Temnin el-Foka

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Temnin el-Foka
تمنين الفوقا
Temnine el-Faouqa, Lebanon, center of village
Temnine el-Faouqa, Lebanon, center of village
Temnin el-Foka is located in Lebanon
Temnin el-Foka
Temnin el-Foka
Location in Lebanon
Coordinates: 33°54′N 35°59′E / 33.900°N 35.983°E / 33.900; 35.983Coordinates: 33°54′N 35°59′E / 33.900°N 35.983°E / 33.900; 35.983
Country  Lebanon
Governorate Baalbek-Hermel
District Baalbek
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) +3 (UTC)
Temnin el-Foka
Cultures Roman
Site notes
Condition Ruins
Public access Yes

Temnin el-Foka (Arabic: تمنين الفوقا‎) is a village in Baalbek District in Lebanon.


Temnin el-Foka has a nymphaeum.[1] It is close to the spring of Ain el-Jobb.[2]

The nymphaeum is an arched watercourse built of large stones that has been constructed 4 metres (13 ft) deep into a hill. It leads to a cistern underground. A gulley has formed at the outflow, where a boundary pillar is carved with the image of a goddess. It resembles a similar cippus at Kafr Zabad.[2]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Brenda Longfellow (21 October 2010). Roman Imperialism and Civic Patronage: Form, Meaning and Ideology in Monumental Fountain Complexes. Cambridge University Press. pp. 118–. ISBN 978-0-521-19493-8. Retrieved 14 November 2012. 
  2. ^ a b George Taylor (1967). The Roman temples of Lebanon: a pictorial guide. Dar el-Machreq Publishers. Retrieved 1 November 2012. 

Roman nymphaeum[edit]

External links[edit]