Tempest Anderson

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Tempest Anderson

Portrait of a balding middle-age man with grey hair and beard, wearing a dark overcoat over a blue jacket and white shirt.
Portrait of Tempest Anderson by Irish artist William Orpen. It currently resides in the Yorkshire Museum's Tempest Anderson Hall.
Born
Tempest Anderson

(1846-12-07)7 December 1846
Died26 August 1913(1913-08-26) (aged 66)
NationalityBritish
Alma mater
OccupationOphthalmic surgeon
OrganizationPresident of the Yorkshire Philosophical Society
Known forEarly amateur photography, vulcanology and gifting the Tempest Anderson Hall to the Yorkshire Philosophical Society.

Tempest Anderson (7 December 1846–26 August 1913)[1]) was an ophthalmic surgeon at York County Hospital in the United Kingdom, and an expert amateur photographer and vulcanologist. He was a member of the Royal Society Commission which was appointed to investigate the aftermath of the eruptions of Soufriere volcano, St Vincent and Mont Pelee, Martinique, West Indies which both erupted in May 1902. Some of his photographs of these eruptions were subsequently published in his book, Volcanic Studies in Many Lands.[2]

Early life and education[edit]

He was born in York, and was schooled at St Peter's School, York[3] and studied medicine at the University of London.[4] His father was William Charles Anderson, surgeon and Sheriff of York.[5] His sister Constance married Percy Sladen, and his brother was Yarborough Anderson, a barrister. In 1904 Anderson received an honorary degree of DSc from the University of Leeds for his work on volcanoes.

The plaque outside Anderson's house in Stonegate

Anderson lived at the family home[6] of 17 Stonegate in the centre of York.[7] He built a pair of houses on the road now known as Moorgate, on land purchased from the Holgate Garden Society.[citation needed] In 1911 Anderson was made one of the vice-presidents of the Old Peterite Club at St Peter's School, York.[8]

Death and legacy[edit]

He was one of the five original Trustees of the Percy Sladen Memorial Trust.[9] He was President of the Yorkshire Philosophical Society, and in 1912 he presented the society with a 300-seat lecture theatre (the Tempest Anderson Hall) attached to the Yorkshire Museum in York Museum Gardens.[10] This was one of the world's first concrete buildings. He died on board ship on the Red Sea while returning from visiting the volcanoes of Indonesia and the Philippines. He was buried in Suez, Egypt. After his death, the houses he had built were left to his cousin, Colonel Fearnley Anderson.[citation needed]. He also bequeathed a substantial sum to the Yorkshire Museum.[11]

Expeditions[edit]

The expeditions of Tempest Anderson[12]
Year Destinations Publications Example photograph
1883 Eifel area of Germany
1885 Southern France (Auvergne, Ardeche, Cantal A basalt neck at Buron near Coudes, Southern France
1888 Italy (Naples, Vesuvius, Etna, Vulcano)
1889 Italy (Sicily, Vulcano, Stromboli), The Alps, Western Norway
1890 Iceland
1891 Canary Islands and Madeira
1893 Iceland
1894 Southern France
1895 French Alps
1896 Swiss and French Alps
1898 Swiss and French Alps, Italy (Naples, Vesuvius)
1899 Swiss Alps
1900 Western U.S.A, Eastern U.S.A
1901 Southern France, the Alps
1902 West Indies (Barbados, St Vincent, Martinique, Dominica), Southern France
1903 Egypt (?)
1904 Egypt (?), Italy (Vesuvius, Vulcano, Stromboli)
1905 Southern Africa (with the British Association)
1906 Italy (Vesuvius)
1906-1907 West Indies and Central America (Mexico, Guatemala, St Vincent, Martinique, Jamaica and Barbados)
1909 Pacific and Western North America (Samoa, Hawaii, New Zealand, Canadian Rockies, Winnipeg)
1910 Italy (?)
1911 Southern France
1913 Indonesia (Java, Krakatoa), The Philippines (died on the return voyage at Suez)

Mexico, Guatemala and the West Indies[edit]

Tempest Anderson spent nine months in Mexico, Guatemala and the West Indies in 1906/1907. He travelled to Mexico to attend the 10th Congres Geologique International before sailing by mail steamer to Guatemala to study the effects of the 1902 earthquake. During the trip he observed and photographed Cerro Quemado, Santa Maria, and Atitlan.[13] During this trip he collected first hand accounts of the 1902 eruption of the Santa Maria and the immediate aftermath. Captain Saunders of the Pacific Mail Steamer S.S. Newport observed the eruption cloud which rose to a great height. The Captain measured it using a sextant and recorded it as reaching 17 to 18 miles. The sounds accompanying the eruption were loud and were heard even louder at more distant places than close to the mountain. The eruption was heard as far away as Guatemala City, the noises so strong, they were assumed to come from neighbouring volcanoes.[14]

Publications[edit]

Articles

  • Anderson, Tempest; John S. Flett (1903). "Report on the Eruptions of the Soufriére in St. Vincent in 1902, and on a Visit to Montagne Pelée in Martinique. Part I." Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. A. 200: 353–553. doi:10.1098/rsta.1903.0010. Retrieved 19 November 2013.
  • Anderson, Tempest; John S. Flett (6 April 1908). "Report on the Eruptions of the Soufriére in St. Vincent in 1902, and on a Visit to Montagne Pelée in Martinique. Part II. The Changes in the Districts and the Subsequent History of the Volcanoes". Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. A. 80 (538): 281–284. doi:10.1098/rspa.1908.0025. JSTOR 92899.
  • Darwin, Leonard; Tempest Anderson; A. E. Kitson; E. O. Thiele (July 1912). "Some New Zealand Volcanoes: Discussion". The Geographical Journal. 40 (1): 23–25. doi:10.2307/1778891. JSTOR 1778891.
  • Anderson, Tempest (January 1910). "The Volcano of Matavanu in Savaii". Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society. 66: 621–639. doi:10.1144/GSL.JGS.1910.066.01-04.30. Retrieved 18 June 2015.
  • Anderson, Tempest (May 1908). "The Volcanoes of Guatemala". The Geographical Journal. 31 (5): 473–485. doi:10.2307/1777493. JSTOR 1777493.
    • Flett, John; Maudslay; Ascioli; Gehrke; Anderson, Tempest (May 1908). "The Volcanoes of Guatemala: Discussion". The Geographical Journal. 31 (5): 485–489. doi:10.2307/1777494. JSTOR 1777494.
  • Anderson, Tempest (March 1903). "Recent Volcanic Eruptions in the West Indies". The Geographical Journal. 21 (3): 265–279. doi:10.2307/1775801. JSTOR 1775801.
  • Anderson, Tempest (February 1912). "Volcanic Craters and Explosions". The Geographical Journal. 39 (2): 123–129. doi:10.2307/1778563. JSTOR 1778563.
  • Anderson, Tempest (February 1905). "On Certain Recent Changes in the Crater of Stromboli". The Geographical Journal. 25 (2): 123–138. doi:10.2307/1775878. JSTOR 1775878.
  • Anderson, Tempest (1905). "Recent changes in the crater Stromboli". The Scottish Geographical Magazine. 21 (7): 345–347. doi:10.1080/00369220508733583.
  • Anderson, Tempest (11 September 1885). "The Volcanoes of Auvergne". The Report of the British Association: 1017. Retrieved 23 June 2015.
  • Anderson, Tempest (10 September 1888). "The Volcanoes of the Two Sicilies". The Report of the British Association: 663. Retrieved 23 June 2015.
  • Anderson, Tempest; Johnston-Lavis, H. J. (10 September 1888). "Notes on the late Eruption in the island of Vulcano". The Report of the British Association: 664. Retrieved 23 June 2015.
  • Anderson, Tempest. "The Skaptar Jokull" (PDF). The Alpine Journal. 18: 216. Retrieved 23 June 2015.
  • Anderson, Tempest. "Vesuvius, the eruption of Sept. 1898" (PDF). The Alpine Journal. 19: 437. Retrieved 23 June 2015.
  • Anderson, Tempest. "The Grand Canon of the Colorado River" (PDF). The Alpine Journal. 20: 504. Retrieved 23 June 2015.
  • Anderson, Tempest. "La Coupe de Jaujac" (PDF). The Alpine Journal. 20: 504. Retrieved 23 June 2015.
  • Anderson, Tempest. "The volcanoes Bromo and Krakatau" (PDF). The Alpine Journal. 28: 178. Retrieved 23 June 2015.
  • Anderson, Tempest (1901). "A Swiss Holiday". Yorkshire Ramblers' Club Journal. 1 (3): 188–191. Retrieved 25 June 2015.

Books

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Who's Who 1914, p. xxi
  2. ^ Tempest Anderson (1903) Volcanic Studies in Many Lands, London, John Murray, 202pp
  3. ^ "Obituary: Tempest Anderson, M. D., D. Sc". The Geographical Journal. 42 (5): 499–500. November 1913. JSTOR 1778747.
  4. ^ Pyrah, Barbara, ed. (1988), History of the Yorkshire Museum, p. 110
  5. ^ Critchley, Macdonald (August 1960). "Hughlings Jackson, the Man; and the Early Days of the National Hospital". Proceedings of the Royal Society of Medicine. 53 (8): 613–618. PMC 1869439. PMID 13812904.
  6. ^ Jim Spriggs (2013). "Dr Tempest Anderson (1846–1913)". Yorkshire Philosophical Society. Yorkshire Philosophical Society. Retrieved 26 September 2013.
  7. ^ "Records for Dr. Tempest Anderson". Exhibitions of the Royal Photographic Society 1870–1915. De Montfort University. 2008. Retrieved 26 September 2013.
  8. ^ "The Old Peterite Club Annual Meeting" (PDF). The Peterite. 21 (201): 570. July 1911. Archived from the original (PDF) on 7 April 2014.
  9. ^ "Obituary. Tempest Anderson, M.D., D.Sc., F.G.S." Geological Magazine. 50: 478–479. 1913. doi:10.1017/s0016756800127633.
  10. ^ Suthren, R. J. (2004). "Anderson, Tempest (1846–1913)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Retrieved 3 December 2007.
  11. ^ Pyrah, Barbara, ed. (1988), History of the Yorkshire Museum, p. 129
  12. ^ Suthren, Roger J. (April 1978). "The Tempest Anderson Collection of Photographs at Yorkshire Museum" (PDF). The Newsletter of the Geological Curators Group. 2 (2): 68–80. Archived from the original (PDF) on 29 March 2015. Retrieved 23 June 2015.
  13. ^ Anderson, Tempest (1908). The Volcanoes of Guatemala. London: The Royal Geographical Society. pp. 473–489.
  14. ^ Anderson, Tempest (1908). The Volcanoes of Guatemala. London: The Royal Geographical Society. p. 480.

Further reading[edit]