Telugu language policy

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Black outdoor statue with an orange garland
Statue of Telugu Talli, symbol of the Telugu people

Telugu language policy is an issue in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh, where Telugu is the first language of 93 percent[citation needed] of the population. Telugu-language advocates note a lack of incentivisation and government support for the language, and press for their linguistic rights for Telugu's greater official[clarification needed] in the recognition and promotion.[citation needed]

Present status[edit]

Instruction in Telugu as a subject at the primary, secondary and tertiary levels is not compulsory, and the medium of education need not be Telugu at the primary and secondary levels. This policy encourages English-language schools, and educated Telugu people are slowly losing their ability to read and write in Telugu.[citation needed] In some English-language schools, speaking in Telugu by students is punished.[1]

UNESCO has advised that the Telugu language might die over the next 15 years if the present policy of discouragement continues.[citation needed]

Many educated Telugu people began travelling around the world in search of knowledge-based jobs, and have observed that many countries are prospering faster than India by imparting education in their native languages without depending on English.[citation needed] Throughout India, native-language advocates are demanding less reliance on English. An expenditure of less than one day’s gross domestic product (GDP) of Andhra Pradesh could achieve Telugu parity, if the state government is dedicated to Telugu-language development.[citation needed] No country in the world has attained developed status without imparting education in its native language.[citation needed]

The evolution of English as an international language is an example of the English people’s love, dedication and untiring efforts to develop their language.[citation needed] In the United Kingdom, Welsh (a minority language) is encouraged. The legal status of Welsh in the UK (spoken by about 750,000 people) is far better than the status of Telugu in India, where it is spoken by 85 million people.[citation needed]

Telugu promotion[edit]

In 2012 the Andhra Pradesh official-language commission resumed its activities, and was tasked with organizing the fourth World Telugu Conference (WTC) after a 22-year hiatus. The conference was a success, with 5,000 Telugu delegates from all over the world meeting in Tirupati.[2]

Implementations[edit]

  • Compulsory subject up to the 10th standard in the state beginning in the 2013-14 academic year.[3]
  • In 2012, the government of Andhra Pradesh announced that all shop and business signs must be written prominently in Telugu.[4]
  • Teachers who punish students speaking Telugu on school premises will be sanctioned, with persistently-offending schools de-recognized.[5][6]
  • Joining the World Unicode Consortium and developing a Unicode-based script for Telugu.[7]
  • Official correspondence from the village to the state-secretariat level will be in Telugu, with all official documents signed in Telugu.[8]
  • Annual statewide events, such as Telugu Language Day (celebrated on Gidugu Venkata Ramamoorty's birthday),[9] International Mother Tongue Day, Official Language Day,[10] and Charles Phillip Brown's birthday[11] to inspire Telugu-language development.
  • 2 million to each district to promote Telugu language and culture in 2012–2013.[12]
  • Greetingss and awards by the state government for encouraging correspondence in Telugu.
  • All court proceedings and judgments, except for the High Court, will be in Telugu.[13][14]
  • The state government proclaimed 2013 as Telugu Development Year.[15][16]

Initiatives[edit]

  • A ministry will be formed to promote Telugu,[17] translating books, expanding vocabulary and reviving Telugu fine arts and literature academies.[18] software requirement,[19]
  • Preference for Telugu-medium students in state-government hiring[20]

Voluntary initiatives[edit]

Print and visual Telugu media have taken steps to reduce English in Telugu programs, using appropriate alternate Telugu words.[21] The Andhra Cricket Association has translated the National Cricket Academy's (NCA) coaching manuals into Telugu.[22]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Girl caned for speaking Telugu in school". 9 March 2012. Retrieved 17 March 2013. 
  2. ^ "PM Manmohan Singh lauds Telugu people". 29 December 2012. Retrieved 17 March 2013. 
  3. ^ "Telugu to be compulsory in State schools". 29 January 2013. Retrieved 17 March 2013. 
  4. ^ "Shop signs must be in Telugu In Andhra Pradesh". 24 November 2012. Retrieved 17 March 2013. 
  5. ^ "Private schools warned against discouraging Telugu". 26 October 2012. Retrieved 17 March 2013. 
  6. ^ "It's going to be Telugu 'Velugu' vs English-Vinglish". Retrieved 17 March 2013. 
  7. ^ "Telugu set to become world language". 9 September 2011. Retrieved 17 March 2013. 
  8. ^ "Officials appending signatures in Telugu". 7 February 2013. Retrieved 17 March 2013. 
  9. ^ "Celebrate Telugu language – Remembering Gidugu Ramamurthy". 30 August 2012. Retrieved 17 March 2013. 
  10. ^ "May 14 is official language day in AP". 5-2-2013. Retrieved 17 March 2013.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  11. ^ "Brown, father of modern day Telugu language". 2 November 2008. Retrieved 17 March 2013. 
  12. ^ "Efforts to promote Telugu language to get a fillip". Retrieved 17 March 2013. 
  13. ^ "Chief Minister N Kiran Kumar Reddy endorses use of Telugu in judiciary". Retrieved 17 March 2013. 
  14. ^ "Stress on use of mother tongue in courts". 10 March 2013. Retrieved 17 March 2013. 
  15. ^ "2013 declared Telugu Development Year". Retrieved 27 March 2013. 
  16. ^ "Rs. 25 crore allocated for 'Telugu Baata'". Retrieved 27 March 2013. 
  17. ^ "Separate ministry to promote Telugu: CM". 28 December 2012. Retrieved 17 March 2013. 
  18. ^ "Plan to revive fine arts, literature academies: Buddha Prasad". 9 February 2013. Retrieved 17 March 2013. 
  19. ^ "CM gets award for success of Telugu conference held in USA". 18 February 2012. Retrieved 17 March 2013. 
  20. ^ "Weightage for Telugu medium students in govt jobs likely". 2012-11-26. Retrieved 17 March 2013. 
  21. ^ "Telugu language slowly back on track in media". 2012-12-20. Retrieved 17 March 2013. 
  22. ^ "National Cricket Academy coaching manual in Telugu". 2012-07-30. Retrieved 17 March 2013. 

External links[edit]