of those under age 18 and 23.70% of those age 65 or over.
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Telfair County, Georgia
- List of sites and peoples visited by the Hernando de Soto Expedition
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 26, 2014.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
- "Archaeologists Track Infamous Conquistador Through Southeast". Science Daily. Retrieved November 9, 2009.
- Davis, Mark, "What Lies Beneath," Atlanta Journal-Constitution, December 17, 2007, page C1.
- Pousner, Howard, "Fernbank archaeologist confident he has found de Soto site," Atlanta Journal-Constitution, November 6, 2009.
- Hellmann, Paul T. (May 13, 2013). Historical Gazetteer of the United States. Routledge. p. 239. Retrieved November 30, 2013.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 26, 2014.
- "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved June 26, 2014.
- "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 26, 2014.
- "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 26, 2014.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 14, 2011.
||Dodge County||Wheeler County|
|Ben Hill County||Coffee County||Jeff Davis County|