|Preferred IUPAC name
3D model (JSmol)
|Molar mass||192.69 g·mol−1|
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
Telluropyrylium is an aromatic heterocyclic compound consisting of a six member ring with five carbon atoms, and a positively charged tellurium atom. Derivatives of telluropyrylium are important in research of infrared dyes.
Naming and numbering
Formerly it was named tellurapyrylium. However this is misleading, as "tellura" indicates that tellurium substitutes for carbon atom, but actually tellurium is substituted for the oxygen atom in pyrilium. In the Hantzsch-Widman system it is called tellurinium. This is the name used by Chemical Abstracts. Replacement nomenclature would call this telluroniabenzene.
Numbering in telluropyrylium starts with 1 on the tellurium atom and counts up to 6 counter-clockwise on the carbon atoms. The positions adjacent to the chalcogen, numbered 2 and 6 can also be called α, the next two positions 3 and 5 can be termed "β" and the opposite carbon at position 4 can be called "γ".
The positive charge is not confined to the tellurium atom in telluropyrylium, but distributes on the ring in several resonance structures, so that the α and γ positions have some positive charge. A nucleophillic attack targets these carbon atoms.
The shape of the telluropyrylium molecule is not a prefect hexagon, as the bond lengths to the tellurium atom at about 2.068 Å compared to about 1.4 Å for the carbon-carbon bonds. The angle at the tellurium atom is also reduced to about 94°, angles at the α and γ carbon atoms in the ring are about 122° and at the β positions 129°. The whole ring is bent so that it forms a boat shape with an angles of 8.7° on the Te-γ axis. (This was measured in the crystal structure of tetraphenyl telluropyrylium-pyrylium monomethine fluoroborate.
When the ring of telluropyrylium is fused with other aromatic rings larger aromatic structures such as tellurochromenylium, telluroflavylium, and telluroxanthylium result.
- 6-membered aromatic rings with one carbon replaced by another group: borabenzene, silabenzene, germabenzene, stannabenzene, pyridine, phosphorine, arsabenzene, stibabenzene, bismabenzene, pyrylium, thiopyrylium, selenopyrylium
- International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (2014). Nomenclature of Organic Chemistry: IUPAC Recommendations and Preferred Names 2013. The Royal Society of Chemistry. p. 1097. doi:10.1039/9781849733069. ISBN 978-0-85404-182-4.
- Doddi, Giancarlo; Ercolani, Gianfranco (1994). Thiopyrylium, Selenopyrylium, and Telluropyrylium Salts. Advances in Heterocyclic Chemistry. Vol. 60. pp. 65–195. doi:10.1016/S0065-2725(08)60182-8. ISBN 9780120207602.
- Sugimoto, Toyonari (1981). "Reactions of Pyrylium, Thiopyrylium and Selenopyrylium Salts and Their Application to Synthetic Utility". Journal of Synthetic Organic Chemistry, Japan. 39 (1): 1–13. doi:10.5059/yukigoseikyokaishi.39.1.
- Detty, Michael R.; O'regan, Marie B. (1994). "Telluropyrylium Compounds". Chemistry of Heterocyclic Compounds: Tellurium-Containing Heterocycles. Chemistry of Heterocyclic Compounds: A Series of Monographs. Wiley. pp. 219–289. doi:10.1002/9780470187937.ch4. ISBN 9780470187937.