Tellurols are analogues of alcohols and phenols where tellurium replaces oxygen. Tellurols, selenols, and thiols have similar properties, but tellurols are the least stable. Although they are fundamental representatives of organotellurium compounds, tellurols are lightly studied because of their instability. Tellurol derivatives include telluroesters (RC(O)TeR') and tellurocyanates (RTeCN).
Alkyltellurols are yellow liquids with a strong odors. Aryltellurols form colorless crystals. More stable than these compounds are the organoelement tellurols. These fairly stable compounds have the formulae (Me3Si)3CTeH, (Me3Si)3SiTeH, and (Me3Si)3GeTeH.
The acidity of tellurols can be inferred by the acidity and dissociation constant of hydrogen telluride, H2Te, which has a (first) pKa of 2.64 corresponding to a dissociation constant of 2.3 × 10−3.5. H2Te has a lower pKa and higher dissociation constant than H2S and H2Se.
The absence of hydrogen-bonding explains the low boiling temperature of tellurols. The Te–H bond in tellurols is weak. Tellurols are easily oxidized and decompose thermally. Ultraviolet light also induces decomposition. Methanetellurol decomposes to dimethyl ditelluride and hydrogen.
- Igor D Sadekov and A V Zakharov 1999 "Stable tellurols and their metal derivatives" Russ. Chem. Rev. 1999, vol. 68, 909.
- Brahim Khater, Jean-Claude Guillemin, Gábor Bajor, Tamás Veszprémi "Functionalized Tellurols: Synthesis, Spectroscopic Characterization by Photoelectron Spectroscopy, and Quantum Chemical Study" Inorganic Chemistry 2008 volume 47, p. 1502-1511. doi:10.1021/ic701791h
- Patai, Saul, and Zvi Rappoport. The Chemistry of Organic Selenium and Tellurium Compounds. Vol. 1. Chichester England: Wiley, 1986.