Tell Mar Elias

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Tell Mar Elias
Telmarelias.jpg
Tell Mar Elias in 2005
Tell Mar Elias is located in Jordan
Tell Mar Elias
Shown within Jordan
RegionAjloun Governorate, Jordan
Coordinates32°21′44″N 35°43′20″E / 32.36222°N 35.72222°E / 32.36222; 35.72222Coordinates: 32°21′44″N 35°43′20″E / 32.36222°N 35.72222°E / 32.36222; 35.72222
TypeTell

Tell Mar Elias is a tell, i. e. an archaeological mound, located slightly outside the town limits and northwest of Ajloun in the Ajloun Governorate, northern Jordan, in the historical region of Gilead. "Elias" is the Latin and Arabic form for Elijah, the prophet whom the Hebrew Bible's 1 Kings calls "the Tishbite" (1 Kings 17: 1), which can be interpreted to mean that he lived, or was even born, in a town named Tishbe. The ruins of the historical town of Listib ("el-Ishtib" or "el-Istib" in Arabic) have been traditionally identified with Tishbe, and are located just across a valley from the tell.[1] The ruins of a Byzantine monastery dedicated to prophet Elijah and including two churches can be seen on the tell.[2][3]

Archaeology[edit]

Because of its proximity to the assumed location of the religiously significant Tishbe, two Christian churches were erected on the tell during the Byzantine period,[2] a smaller one in the 4th-5th, and a large one in the 6th century CE.[3] The later is among the largest known Byzantine churches from Jordan.[citation needed] The Byzantine monastery with the two churches has been recently excavated by Jordanian archaeologists.[3] A mosaic inscription, part of one of the church floors, mentions prophet Elijah.[3] Artifacts from the site, including marble carvings and small metal religious objects, are displayed in the archaeological museum of nearby Ajloun Castle.[citation needed]

Significance in Islam[edit]

"Respect for the spirit of Nebhī-Ilyâs", as the prophet Elias is called in the Koran, "is given to a grove of oak trees above the ruins" of the Byzantine churches there.[citation needed]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1915), Tishbite, via BiblicalTraining.org, accessed 2020-01-13
  2. ^ a b Jordan Tourism Board, Religion & Faith: Tall Mar Elias, accessed 28 September 2017.
  3. ^ a b c d e Tedd Bolen, Upper Gilead: Tishbe, Home of Elijah, on BiblePlaces.com, accessed 2020-01-13

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