Temanggung Regency

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Temanggung Regency
Kabupaten Temanggung
ꦏꦨꦸꦥꦠꦺꦤ꧀ꦠꦼꦩꦔ꧀ꦒꦸꦁ
Rice fields in Pringsurat, Temanggung Regency
Rice fields in Pringsurat, Temanggung Regency
Coat of arms of Temanggung Regency
Motto(s): 
Swadaya Bhumi Phala
(Raising the yields by self-subsistent)
Location within Central Java
Location within Central Java
Temanggung Regency is located in Java
Temanggung Regency
Temanggung Regency
Location in Java and Indonesia
Temanggung Regency is located in Indonesia
Temanggung Regency
Temanggung Regency
Temanggung Regency (Indonesia)
Coordinates: 7°18′S 110°10′E / 7.300°S 110.167°E / -7.300; 110.167
CountryIndonesia
RegionJava
ProvinceCentral Java
Named forTemanggung Village
CapitalTemanggung
Government
 • BodyLocal Government of Temanggung Regency
 • RegentM Al Khadziq
Area
 • Total870.65 km2 (336.16 sq mi)
Population
 (2020 Census)[1]
 • Total790,174
 • Density910/km2 (2,400/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+7 (IWST)
Area code(+62) 293
Vehicle registrationAA
Websitetemanggungkab.go.id

Temanggung Regency (Indonesian: Kabupaten Temanggung) is a regency in the Central Java Province of Indonesia. It covers a land area of 870.65 km2 and had a population of 708,546 at the 2010 Census[2] and 790,174 at the 2020 Census.[3] Its capital is the town of Temanggung.

All travellers going to the Dieng temple complex from Yogya or Semarang have to pass through this regency.

Temanggung Regency is famous for longan, a small sweet fruit that is harvested in January and February.

Geography[edit]

Temanggung Regency is located on the volcanic Dieng Plateau with an average elevation between 500 and 1450 meters. It is landlocked. The volcanoes Mount Sundoro and Mount Sumbing rise on its border with the Wonosobo Regency. Its major drainage system is the Progo River and its tributaries.

Borders[edit]

It is bordered by:

Administrative districts[edit]

Temanggung Regency is divided into the following twenty districts (kecamatan), listed below with their areas and their populations at the 2010 Census and the 2020 Census.[4] The table also includes the number of administrative villages (rural desa and urban kelurahan) in each district.

Name Area
in
km2
Pop'n
Census
2010
Pop'n
Census
2020
No.
of
vill.
Parakan 22.23 49,024 53,322 16
Kledung 32.21 24,280 27,652 13
Bansari 22.54 21,583 23,973 13
Bulu 43.04 44,068 48,745 19
Temanggung
(district)
33.39 76,037 82,929 25
Tlogomulyo 24.84 21,198 23,270 12
Tembarak 26.84 27,773 31,227 13
Selopampang 17.29 17,672 20,244 12
Kranggan 57.61 42,894 49,212 13
Pringsurat 57.27 46,204 52,209 14
Kaloran 63.92 39,749 45,064 14
Kandangan 78.36 45,998 52,145 16
Kedu 34.96 53,134 59,147 14
Ngadirejo 53.31 50,168 56,142 20
Jumo 29.32 27,212 29,837 13
Gemawang 67.11 30,472 33,518 10
Candiroto 59.94 29,554 32,509 14
Bejen 68.84 18,837 21,399 14
Tretep 33.65 19,051 21,229 11
Wonoboyo 43.98 23,638 26,401 13
Totals 870.65 708,546 790,174 289

All districts bear the same name as their administrative centres, except Parakan District (of which the centre is Parakan Wetan) and Temanggung District (of which the centre is Jampirejo).

Communities[edit]

The major towns of Temanggung Regency, aside from the capital of Temanggung, include Candiroto, Jumo, Kaloran, Kandangan, Kranggan, Muntung, Ngadirejo, Parakan, and Tretep.

Climate[edit]

Temanggung has an elevation moderated tropical rainforest climate (Af) with moderate rainfall from June to September and heavy to very heavy rainfall from October to May. The following climate data is for the town of Temanggung.

Climate data for Temanggung
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 26.9
(80.4)
27.0
(80.6)
27.5
(81.5)
27.9
(82.2)
28.2
(82.8)
28.3
(82.9)
28.3
(82.9)
28.8
(83.8)
29.0
(84.2)
29.1
(84.4)
28.0
(82.4)
27.0
(80.6)
28.0
(82.4)
Daily mean °C (°F) 22.9
(73.2)
22.9
(73.2)
23.3
(73.9)
23.5
(74.3)
23.8
(74.8)
23.3
(73.9)
23.0
(73.4)
23.2
(73.8)
23.6
(74.5)
24.1
(75.4)
23.6
(74.5)
22.8
(73.0)
23.3
(74.0)
Average low °C (°F) 18.9
(66.0)
18.9
(66.0)
19.2
(66.6)
19.2
(66.6)
19.4
(66.9)
18.4
(65.1)
17.7
(63.9)
17.7
(63.9)
18.3
(64.9)
19.1
(66.4)
19.2
(66.6)
18.7
(65.7)
18.7
(65.7)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 343
(13.5)
310
(12.2)
353
(13.9)
251
(9.9)
161
(6.3)
90
(3.5)
74
(2.9)
62
(2.4)
89
(3.5)
150
(5.9)
239
(9.4)
331
(13.0)
2,453
(96.4)
Source: Climate-Data.org[5]

History[edit]

After World War II, Temanggung Regency was one of the areas in central Java where the Communist Party (PKI) had its rural strongholds. In the 21st century Temanggung Regency provided a hideout for members of the Islamist Jemaah Islamiyah.[6]

Religion[edit]

Altar for Mass celebration and statue of the Holy Family in the Saint Mary Rawaseneng Prayer Garden, in the Monastery of Saint Mary Rawaseneng [id] complex

The majority of the population of the Temanggung Regency is Muslim. It was once predominantly Hindu for thousands of years. The oldest stone structure in Indonesia is found here; four temples of Shiva, and one of the trinity of Hinduism. Though there were 400, only four remain.[7]

Economy[edit]

The big cash crop in the Temanggung Regency is tobacco.[8] Other cash crops include patchouli oil, honey and soy oil. The traditional herbal medicine, jamu, is the basis of a local industry, as is the production of cigars. Silkworms are raised in the area around the town of Candiroto.

Transportation[edit]

There is a rail line from Parakan through the town of Temanggung south to Magelang and on to junction with the coastal rail lines;[9] however, it is currently closed by the government due to the operational costs.

Culture and tourism[edit]

A female dancer performing Kuda Lumping in Cemoro Village, Temanggung
  • Gondosuli Temple – A newly discovered temple located 13 km from the town of Temanggung.
  • Kledung – a scenic pass between Mount Sumbing (3371 M) and Mount Sundoro (3133 M), it is crossed at around 2340 M. Located 20 km from Temanggung, it is a site for relaxing and mountaineering.[citation needed]
  • Jumprit – a pool on the slope of Mount Sundoro, located 22 km from Temanggung. The water is cool and clean, and to some meditators considered as a holy place.[citation needed]
  • Pringapus Temple- located near Jumprit. It was built by Sanjaya kingdom.
  • Pakitan and Parakan – two small towns in the regency. Pakitan is situated between the hills, and has a cool climate.
  • Meteorit – located in Wonotirto subdistrict Bulu
  • Mbelang Sari Hills – a hill which borders on three different areas, located in Mblawong
  • Water Fall Trocoh / Curug Trocoh – Located in Wonoboyo

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2021.
  2. ^ Biro Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2011
  3. ^ Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2021.
  4. ^ Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2021.
  5. ^ "Climate: Temanggung". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 12 November 2020.
  6. ^ Blomfield, Adrian (8 August 2009) "Police foil plot to kill Indonesian president after raid on top terror suspect" The Telegraph (UK)
  7. ^ Staff (8 February 2011) "Indonesia: Angry Muslim crowd attacks Java churches" BBC News
  8. ^ Hanusz, Mark (2000) Kretek: The culture and heritage of Indonesia's clove cigarettes Equinox Publishing, Jakarta, Indonesia, page 82, ISBN 979-95898-0-0
  9. ^ "Indonesia 1:250,000 topographic map, Series T503, Jogjakarta SB49-14" US Army Mapping Service, October 1959

External links[edit]

Media related to Temanggung Regency at Wikimedia Commons

Coordinates: 7°18′S 110°10′E / 7.300°S 110.167°E / -7.300; 110.167