3D model (JSmol)
|Molar mass||127.60 g·mol−1|
|Conjugate acid||Hydrogen telluride|
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
- Te(s) + 2 e− ↔ Te2−
Although solutions of the telluride dianion have not been reported, soluble salts of bitelluride (TeH−) are known.
- 2 CH3I + Na2Te → (CH3)2Te + 2 NaI
Dimethyl telluride is formed by the body when tellurium is ingested. Such compounds are often called telluroethers because they are structurally related to ethers with tellurium replacing oxygen, although the length of the C–Te bond is much longer than a C–O bond. C–Te–C angles tend to be closer to 90°.
Many metal tellurides are known, including some telluride minerals. These include natural gold tellurides, like calaverite and krennerite (AuTe2), and sylvanite (AgAuTe4). They are minor ores of gold, although they comprise the major naturally occurring compounds of gold. (A few other natural compounds of gold, such as the bismuthide maldonite (Au2Bi) and antimonide aurostibite (AuSb2), are known). Although the bonding in such materials is often fairly covalent, they are described casually as salts of Te2−. Using this approach, Ag2Te is derived from Ag+ and Te2−.
Tellurides have no large scale applications. Cadmium telluride has attractive photovoltaic properties. Both bismuth telluride and lead telluride are exceptional thermoelectric materials. Some of these thermolectric materials have been commercialized.
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