Annie Blanche Banks
February 29, 1928
Eastman, Georgia, U.S.
|Died||April 20, 2021 (aged 93)|
Las Vegas, Nevada, U.S.
|Other names||Queen of Exotic Dancers|
(m. 1959; div. 1967)
Tempest Storm (born Annie Blanche Banks; February 29, 1928 – April 20, 2021), also dubbed "The Queen Of Exotic Dancers," was an American burlesque star and motion picture actress. Along with Lili St. Cyr, Sally Rand, and Blaze Starr, she was one of the best-known burlesque performers of the 1950s, 1960s, and 1970s. Her career as an exotic dancer spanned more than 60 years, and she was still performing in the early 21st century.
Tempest Storm was born Annie Blanche Banks on February 29, 1928, in Eastman, Georgia. She left school in seventh grade, and in 2016, she revealed that she had been sexually abused at that approximate time in her life. At 14, she worked as a waitress in Columbus, Georgia, where she quickly married a U.S. Marine in order to emancipate herself from her parents; she had the marriage annulled after 24 hours. At 15, she married a Columbus shoe salesman, whose sister worked with her at a hosiery mill. Storm said in a 1968 interview with film reviewer Roger Ebert that after six months in that marriage, "I just left one day. I still had it in my mind to go to Hollywood. I couldn't get it out of my system."
In Los Angeles circa 1945 at age 17, Storm worked as a carhop waitress at Simon's Drive-In and then as a cocktail waitress, though still underage. A patron suggested she consider striptease as a profession, and arranged an audition with Follies Theater talent manager Lillian Hunt. Three weeks after being hired as a chorus dancer at $40 a week (approximately $570 in 2020 dollars), Storm accepted a promotion to $60 (approximately $855 in 2020 dollars) as a stripper. A week afterward, she recalled in 1968, Hunt said she needed a stage name:
I asked her if she had any suggestions. She said, what about Tempest Storm? I asked her if she had any other suggestions. Well, she said, what about Sunny Day? Well, I said, I guess it might as well be Tempest Storm.
Annie Blanche Banks legally changed her name to Tempest Storm in 1957, one of the few strippers to have done so.
Feature performer, model, and actress
Storm was a regular performer for many years at El Rey, a burlesque theater in Oakland, California, as well as at clubs around the United States, including in Las Vegas. She was featured in numerous men's magazines and burlesque movies, including French Peep Show (1950), Paris After Midnight (1951), Striptease Girl (1952), Teaserama (1955), and Buxom Beautease (1956).
In 1953, she moved to Portland, Oregon, and worked at the Star Theater. A few months later she moved to the Capital Theater down the street after her then-husband, John Becker, bought it. The owner of the Star then brought Becker's ex-wife, and rival burlesque star, Arabelle Andre to the Star to perform as "John's Other Wife". This sparked a "burlesque war" that made it into the pages of Life magazine on November 30, 1953.
Storm told her life story to writer Bill Boyd, whose transcriptions of her dictations formed the 1987 book Tempest Storm: The Lady Is a Vamp. She was inducted into the Burlesque Hall of Fame, where one of her G-strings is part of the museum's display.
Storm officially retired from regular performance in 1995 at the age of 67, but continued making occasional stage performances. In 1999, she stripped in San Francisco's O'Farrell Theatre to mark the club's 30-year anniversary. Mayor Willie Brown declared a "Tempest Storm Day" in her honor. She also performed at the annual Burlesque Hall of Fame Pageant events at least through 2010.
She appears in the 2016 Nimisha Mukerji's documentary film Tempest Storm.
Storm was married four times. Her first two marriages were short-lived and took place when she was in her early to mid-teens. The first of these marriages was annulled after one day. Her third marriage was to the owner of a burlesque theater. Her fourth marriage was to Herb Jeffries, film and television actor as well as a popular music and jazz singer-songwriter, known for his baritone voice, with whom she had a daughter. The marriage to Jeffries, according to the New York Times, "broke midcentury racial taboos, costing her work". Storm commented on her final two marriages thusly, "A guy marries a girl in this business and he thinks he can handle it. They love you when you’re engaged, but they can’t handle it when you’re married. All of a sudden they want you to wear dresses all the way up to your neck."
- "Tempest Storm". Burlesque Hall of Fame. September 26, 2013. Archived from the original on June 11, 2016. Retrieved July 31, 2016.
- Zemeckis, Leslie (2013). Behind the Burly Q: The Story of Burlesque in America. Skyhorse Publishing. ISBN 978-1620876916.
- "Burlesque legend 'Tempest Storm' dies in Las Vegas home". Ktnv.com. April 21, 2021. Retrieved April 21, 2021.
- Winn, Steven (July 15, 1999). "Storm Still Packs a Wallop 1950s burlesque icon takes it off again for O'Farrell Theatre anniversary". San Francisco Chronicle. Archived from the original on November 7, 2017.
- Braun, Liz (June 17, 2016). "Legendary stripper Tempest Storm bares all". Toronto Sun. Canada. Postmedia Network. Archived from the original on November 7, 2017. Retrieved July 31, 2016.
- Ebert, Roger (March 24, 1968). "Tempest Storm: 'The Tempest in a D-cup'". Chicago Sun-Times via RogerEbert.com. Archived from the original on June 16, 2013. Retrieved July 31, 2016.
- "Inflation Calculator | Find US Dollar's Value from 1913-2021". Usinflationcalculator.com. April 13, 2021. Retrieved April 21, 2021.
- "John's Other Stripper". Life. November 30, 1953. p. 67. ISSN 0024-3019.
- "What a Bust This Case Is!". Variety. March 10, 1954. p. 2.
- Boyd, Bill (1987). Tempest Storm: The Lady Is a Vamp. Peachtree Pub Ltd. ISBN 978-0934601252.
- Fox, Margalit (April 21, 2021). "Tempest Storm, Who Disrobed to Enduring Acclaim, Dies at 93". The New York Times. Retrieved April 21, 2021.
- Hennessey, Kathleen (July 11, 2008). "80-year-old Vegas stripper still does it 'classy'". Today. Associated Press. Archived from the original on February 16, 2017.