Temba, Gauteng

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Temba
Temba is located in Gauteng
Temba
Temba
 Temba shown within Gauteng
Temba is located in South Africa
Temba
Temba
Temba (South Africa)
Temba is located in Africa
Temba
Temba
Temba (Africa)
Coordinates: 25°24′S 28°16′E / 25.4°S 28.26°E / -25.4; 28.26Coordinates: 25°24′S 28°16′E / 25.4°S 28.26°E / -25.4; 28.26
Country South Africa
Province Gauteng
Municipality City of Tshwane
Area[1]
 • Total 21.81 km2 (8.42 sq mi)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 58,431
 • Density 2,700/km2 (6,900/sq mi)
Racial makeup (2011)[1]
 • Black African 99.0%
 • Coloured 0.3%
 • Indian/Asian 0.2%
 • White 0.1%
 • Other 0.4%
First languages (2011)[1]
 • Tswana 49.4%
 • Northern Sotho 15.6%
 • Tsonga 11.5%
 • S. Ndebele 7.1%
 • Other 16.3%
Time zone UTC+2 (SAST)
Postal code (street) 0407
PO box 0407
Area code 012

Temba is a town in City of Tshwane Metropolitan Municipality in the Gauteng province of South Africa.

Temba is located in the greater Hammanskraal area which includes Mahube and Mathibestad. Tswana speaking people have lived in the area known as Temba from the 1700s. In the 19th century, Amandebele-a-Lebelo settled the area known as Hammanskraal among groups of Tswana speaking people. The main patriarchs of this Ndebele clan were the Kekana confederacy. The Kekana clan remains the dominant Ndebele authority over the Hammanskraal Area but the Tswana speaking people of the area primarily form part of the Bakgatla and the Bakwena groups. The arrival of Europeans in the late 19th century created demarcated traditional area's with tribal foundations. The group area's act of 1913 also limited the expansion of the area.

The Amandebele-A-Lebelo were used to farming and grazing cattle on extensive pieces of land and soon they had too little to provide for the lively hoods of their people in the space of growing populations wherein they couldn't expand on their territorial vicinity.

In the 1940s, the Transvaal brought people in trucks from Orlando, Klipsruit and Lady Selbourne and a town of Sofasonke emerged. Sofasonke is Nguni for "We shall die together". The chief of the Kekana was requested by the Transvaal Government to allow the people to use their schools, churches and facilities. In the 1950s the tent town was developed into a space of permanent structures. Furthermore, tribal authorities, the state, and private businessmen invested money in a grand plan to house large numbers of migrant workers. This new development was seen as a new glimmer of hope. It was subsequently renamed to the Nguni name place of hope Temba.

In the 1940s, the area fell under the Bophuthatswana[2] homeland government. The territory of Temba formed part of the North Eastern block of the Bophuthatswana which was the most densely populated part of the entire province. The reason why Temba formed part of Bophuthatswana is due to the fact that the majority of the people in the area were Tswana speaking people of the Bakwena and the Bakgatla clans.

Temba is functionally connected to the city of Pretoria by the old Warmbaths road and subsequently the N1 highway. As a result, it has become a largely dormant town with the majority of its residents commuting long distances to get access to employment. Unlike other townships in Gauteng, the area does not have access to a sophisticated railway network and [3] as a result, transport for most of the people remains largely by means of buses, private cars and minibus taxis.

The area has a mixed housing system with a third of the houses being supplied by the Apartheid governments subsidized rental housing system. A large number of the houses in the territory are part of the free title stands. This is the result of the Ndebele cultural influence in the territory. The Ndebele are a proud people and have a great sense of pride in home ownership and focus culturally on individual identity. As a result, the central neighborhood of Manyeledi among others are filled with free title stands with large houses built by the locals.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Main Place Temba". Census 2011.
  2. ^ When I was Born in Temba in 1992, it still was under the Bophuthatswana territorial control.
  3. ^ Transport Department
  4. ^ Molebogeng Thage: Former Temba Resident

Template:Khumo Thage Industrial developer and candidate attorney who was born in Temba

Molebogeng Thage, former resident of Temba

Elsona Van Huyssteen Boundaries, Borders and Barriers: A narrative of Temba/ Hammanskraal