# Template:Chess diagram/doc

### Syntax

There are several standard chess diagram templates:

There are also templates for chess variants:

The syntax is basically the same for all of them.

```{{Chess diagram
| <alignment> (param #1)
| size =
| numbers =
| letters =
| <a8> | <b8> | ... | <h8>  (#3 to ...
| <a7> | <b7> | ... | <h7>
...
| <a1> | <b1> | ... | <h1>  ( ... #66)
| <footer> (#67)
| reverse =
}}
```

When the chess board is 8x8, there is an alternative syntax (see #Alternative way to place the pieces: FEN below):

```{{Chess diagram
| fen =
| align =
| clear =
| footer =
| size =
| numbers =
| letters =
| reverse =
}}
```

Parameters:

• `<alignment>` – defines horizontal alignment (floating) of the whole table, must be `tright` or `tleft` (or nothing)
• `<header>` – the text which appears above the diagram, may be empty;
• `size` - specifies the size of each square in pixels, the default is 26.
• `numbers` - specifies whether the rows are numbered. Options are: left, right, both (default) or neither.
• `letters` - specifies whether the columns are lettered. Options are: top, bottom, both (default) or neither.
• `<a8>, <b8>, ... <h1>` – define corresponding squares of the chessboard, see below;
• `<footer>` – the text which appears beneath the diagram, may be empty; optional – can be left out (currently not in the other templates)

A square is defined by the name of piece or empty parameter. The names of the pieces are those given in algebraic notation:

• k = king
• q = queen
• r = rook
• b = bishop
• n = knight
• p = pawn

There are also some fairy chess pieces available:

• a = archbishop (knight+bishop compound)
• c = chancellor (knight+rook compound)
• f = inverted king
• g = inverted queen
• m = inverted rook
• j(e) = inverted bishop
• N(s) = inverted knight
• h = inverted pawn
• z = champion (for Omega Chess)
• w = wizard (for Omega Chess)
• t = fool (for Omega Chess)
• M = mann
• C = centaur

These letters are combined with either "l" for Light=White, or "d" for Dark=Black. So "kl" is White's king, and "nd" is Black's knight.

An empty square is written either using underscores, spaces, or nothing at all. Two spaces are recommended.

• <space> = empty square

You can also use "xx" for a black cross, "ox" for a white cross, "xo" for a black circle on an empty square or "oo" for a white one.

• xx = black cross/x
• ox = white cross/x
• xo = black circle
• oo = white circle

When showing movement directions on the board, arrows are available

• ul = up & left
• ua = up
• ur = up & right
• la = left
• lr = left & right
• ud = up & down
• ra = right
• dl = down & left
• da = down
• dr = down & right

Numbers can also be added to squares by using "x0" for 0, "x1" for 1, "x2" for 2, ..., "x9" for 9.

• x0
• x1
• x2
• x3
• x4
• x5
• x6
• x7
• x8
• x9

### Examples

#### Standard diagram

This diagram is recommended for common use as a main diagram in the articles on chess openings, endings, games, positions etc. See the corresponding code below.

 a b c d e f g h 8 8 7 7 6 6 5 5 4 4 3 3 2 2 1 1 a b c d e f g h
The King's Gambit
```{{Chess diagram
| tright
|

|rd|nd|bd|qd|kd|bd|nd|rd
|pd|pd|pd|pd|  |pd|pd|pd
|  |  |  |  |  |  |  |
|  |  |  |  |pd|  |  |
|  |  |  |  |pl|pl|  |
|  |  |  |  |  |  |  |
|pl|pl|pl|pl|  |  |pl|pl
|rl|nl|bl|ql|kl|bl|nl|rl

| The King's Gambit
}}
```

#### Diagram with both captions

W. Langstaff, Chess Amateur 1922
 a b c d e f g h 8 8 7 7 6 6 5 5 4 4 3 3 2 2 1 1 a b c d e f g h
Mate in two.
This problem uses partial retrograde analysis method.

It may be convenient to use this in the articles on chess problems. Please note that in the header and footer you can use bolds or italics. You can also use `<br>` to break the lines.

```{{Chess diagram
| tright
| '''W. Langstaff''', ''Chess Amateur'' 1922

|  |  |  |  |kd|  |  |rd
|  |  |  |  |  |  |  |
|  |  |  |  |  |bl|  |pl
|  |  |  |rl|  |kl|pd|pl
|  |  |  |  |  |  |  |
|  |  |  |  |  |  |  |
|  |  |  |  |  |  |  |
|  |  |  |  |  |  |  |

| '''Mate in two.''' <br> This problem uses ''partial retrograde analysis'' method.
}}
```

#### Diagram without captions

 a b c d e f g h 8 8 7 7 6 6 5 5 4 4 3 3 2 2 1 1 a b c d e f g h

See the corresponding code below. If you don't want the captions, just remove them, but don't delete the second "|" pipe character for the caption above; it is possible to delete the last pipe for the longer caption below.

The diagram floats to the left to illustrate the use of the first parameter.

```{{Chess diagram
| tleft
|

|  |  |  |  |  |  |  |
|  |  |  |  |  |  |  |
|  |xx|xo|xx|  |  |  |
|  |  |pl|  |  |  |  |
|  |  |  |  |  |xo|  |
|  |  |  |  |xx|xo|xx|
|  |  |  |  |  |pl|  |
|  |  |  |  |  |  |  |

}}
```

#### Movement example

This can be used to show how pieces move.

 a b c d e f g h 8 8 7 7 6 6 5 5 4 4 3 3 2 2 1 1 a b c d e f g h
Example showing how white king can move

any direction, but only one square, while black rook can move any number of squares but only up and down, and right and left.

```{{Chess diagram
| tleft
|

|  |  |ua|  |  |  |  |
|  |  |ua|  |  |  |  |
|la|la|rd|ra|ra|ra|ra|ra
|  |  |da|  |  |  |  |
|  |  |da|  |ul|ua|ur|
|  |  |da|  |la|kl|ra|
|  |  |da|  |dl|da|dr|
|  |  |da|  |  |  |  |

|Example showing how white king can move
any direction, but only one square, while
black rook can move any number of squares
but only up and down, and right and left.
}}
```
 a b c d e f g h 8 8 7 7 6 6 5 5 4 4 3 3 2 2 1 1 a b c d e f g h
```{{Chess diagram
| tright
|

|  |ul|  |ua|  |ur|  |
|  |  |ul|ua|ur|  |  |
|la|la|la|ql|ra|ra|ra|ra
|  |  |dl|da|dr|  |  |
|  |dl|  |da|  |dr|  |
|dl|  |  |da|  |  |dr|
|  |  |  |da|  |  |  |dr
|  |  |  |da|  |  |  |

}}
```

In the board on the right, it is shown that the white queen can go any distance in any of these directions.

Another method for the rook example:

 a b c d e f g h 8 8 7 7 6 6 5 5 4 4 3 3 2 2 1 1 a b c d e f g h
```{{Chess diagram
| tleft
|

|  |  |  |  |  |  |  |
|  |  |ud|  |  |  |  |
|  |lr|rd|lr|  |  |  |
|  |  |ud|  |  |  |  |
|  |  |  |  |ul|ua|ur|
|  |  |  |  |la|kl|ra|
|  |  |  |  |dl|da|dr|
|  |  |  |  |  |  |  |

}}
```

#### Small diagram

This one may be useful in articles with many diagrams. It uses another template named {{Chess diagram small}}.

The small diagrams can have header, too.

 a b c d e f g h 8 8 7 7 6 6 5 5 4 4 3 3 2 2 1 1 a b c d e f g h
Position after 11.Bg5
```{{Chess diagram small
| tright
|

|rd|  |  |qd|  |rd|kd|
|pd|pd|  |  |pd|pd|bd|pd
|  |nd|pd|  |  |nd|pd|
|  |  |ql|  |  |  |bl|
|  |  |  |pl|pl|  |bd|
|  |  |nl|  |  |nl|  |
|pl|pl|  |  |  |pl|pl|pl
|  |  |  |rl|kl|bl|  |rl

| Position after 11.Bg5
}}
```

#### Different board size

Chess boards of non-standard dimensions need special templates. There are templates for the following boards:

Minichess (5×5) – Template:Chess diagram 5x5
```{{Chess diagram 5x5
| tright
|

|kd|qd|bd|nd|rd
|pd|pd|pd|pd|pd
|  |  |  |  |
|pl|pl|pl|pl|pl
|kl|ql|bl|nl|rl

| Gardner minichess
}}
```
Gardner minichess
Los Alamos chess (6×6) – Template:Chess diagram 6x6
```{{Chess diagram 6x6
| tright
|

|rd|nd|qd|kd|nd|rd
|pd|pd|pd|pd|pd|pd
|  |  |  |  |  |
|  |  |  |  |  |
|pl|pl|pl|pl|pl|pl
|rl|nl|ql|kl|nl|rl

| Los Alamos chess
}}
```
 a b c d e f 6 6 5 5 4 4 3 3 2 2 1 1 a b c d e f
Los Alamos chess
Capablanca chess (8×10)
```{{Chess diagram 8x10
| tright
|

|pd|pd|pd|pd|pd|pd|pd|pd|pd|pd
|  |  |  |  |  |  |  |  |  |
|  |  |  |  |  |  |  |  |  |
|  |  |  |  |  |  |  |  |  |
|  |  |  |  |  |  |  |  |  |
|pl|pl|pl|pl|pl|pl|pl|pl|pl|pl
|rl|nl|al|bl|ql|kl|bl|cl|nl|rl

| Capablanca chess
}}
```
 a b c d e f g h i j 8 8 7 7 6 6 5 5 4 4 3 3 2 2 1 1 a b c d e f g h i j
Capablanca chess
Grand Chess
```{{Chess diagram 10x10
| tright
|

|rd|  |  |  |  |  |  |  |  |rd
|pd|pd|pd|pd|pd|pd|pd|pd|pd|pd
|  |  |  |  |  |  |  |  |  |
|  |  |  |  |  |  |  |  |  |
|  |  |  |  |  |  |  |  |  |
|  |  |  |  |  |  |  |  |  |
|pl|pl|pl|pl|pl|pl|pl|pl|pl|pl
|  |nl|bl|ql|kl|cl|al|bl|nl|
|rl|  |  |  |  |  |  |  |  |rl

| Grand Chess
}}
```
 a b c d e f g h i j 10 10 9 9 8 8 7 7 6 6 5 5 4 4 3 3 2 2 1 1 a b c d e f g h i j
Grand Chess

#### Double boards

Bughouse chess (four players)
```{{bughouse chess diagram
| A1=Team 1, Board A
| A2=Team 2, Board A
| B1=Team 1, Board B
| B2=Team 2, Board B
| tright
|

|rd|nd|bd|qd|kd|bd|nd|rd
|pd|pd|pd|pd|pd|pd|pd|pd
|  |  |  |  |  |  |  |
|  |  |  |  |  |  |  |
|  |  |  |  |  |  |  |
|  |  |  |  |  |  |  |
|pl|pl|pl|pl|pl|pl|pl|pl
|rl|nl|bl|ql|kl|bl|nl|rl

|rl|nl|bl|kl|ql|bl|nl|rl
|pl|pl|pl|pl|pl|pl|pl|pl
|  |  |  |  |  |  |  |
|  |  |  |  |  |  |  |
|  |  |  |  |  |  |  |
|  |  |  |  |  |  |  |
|pd|pd|pd|pd|pd|pd|pd|pd
|rd|nd|bd|kd|qd|bd|nd|rd

| '''Bughouse''' setup and starting position
}}
```

Team 2, Board A

Team 1, Board A

Team 2, Board B

Team 1, Board B

Bughouse setup and starting position

#### Alice Chess

Alice Chess (two players)
```{{alice chess diagram
| tright
|

|rd|nd|bd|qd|kd|  |nd|rd
|pd|pd|pd|pd|  |pd|pd|pd
|  |  |  |  |  |  |  |
|  |  |  |  |nl|  |  |
|  |  |  |  |  |  |  |
|  |  |  |  |  |  |  |
|pl|pl|pl|pl|pl|pl|pl|pl
|rl|nl|bl|ql|kl|bl|  |rl

|  |  |  |  |  |  |  |
|  |  |  |  |  |  |  |
|  |  |  |  |pd|  |  |
|  |  |bd|  |  |  |  |
|  |  |  |  |  |  |  |
|  |  |  |  |  |  |  |
|  |  |  |  |  |  |  |
|  |  |  |  |  |  |  |

| Position after '''1. Nf3 e6 2. Ne5 Bc5'''
}}

```

A B
Position after 1. Nf3 e6 2. Ne5 Bc5

#### Different shaped board

Three-dimensional chess (Raumschach) – Template:Raumschach diagram
```{{Raumschach diagram
| tright
|

|rd|nd|kd|nd|rd
|pd|pd|pd|pd|pd
|  |  |  |  |
|  |  |  |  |
|  |  |  |  |

|Nd|bd|qd|Nd|bd
|pd|pd|pd|pd|pd
|  |  |  |  |
|  |  |  |  |
|  |  |  |  |

|  |  |  |  |
|  |  |  |  |
|  |  |  |  |
|  |  |  |  |
|  |  |  |  |

|  |  |  |  |
|  |  |  |  |
|  |  |  |  |
|pl|pl|pl|pl|pl
|bl|Nl|ql|bl|Nl

|  |  |  |  |
|  |  |  |  |
|  |  |  |  |
|pl|pl|pl|pl|pl
|rl|nl|kl|nl|rl

| '''Raumschach''' starting position
}}
```
E
D
C
B
A
Raumschach starting position
Omega ChessTemplate:Omega Chess diagram
```{{Omega Chess diagram
|
| [[Omega Chess]] (10x10 + 4 corners)

|wd                              |wd
|zd|rd|nd|bd|qd|kd|bd|nd|rd|zd
|pd|pd|pd|pd|pd|pd|pd|pd|pd|pd
|  |  |  |  |  |  |  |  |  |
|  |  |  |  |  |  |  |  |  |
|  |  |  |  |  |  |  |  |  |
|  |  |  |  |  |  |  |  |  |
|  |  |  |  |  |  |  |  |  |
|  |  |  |  |  |  |  |  |  |
|pl|pl|pl|pl|pl|pl|pl|pl|pl|pl
|zl|rl|nl|bl|ql|kl|bl|nl|rl|zl
|wl                              |wl

| '''Omega Chess''' starting position
}}
```
Omega Chess (10x10 + 4 corners)
    J 9 9 8 8 7 7 6 6 5 5 4 4 3 3 2 2 1 1 0 0 A
Omega Chess starting position

## Alternative way to place the pieces: FEN

```{{Chess diagram|fen=rnbqkbnr/pppppppp/8/8/8/8/PPPPPPPP/RNBQKBNR|align=tleft}}
```
 a b c d e f g h 8 8 7 7 6 6 5 5 4 4 3 3 2 2 1 1 a b c d e f g h

It is possible to populate the board using Forsyth–Edwards Notation, instead of positional parameters.

To do this, the "fen" parameter is used. For instance, this is the opening board of a chess game, defined using the "fen" parameter "rnbqkbnr/pppppppp/8/8/8/8/PPPPPPPP/RNBQKBNR":

```{{Chess diagram|fen=rnbqkbnr/acfghzwt/8/8/8/8/ACFGHZWT/RNBQKBNR|align=tleft}}
```
 a b c d e f g h 8 8 7 7 6 6 5 5 4 4 3 3 2 2 1 1 a b c d e f g h

It is also possible to show "fairy" pieces using the FEN notation. However, because the FEN notation uses uppercase and lowercase to denote the color of the piece, it is not possible to display the inverted knight fairy piece (denoted by "N") using the fen parameter. Here is a board where the pawns are replaced by fairy pieces:

Only 8x8 boards can use the "fen" parameter. For other size boards, positional parameters should be used.

## Displaying the board from the Black's point of view

```{{Chess diagram|fen=rnbqkbnr/pppppppp/8/8/8/8/PPPPPPPP/RNBQKBNR|align=tleft|reverse=true}}
```
 h g f e d c b a 1 1 2 2 3 3 4 4 5 5 6 6 7 7 8 8 h g f e d c b a

The "reverse=true" parameter causes the board to be shown from Black's point of view, that is, with the h8 square at lower-left corner, and a1 at the upper-right. This works for all sizes of the normal chessboard template, but not for the Alice, Bughouse, Omega, or Raumschach templates. Here, the same FEN notation as in the previous example produces a board with Black's starting position at the bottom.