Template:Cite book/doc

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Citation Style 1 templates
{{Cite arXiv}} arXiv preprint
{{Cite AV media}} audio and visual
{{Cite AV media notes}} audio and visual liner notes
{{Cite book}} books
{{Cite conference}} conference papers
{{Cite encyclopedia}} edited collections
{{Cite episode}} radio or television episodes
{{Cite interview}} interviews
{{Cite journal}} academic journals and papers
{{Cite magazine}} magazines, periodicals
{{Cite mailing list}} public mailing lists
{{Cite map}} maps
{{Cite news}} news articles
{{Cite newsgroup}} online newsgroups
{{Cite podcast}} audio or video podcast
{{Cite press release}} press releases
{{Cite report}} reports
{{Cite serial}} audio or video serials
{{Cite sign}} signs, plaques
{{Cite speech}} speeches
{{Cite techreport}} technical reports
{{Cite thesis}} theses
{{Cite web}} any resource accessible through a URL
See also:

This Citation Style 1 template is used to create citations for books. When citing an article in a periodical, use {{cite journal}}. For edited collections, use {{cite encyclopedia}}.

Usage[edit]

Copy a blank version to use. All parameter names must be in lowercase. Use the "|" (pipe) character between each parameter. Delete unused parameters to avoid clutter in the edit window. Some samples may include the current date. If the date is not current, then purge the page.


Most commonly used parameters in horizontal format

To cite a book with a credited author {{cite book |last= |first= |date= |title= |url= |location= |publisher= |page= |isbn=}}

To cite a book with no credited author {{cite book |author=<!--Staff writer(s); no by-line.--> |title= |url= |location= |publisher= |page= |date= |isbn=}}

To cite an online book that has been archived {{cite book |last= |first= |date= |title= |url= |dead-url= |location= |publisher= |isbn= |archive-url= |archive-date=}}

To cite a book written in a foreign language {{cite book |last= |first= |date= |title= |trans-title= |url= |language= |location= |publisher= |isbn=}}

To cite and quote an archived, two-author, foreign language book re-published as a PDF on an information aggregation service requiring a subscription {{cite book |last1= |first1= |last2= |first2= |date= |title= |trans-title= |url= |dead-url= |format= |language= |location= |publisher= |isbn= |archive-url= |archive-date= |via= |subscription= |quote= }}


Full parameter set in horizontal format

{{cite book |last1= |first1= |author-link1= |last2= |first2= |author-link2= |last3= |first3= |author-link3= |last4= |first4= |author-link4= |last5= |first5= |author-link5= |display-authors= |author-mask= |last-author-amp= |date= |year= |orig-year= |chapter= |script-chapter= |trans-chapter= |chapter-url= |chapter-format= |editor1-last= |editor1-first= |editor1-link= |editor2-last= |editor2-first= |editor2-link= |editor3-last= |editor3-first= |editor3-link= |editor4-last= |editor4-first= |editor4-link= |editor5-last= |editor5-first= |editor5-link= |display-editors= |title= |script-title= |trans-title= |url= |dead-url= |format= |type= |series= |language= |volume= |issue= |others= |edition= |location= |publisher= |publication-date= |page= |pages= |at= |nopp= |arxiv= |asin= |bibcode= |doi= |doi-broken-date= |isbn= |issn= |jfm= |jstor= |lccn= |mr= |oclc= |ol= |osti= |pmc= |pmid= |rfc= |ssrn= |zbl= |id= |archive-url= |archive-date= |access-date= |via= |registration= |subscription= |lay-summary= |lay-source= |lay-date= |quote= |name-list-format= |mode= |postscript= |ref= }}

Full parameter set in vertical format
Parameters Prerequisites Brief instructions / notes Vertical list
last1 may also use "last"; for additional authors, "last2", "last3", etc.
{{cite book
|last1=
|first1=
|author-link1=
|author-mask1=
|last2=
|first2=
|display-authors=
|last-author-amp=
|date=
|year=
|orig-year=
|chapter=
|script-chapter=
|trans-chapter=
|chapter-url=
|chapter-format=
|editor1-last=
|editor1-first=
|editor1-link=
|editor1-mask=
|display-editors=
|title=
|script-title=
|trans-title=
|url=
|dead-url=
|format=
|type=
|series=
|language=
|volume=
|issue=
|others=
|edition=
|location=
|publisher=
|publication-date=
|page=
|pages=
|at=
|nopp=
|arxiv=
|asin=
|bibcode=
|doi=
|doi-broken-date=
|isbn=
|issn=
|jfm=
|jstor=
|lccn=
|mr=
|oclc=
|ol=
|osti=
|pmc=
|pmid=
|rfc=
|ssrn=
|zbl=
|id=
|archive-url=
|archive-date=
|access-date=
|via=
|registration=
|subscription=
|lay-summary=
|lay-source=
|lay-date=
|quote=
|name-list-format=
|mode=
|postscript=
|ref=
}}
first1 last or last1 may also use "first"; for additional authors, "first2", "first3", etc.
author-link1 last or last1 may also use "author-link"
author-mask1 last or last1 may also use "author-mask"
last2 last1
first2 last2
display-authors last or last1
last-author-amp last or last1
date
year
orig-year year or date
chapter do not wikilink "chapter" if "chapterurl" is provided
script-chapter
trans-chapter chapter or script-chapter
chapter-url chapter or script-chapter
chapter-format chapter-url
editor1-last may also use "editor-last"
editor1-first editor1-last may also use 'editor-first"
editor1-link editor1-last may also use "editor-link"
editor1-mask editor1-last
display-editors
title
script-title
trans-title title or script-title
url title or script-title
dead-url
format url
type
series
language
volume
issue
others
edition
location publisher
publisher
publication-date
page choose one: "page", "pages", or "at"
pages choose one: "page", "pages", or "at". Use when content on multiple pages supports the article text.
at choose one: "page", "pages", or "at"
nopp page or pages set nopp to "yes" to suppress the "p." or "pp." before page numbers
arxiv
asin
bibcode
doi
doi-broken-date doi
isbn always include ISBN, if one has been assigned
issn
jfm
jstor
lccn
mr
oclc
ol
osti
pmc
pmid
rfc
ssrn
zbl
id
archive-url archive-date, url
archive-date archive-url
access-date url
via
registration
subscription
lay-summary
lay-source lay-summary
lay-date lay-summary
quote
name-list-format vanc to emulate Vancouver style
mode cs1 or cs2
postscript
ref
If a field name is listed in the Prerequisites column it is a prerequisite for the field to the left.

Examples[edit]

Title

  • {{cite book |title=Mysterious Book}}
Mysterious Book. 

Title and year

  • {{cite book |title=Mysterious Book |date=1901}}
Mysterious Book. 1901. 

Basic usage (single author)

  • {{cite book |last=Bloggs |first=Joe |authorlink=Joe Bloggs |date=1974 |title=Book of Bloggs}}
Bloggs, Joe (1974). Book of Bloggs. 

Basic usage (two authors)

  • {{cite book |last1=Bloggs |first1=Joe |authorlink1=Joe Bloggs |last2=Bloggs |first2=Fred |authorlink2=Fred Bloggs |date=1974 |title=Book of Bloggs}}
Bloggs, Joe; Bloggs, Fred (1974). Book of Bloggs. 

Basic usage with url (and access-date) and edition

  • {{cite book |last=Bloggs |first=Joe |authorlink=Joe Bloggs |date=1974 |title=Book of Bloggs |edition=1st |url=http://en.wikipedia.org/ |access-date=February 17, 2006}}
Bloggs, Joe (1974). Book of Bloggs (1st ed.). Retrieved February 17, 2006. 

Citing a chapter in a book with different authors for different chapters and an editor

  • {{cite book |last=Bloggs |first=Fred |editor-last=Doe |editor-first=John |title=Big Compilation Book with Many Chapters and Distinct Chapter Authors |publisher=Book Publishers |date=January 1, 2001 |pages=100–110 |chapter=Chapter 2: The History of the Bloggs Family |isbn=978-1-234-56789-7}}
Bloggs, Fred (January 1, 2001). "Chapter 2: The History of the Bloggs Family". In Doe, John. Big Compilation Book with Many Chapters and Distinct Chapter Authors. Book Publishers. pp. 100–110. ISBN 978-1-234-56789-7. 

Citing a chapter in a book with two joint authors and an editor

  • {{cite book |last1=Bloggs |first1=Joe |last2=Egg |first2=Fred |editor-last=Doe |editor-first=John |title=Big Book with Many Chapters and Two Co-authors |publisher=Book Publishers |date=January 1, 2001 |orig-year=1st pub. 1986 |pages=100–110 |chapter=Chapter 6: Getting There |chapterurl=http://en.wikipedia.org/ |isbn=978-1-234-56789-7 |lastauthoramp=y}}
Bloggs, Joe & Egg, Fred (January 1, 2001) [1st pub. 1986]. "Chapter 6: Getting There". In Doe, John. Big Book with Many Chapters and Two Co-authors. Book Publishers. pp. 100–110. ISBN 978-1-234-56789-7. 

Three authors, title with a piped wikilink, edition

  • {{cite book |last1=Bloggs |first1=Joe |authorlink1=Joe Bloggs |last2=Smith |first2=John |last3=Smythe |first3=Jim |title=[[A Thousand Acres|1000 Acres]] |edition=2nd}}
Bloggs, Joe; Smith, John; Smythe, Jim. 1000 Acres (2nd ed.). 

Complex usage showing effect of using volume parameter and lastauthoramp parameter (without volume and lastauthoramp)

  • {{cite book |last1=Playfair |first1=Major-General I.S.O. |authorlink1=Ian Stanley Ord Playfair |last2=Stitt |first2=Commander G.M.S. |last3=Molony |first3=Brigadier C.J.C. |last4=Toomer |first4=Air Vice-Marshal S.E. |editor-last=Butler |editor-first=J.R.M. |series=History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series |title=Mediterranean and Middle East. Volume I: The Early Successes Against Italy (to May 1941) |publisher=Naval & Military Press |location=Uckfield, UK |date=2007 |orig-year=1st pub. [[HMSO]]:1954 |isbn=1-845740-65-3}}
Playfair, Major-General I.S.O.; Stitt, Commander G.M.S.; Molony, Brigadier C.J.C.; Toomer, Air Vice-Marshal S.E. (2007) [1st pub. HMSO:1954]. Butler, J.R.M., ed. Mediterranean and Middle East. Volume I: The Early Successes Against Italy (to May 1941). History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series. Uckfield, UK: Naval & Military Press. ISBN 1-845740-65-3. 

Complex usage showing effect of using volume parameter and lastauthoramp parameter (with volume and lastauthoramp)

  • {{cite book |last1=Playfair |first1=Major-General I.S.O. |authorlink1=Ian Stanley Ord Playfair |last2=Stitt |first2=Commander G.M.S. |last3=Molony |first3=Brigadier C.J.C. |last4=Toomer |first4=Air Vice-Marshal S.E. |editor-last=Butler |editor-first=J.R.M. |series=History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series |title=Mediterranean and Middle East |volume=Volume I: The Early Successes Against Italy (to May 1941) |publisher=Naval & Military Press |location=Uckfield, UK |date=2007 |orig-year=1st pub. [[HMSO]]:1954 |isbn=1-845740-65-3 |lastauthoramp=y}}
Playfair, Major-General I.S.O.; Stitt, Commander G.M.S.; Molony, Brigadier C.J.C. & Toomer, Air Vice-Marshal S.E. (2007) [1st pub. HMSO:1954]. Butler, J.R.M., ed. Mediterranean and Middle East. History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series. Volume I: The Early Successes Against Italy (to May 1941). Uckfield, UK: Naval & Military Press. ISBN 1-845740-65-3. 

Date without day, wikilinked title and publisher, pages, edition, location

  • {{cite book |last1=Cordell |first1=Bruce R. |last2=Grubb |first2=Jeff |last3=Noonan |first3=David |date=September 2001 |title=[[Manual of the Planes]] |edition=3rd |publisher=[[Wizards of the Coast]] |location=Renton, Washington |isbn=0-7869-1850-0 |pages=134–137}}
Cordell, Bruce R.; Grubb, Jeff; Noonan, David (September 2001). Manual of the Planes (3rd ed.). Renton, Washington: Wizards of the Coast. pp. 134–137. ISBN 0-7869-1850-0. 

Other language

  • {{cite book |last=Bloggs |first=Jean |date=1974 |title=Livre de Bloggs |edition=1st |language=French |trans-title=Book of Bloggs |url=http://en.wikipedia.org/ |access-date=February 17, 2006}}
Bloggs, Jean (1974). Livre de Bloggs [Book of Bloggs] (in French) (1st ed.). Retrieved February 17, 2006. 

Using a DOI

  • {{cite book |last=Mumford |first=David |authorlink=David Mumford |date=1999 |title=The Red Book of Varieties and Schemes: Includes the Michigan Lectures (1974) on Curves and Their Jacobians |edition=2nd |publisher=[[Springer-Verlag]] |doi=10.1007/b62130 |isbn=354063293X}}
Mumford, David (1999). The Red Book of Varieties and Schemes: Includes the Michigan Lectures (1974) on Curves and Their Jacobians (2nd ed.). Springer-Verlag. doi:10.1007/b62130. ISBN 354063293X. 

Using author-mask parameter

  • {{cite book |last1=Playfair |first1=Major-General I.S.O. |authorlink1=Ian Stanley Ord Playfair |last2=Stitt |first2=Commander G.M.S. |last3=Molony |first3=Brigadier C.J.C. |last4=Toomer |first4=Air Vice-Marshal S.E. |editor-last=Butler |editor-first=J.R.M. |editor-link=James Ramsay Montagu Butler |series=History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series |title=Mediterranean and Middle East Volume I: The Early Successes Against Italy (to May 1941) |publisher=Naval & Military Press |location=Uckfield, UK |date=2004 |orig-year=1st pub. [[HMSO]]:1954 |isbn=1-845740-65-3 |lastauthoramp=y}}
Playfair, Major-General I.S.O.; Stitt, Commander G.M.S.; Molony, Brigadier C.J.C. & Toomer, Air Vice-Marshal S.E. (2004) [1st pub. HMSO:1954]. Butler, J.R.M., ed. Mediterranean and Middle East Volume I: The Early Successes Against Italy (to May 1941). History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series. Uckfield, UK: Naval & Military Press. ISBN 1-845740-65-3. 
  • {{cite book |last1=Playfair |first1=Major-General I.S.O. |authorlink1=Ian Stanley Ord Playfair |last2=Flynn |first2=Captain F.C. (R.N.) |last3=Molony |first3=Brigadier C.J.C. |last4=Toomer |first4=Air Vice-Marshal S.E. |editor-last=Butler |editor-first=J.R.M. |editor-link=James Ramsay Montagu Butler |series=History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series |title=The Mediterranean and Middle East, Volume II: The Germans Come to the Help of Their Ally (1941) |publisher=Naval & Military Press |location=Uckfield, UK |date=2004 |orig-year=1st pub. [[HMSO]]:1954 |isbn=1-845740-66-1 |lastauthoramp=y |author-mask=2}}
——; Flynn, Captain F.C. (R.N.); Molony, Brigadier C.J.C. & Toomer, Air Vice-Marshal S.E. (2004) [1st pub. HMSO:1954]. Butler, J.R.M., ed. The Mediterranean and Middle East, Volume II: The Germans Come to the Help of Their Ally (1941). History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series. Uckfield, UK: Naval & Military Press. ISBN 1-845740-66-1. 
  • {{cite book |last1=Playfair |first1=Major-General I.S.O. |authorlink1=Ian Stanley Ord Playfair |last2=Flynn |first2=Captain F.C. (R.N.) |last3=Molony |first3=Brigadier C.J.C. |last4=Gleave |first4=Group Captain T.P. |editor-last=Butler |editor-first=Sir James |editor-link=James Ramsay Montagu Butler |series=History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series |title=The Mediterranean and Middle East, Volume III: British Fortunes Reach Their Lowest Ebb (September 1941 to September 1942) |publisher=Naval & Military Press |location=Uckfield, UK |date=2004 |orig-year=1st pub. [[HMSO]]:1954 |isbn=1-845740-67-X |lastauthoramp=y |author-mask=2}}
——; Flynn, Captain F.C. (R.N.); Molony, Brigadier C.J.C. & Gleave, Group Captain T.P. (2004) [1st pub. HMSO:1954]. Butler, Sir James, ed. The Mediterranean and Middle East, Volume III: British Fortunes Reach Their Lowest Ebb (September 1941 to September 1942). History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series. Uckfield, UK: Naval & Military Press. ISBN 1-845740-67-X. 

Using display-authors parameter

  • {{cite book |last1=Playfair |first1=Major-General I.S.O. |authorlink1=Ian Stanley Ord Playfair |last2=Stitt |first2=Commander G.M.S. |last3=Molony |first3=Brigadier C.J.C. |last4=Toomer |first4=Air Vice-Marshal S.E. |editor-last=Butler |editor-first=J.R.M. |editor-link=James Ramsay Montagu Butler |series=History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series |title=Mediterranean and Middle East Volume I: The Early Successes Against Italy (to May 1941) |publisher=Naval & Military Press |location=Uckfield, UK |date=2004 |orig-year=1st pub. [[HMSO]]:1954 |isbn=1-845740-65-3 |display-authors=1}}
Playfair, Major-General I.S.O.; et al. (2004) [1st pub. HMSO:1954]. Butler, J.R.M., ed. Mediterranean and Middle East Volume I: The Early Successes Against Italy (to May 1941). History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series. Uckfield, UK: Naval & Military Press. ISBN 1-845740-65-3. 

Parameters[edit]

Syntax[edit]

Nested parameters rely on their parent parameters:

  • parent
  • OR: parent2—may be used instead of parent
    • child—may be used with parent (and is ignored if parent is not used)
    • OR: child2—may be used instead of child (and is ignored if parent2 is not used)
Where aliases are listed, only one of the parameters may be defined; if multiple aliased parameters are defined, then only one will show.

COinS[edit]

This template embeds COinS metadata in the HTML output, allowing reference management software to retrieve bibliographic metadata. See Wikipedia:COinS. As a general rule, only one data item per parameter. Do not include explanatory or alternate text:

  • Use |date=27 September 2007 not |date=27 September 2007 (print version 25 September)

Use of templates within the citation template is discouraged because many of these templates will add extraneous HTML or CSS that will be included raw in the metadata. Also, HTML entities, for example &nbsp;, &ndash;, etc, should not be used in parameters that contribute to the metadata. Do not include Wiki markup '' (italic font) or ''' (bold font) because these markup characters will contaminate the metadata.

COinS metadata is created for these parameters
  • |periodical=, |journal=, |newspaper=, |magazine=, |work=, |website=, |encyclopedia=, |encyclopaedia=, |dictionary=
  • |chapter=, |contribution=, |entry=, |article=, |section=
  • |title=
  • |publication-place=, |publicationplace=, |place=, |location=
  • |date=, |year=, |publication-date=, |publicationdate=
  • |series=, |version=
  • |volume=
  • |issue=, |number=
  • |page=, |pages=, |at=
  • |edition=
  • |publisher=, |distributor=, |institution=
  • |url=
  • |chapter-url=, |chapterurl=, |contribution-url=, |contributionurl=, |section-url=, |sectionurl=
  • |author#=, |author-last#=, |author#-last=, |last#=, |surname#=
  • |author-first#=, |author#-first=, |first#=, |given#=
  • any of the named identifiers (|isbn=, |issn=, |doi=, |pmc=, etc)

Deprecated[edit]

The coauthor and coauthors parameters are deprecated. Their use will place the page into Category:Pages containing cite templates with deprecated parameters. Use last# / first# or author or authors. If coauthor · coauthors are used for et al, then use display-authors=etal instead.

Description[edit]

Authors[edit]

  • last: Surname of a single author. Do not wikilink—use author-link instead. For corporate authors or authors for whom only one name is listed by the source, use last or one of its aliases (e.g. |author=Bono). Aliases: last1, surname, surname1, author, author1.
    • author: this parameter is used to hold the complete name of a single author (first and last) or to hold the name of a corporate author. This parameter should never hold the names of more than one author.
    • first: Given or first names of author; for example: Firstname Middlename or Firstname M. or Firstname M., Sr. Do not wikilink—use author-link instead. Aliases: first1, given, given1. Requires last; first name will not display if last is empty.
    • OR: for multiple authors, use last1, first1 through lastn, firstn where n is any consecutive number for an unlimited number of authors (each firstn requires a corresponding lastn). See the display parameters to change how many authors are displayed. Aliases: surname1, given1 through surnamen, givenn, or author1 through authorn. For an individual author plus an institutional author, you can use |first1=...|last1=...|author2=....
    • author-link: Title of existing Wikipedia article about the author—not the author's website; do not wikilink. Aliases: author-link1, authorlink, authorlink1, author1-link, author1link.
    • OR: for multiple authors, use author-link1 through author-linkn. Aliases: authorlink1 through authorlinkn, or author1-link through authorn-link, or author1link through authornlink.
    • name-list-format: displays authors and editors in Vancouver style when set to vanc and when the list uses last/first parameters for the name list(s)
  • vauthors: comma separated list of author names in Vancouver style; enclose corporate or institutional author names in doubled parentheses:
    |vauthors=Smythe JB, ((Megabux Corporation))
    • author-link and author-mask may be used for the individual names in |vauthors= as described above
  • authors: Free-form list of author names; use of this parameter is discouraged because it does not contribute to a citation's metadata; not an alias of last
  • coauthors: (deprecated) Names of coauthors. Requires author, authors, or lastn Include coauthors in author or authors or use separate authorn or lastn/firstn to list coauthors.
  • contributor-last: Surname of contributor. Do not wikilink—use contributor-link instead. For book cites only, requires contribution; used primarily to cite afterword, foreword, introduction, or preface to author's work. Aliases: contributor1, contributor1-last, contributor-last1.
    • contributor-first: Given or first names of contributor. Do not wikilink—use contributor-link instead. Aliases: contributor1-first, contributor1-first1.
    • OR: for multiple contributors, use contributor-last1, contributor-first1 through contributor-lastn, contributor-firstn where n is any consecutive number for an unlimited number of contributors (each contributor-firstn requires a corresponding contributor-lastn). Aliases: contributor1-last, contributor1-first through contributorn-last, contributorn-first, or contributor1 through contributorn.
    • contributor-link: Title of existing Wikipedia article about the contributor—not the contributor's website; do not wikilink. Aliases: contributor-link1, contributor1-link.
    • OR: for multiple contributors, use contributor-link1 through contributor-linkn. Aliases: contributor1-link through contributorn-link.
  • translator-last: Surname of translator. Do not wikilink—use translator-link instead. Aliases: translator1, translator1-last, translator-last1.
    • translator-first: Given or first names of translator. Do not wikilink—use translator-link instead. Aliases: translator1-first, translator-first1.
    • OR: for multiple translators, use translator-last1, translator-first1 through translator-lastn, translator-firstn where n is any consecutive number for an unlimited number of translators (each translator-firstn requires a corresponding translator-lastn). Aliases: translator1-last, translator1-first through translatorn-last, translatorn-first, or translator1 through translatorn.
    • translator-link: Title of existing Wikipedia article about the translator—not the translator's website; do not wikilink. Aliases: translator-link1, translator1-link.
    • OR: for multiple translators, use translator-link1 through translator-linkn. Aliases: translator1-link through translatorn-link.
  • collaboration: Name of a group of authors or collaborators; requires author, last, or vauthors which list one or more primary authors; follows author name-list; appends 'et al.' to author name-list.
  • others: To record other contributors to the work, including illustrators. For the parameter value, write Illustrated by John Smith.
  • Note: When using shortened footnotes or parenthetical referencing styles with templates, do not use multiple names in one field or else the anchor will not match the inline link.

Title[edit]

  • title: Title of source. Can be wikilinked to an existing Wikipedia article or url may be used to add an external link, but not both. Displays in italics. If script-title is defined, title holds romanized transliteration of title in script-title.
    • script-title: Original title for languages that do not use a Latin-based alphabet (Arabic, Chinese, Cyrillic, Greek, Hebrew, Japanese, Korean, Vietnamese, etc); not italicized, follows italicized transliteration defined in title. May be prefixed with an ISO 639-1 two-character code to help browsers properly display the script:
      ... |title=Tōkyō tawā |script-title=ja:東京タワー |trans-title=Tokyo Tower ...
    • trans-title: English translation of the title if the source cited is in a foreign language. Displays in square brackets after title; if url is defined, then trans-title is included in the link. Use of the language parameter is recommended.
Titles containing certain characters will display and link incorrectly unless those characters are encoded.
newline [ ] |
space &#91; &#93; {{!}} (preferred)
{{bracket|text}} &#124; or {{pipe}}see also Help:Table § Rendering the vertical line symbol
  • title-link: Title of existing Wikipedia article about the source named in title – do not use a web address; do not wikilink. Alias: titlelink.
  • type: Provides additional information about the media type of the source; format in sentence case. Displays in parentheses following the title. Examples: Thesis, Booklet, CD liner, Press release. Alias: medium.
  • chapter: The chapter heading of the source. May be wikilinked or may use chapter-url, but not both. Displays in quotes.
    • script-chapter: Chapter heading for languages that do not use a Latin-based alphabet (Arabic, Chinese, Cyrillic, Greek, Hebrew, Japanese, Korean, Vietnamese, etc); follows transliteration defined in chapter. Should be prefixed with an ISO 639-1 two-character code to help browsers properly display the script:
      ... |chapter=Tōkyō tawā |script-chapter=ja:東京タワー |trans-chapter=Tokyo Tower ...
    • trans-chapter: English translation of the chapter heading, if the source cited is in a foreign language. Displays in square brackets after the chapter field; if chapter-url is defined, then trans-chapter is included in the link. Use of the language parameter is recommended.
  • language: The language in which the source is written. Displays in parentheses with "in" before the language name or names. Use the full language name or ISO 639-1 code. When the source uses more than one language, list them individually, separated by commas, e.g. |language=French, German. The use of language names or language codes recognized by Wikimedia adds the page to the appropriate subcategory of Category:CS1 foreign language sources; do not use templates or wikilinks. Note: When the language is "English" (or "en"), no language is displayed in the citation. Note: When two or more languages are listed there is no need to include "and" before the last language. "and" is inserted automatically by the template.

Date[edit]

  • date: Date of source being referenced. Can be full date (day, month, and year) or partial date (month and year, season and year, or year). Use same format as other publication dates in the citations.[date 1] Required when year is used to disambiguate {{sfn}} links to multiple-work citations by the same author in the same year.[more] Do not wikilink. Displays after the authors and is enclosed in parentheses. If there is no author, then displays after publisher. For acceptable date formats, see Help:Citation Style 1 § Dates.
For approximate year, precede with "c. ", like this: |date=c. 1900.

For no date, or "undated", add as |date=n.d.
  • year: Year of source being referenced. Use of |date= is recommended unless all of the following conditions are met:
    1. The template uses |ref=harv, or the template is {{citation}}, or |mode=cs2
    2. The |date= format is YYYY-MM-DD.
    3. The citation requires a CITEREF disambiguator.
  • orig-year: Original publication year; displays after the date or year. For clarity, please supply specifics. For example: |orig-year=First published 1859 or |orig-year=Composed 1904. Alias: origyear
  • df: date format; sets rendered dates to the specified format; does not support date ranges or seasonal dates. Accepts one value which may be one of these:
    dmy – set publication dates to day month year format; access- and archive-dates are not modified;
    mdy – as above for month day, year format
    ymd – as above for year initial numeric format YYYY-MM-DD
    dmy-all – set publication, access-, and archive-dates to day month year format;
    mdy-all – as above for month day, year format
    ymd-all – as above for year initial numeric format YYYY-MM-DD
  1. ^ Publication dates in references within an article should all have the same format. This may be a different format from that used for archive and access dates. See MOS:DATEUNIFY.

Publisher[edit]

  • publisher: Name of publisher; may be wikilinked if relevant. The publisher is the company that publishes the work being cited. Do not use the publisher parameter for the name of a work (e.g. a book, encyclopedia, newspaper, magazine, journal, website). Not normally used for periodicals. Corporate designations such as "Ltd", "Inc" or "GmbH" are not usually included. Omit where the publisher's name is substantially the same as the name of the work (for example, The New York Times Co. publishes The New York Times newspaper, so there is no reason to name the publisher). Displays after title; if work is defined, then publisher is enclosed in parentheses.
  • place: Geographical place of publication; generally not wikilinked; omit when the name of the work includes the location; examples: The Boston Globe, The Times of India. Displays after the title; if work is defined, then location is enclosed in parentheses. Alias: location
  • publication-place: If any one of publication-place, place or location are defined, then the location shows after the title; if publication-place and place or location are defined, then place or location are shown before the title prefixed with "written at" and publication-place is shown after the title.
  • publication-date: Date of publication when different from the date the work was written. Displays only if year or date are defined and only if different, else publication-date is used and displayed as date. Use the same format as other dates in the article; do not wikilink. Follows publisher; if work is not defined, then publication-date is preceded by "published" and enclosed in parenthesis.
  • via: Name of the content deliverer (if different from publisher). via is not a replacement for publisher, but provides additional detail. It may be used when the content deliverer presents the source in a format other than the original (e.g. NewsBank), when the URL provided does not make clear the identity of the deliverer, where no URL or DOI is available (EBSCO), if the deliverer requests attribution, or as requested in WP:The Wikipedia Library (e.g. Credo, HighBeam). See also registration and subscription parameters.

Edition, series, volume[edit]

  • edition: When the publication has more than one edition; for example: "2nd", "Revised", and so forth. Appends the string " ed." after the field, so |edition=2nd produces "2nd ed." Does not display if a periodical field is defined.
  • series or version: When the source is part of a series, such as a book series or a journal where the issue numbering has restarted.
  • volume: For one publication published in several volumes. Displays after the title and series fields; volumes of four characters or less display in bold.

In-source locations[edit]

  • page: The number of a single page in the source that supports the content. Use either |page= or |pages=, but not both. Displays preceded by p. unless |nopp=y.
  • OR: pages: A range of pages in the source that supports the content. Use either |page= or |pages=, but not both. Separate using an en dash (–); separate non-sequential pages with a comma (,); do not use to indicate the total number of pages in the source. Displays preceded by pp. unless |nopp=y. Hyphens are automatically converted to en dashes; if hyphens are appropriate, for example: pp. 3-1–3-15, use |at=.
    • nopp: Set to y, yes, or true to suppress the p. or pp. notations where this is inappropriate; for example, where |page=Front cover or |pages=passim.
  • OR: at: For sources where a page number is inappropriate or insufficient. Overridden by |page= or |pages=. Use only one of |page=, |pages=, or |at=.
Examples: page (p.) or pages (pp.); section (sec.), column (col.), paragraph (para.); track; hours, minutes and seconds; act, scene, canto, book, part, folio, stanza, back cover, liner notes, indicia, colophon, dust jacket, verse.

URL[edit]

  • url: URL of an online location where the text of the publication can be found. Cannot be used if title is wikilinked. If applicable, the link may point to the specific page(s) referenced. Remove tracking parameters from URLs, e.g. #ixzz2rBr3aO94 or ?utm_source=google&utm_medium=...&utm_term=...&utm_campaign=.... See WP:PAGELINKS. Do not link to any commercial booksellers, such as Amazon.com. Invalid URLs, including those containing spaces, will result in an error message.
    • access-date: Full date when the content pointed to by url was last verified to support the text in the article; do not wikilink; requires url; use the same format as other access and archive dates in the citations.[date 1] Not required for linked documents that do not change. For example, access-date is not required for links to copies of published research papers accessed via DOI or a published book, but should be used for links to news articles on commercial websites (these can change from time to time, even if they are also published in a physical medium). Note that access-date is the date that the URL was checked to not just be working, but to support the assertion being cited (which the current version of the page may not do). Can be hidden or styled by registered editors. Alias: accessdate.
    • archive-url: The URL of an archived copy of a web page, if or in case the original URL becomes unavailable. Typically used to refer to services like WebCite (see Wikipedia:Using WebCite) and Internet Archive (see Wikipedia:Using the Wayback Machine); requires archive-date and url. Alias: archiveurl.
      • archive-date: Date when the original URL was archived; preceded by default text "archived from the original on". Use the same format as other access and archive dates in the citations. This does not necessarily have to be the same format that was used for citing publication dates.[date 1] Do not wikilink. Alias: archivedate.
      • dead-url: When the URL is still live, but pre-emptively archived, then set |dead-url=no. This changes the display order with the title retaining the original link and the archive linked at the end. When the original URL has been usurped for the purposes of spam, advertising, or is otherwise unsuitable, setting |dead-url=unfit or |dead-url=usurped will not link to the original URL in the rendered citation; |url= is still required. Other accepted values are y, yes, or true. Alias: deadurl.
    • template-doc-demo: The archive parameters will be error checked to ensure that all the required parameters are included, or else {{citation error}} is invoked. With errors, main, help and template pages are placed into one of the subcategories of Category:Articles with incorrect citation syntax. Set |template-doc-demo=true to disable categorization; mainly used for documentation where the error is demonstrated.
  • format: Format of the work referred to by url; for example: PDF, DOC, or XLS; displayed in parentheses after title. HTML is implied and should not be specified. Automatically added when a PDF icon is displayed. Does not change the external link icon. Note: External link icons do not include alt text; thus, they do not add format information for the visually impaired.
URLs must begin with a supported URI scheme. http:// and https:// will be supported by all browsers; however, ftp://, gopher://, irc://, ircs://, mailto: and news: may require a plug-in or an external application and should normally be avoided. IPv6 host-names are currently not supported.
If URLs in citation template parameters contain certain characters, then they will not display and link correctly. Those characters need to be percent-encoded. For example, a space must be replaced by %20. To encode the URL, replace the following characters with:
sp " ' < > [ ] { | }
 %20  %22  %27  %3c  %3e  %5b  %5d  %7b  %7c  %7d
Single apostrophes do not need to be encoded; however, unencoded multiples will be parsed as italic or bold markup. Single curly closing braces also do not need to be encoded; however, an unencoded pair will be parsed as the double closing braces for the template transclusion.
  1. ^ a b Access-date and archive-date in references should all have the same format – either the format used for publication dates, or YYYY-MM-DD. See MOS:DATEUNIFY.

Chapter URL[edit]

  • chapter-url: URL of an individual chapter of online source. Should be at the same site as url, if any. If chapter-url is used, url should only be used if the beginning of the work and the cited chapter are on separate webpages at the site. chapter may be wikilinked or chapter-url used, but not both. Aliases: chapterurl, contribution-url, section-url.
  • chapter-format: Format of the work referred to by chapter-url; for example: PDF, DOC, or XLS; displayed in parentheses after chapter. HTML is implied and should not be specified. Does not change the external link icon. Note: External link icons do not include alt text; thus, they do not add format information for the visually impaired.

Anchor[edit]

Identifiers[edit]

  • id: A unique identifier, used where none of the specialized identifiers are applicable; wikilink or use a template as applicable. For example, |id=NCJ 122967 will append "NCJ 122967" at the end of the citation. You can use templates such as |id={{NCJ|122967}} to append NCJ 122967 instead.

These identifiers create links and are designed to accept a single value. Using multiple values or other text will break the link and/or invalidate the identifier. In general, the parameters should include only the variable part of the identifier, e.g. rfc=822 or pmc=345678.

  • arxiv: arXiv identifier; for example: arxiv=hep-th/9205027 (before April 2007) or arxiv=0706.0001 or arxiv=1501.00001 (since April 2007). Do not include extraneous file extensions like ".pdf" or ".html".
  • asin: Amazon Standard Identification Number; if first character of asin value is a digit, use isbn.
    • asin-tld: ASIN top-level domain for Amazon sites other than the US; valid values: au, br, ca, cn, co.jp, co.uk, de, es, fr, it, mx
  • bibcode: Bibcode; used by a number of astronomical data systems; for example: 1974AJ.....79..819H
  • biorxiv: biorXiv id, a 6-digit number at the end of the biorXiv URL (e.g. 078733 for http://biorxiv.org/content/early/2016/10/01/078733 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1101/078733)
  • citeseerx: CiteSeerX id, a string of digits and dots found in a CiteSeerX URL (e.g. 10.1.1.176.341 for http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/summary?doi=10.1.1.176.341 )
  • doi: Digital object identifier; for example: 10.1038/news070508-7. It is checked to ensure it begins with (10.).
    • doi-broken-date: Date the DOI was found to be non-working at http://dx.doi.org. Use the same format as other dates in the article. Alias: doi_brokendate, doi-inactive-date
  • eissn: International Standard Serial Number for the electronic media of a serial publication; eight characters may be split into two groups of four using a hyphen, but not an en dash or a space. Alias: EISSN
  • hdl: Handle System identifier for digital objects and other resources on the Internet. Alias: HDL
  • isbn: International Standard Book Number; for example: 978-0-8126-9593-9. (See Wikipedia:ISBN and ISBN § Overview.) Dashes in the ISBN are optional, but preferred. Use the ISBN actually printed on or in the book. Use the 13-digit ISBN – beginning with 978 or 979 – when it is available. If only a 10-digit ISBN is printed on or in the book, use it. ISBNs can be found on the page with the publisher's information – usually the back of the title page – or beneath the barcode as a number beginning with 978 or 979 (barcodes beginning with any other numbers are not ISBNs). For sources with the older 9-digit SBN system, prefix the number with a zero; thus, SBN 902888-45-5 should be entered as |isbn=0-902888-45-5. Do not convert a 10-digit ISBN to 13-digit by just adding the 978 prefix; the last digit is a calculated check digit and just making changes to the numbers will make the ISBN invalid. This parameter should hold only the ISBN without any additional characters. It is checked for length, invalid characters – anything other than numbers, spaces, and hyphens, with "X" permitted as the last character in a 10-digit ISBN – and the proper check digit. Alias: ISBN
  • ismn: International Standard Music Number; for example: 979-0-9016791-7-7. Hyphens or spaces in the ISMN are optional. Use the ISMN actually printed on or in the work. This parameter should hold only the ISMN without any additional characters. It is checked for length, invalid characters – anything other than numbers, spaces, and hyphens – and the proper check digit. Alias: ISMN
  • issn: International Standard Serial Number; eight characters may be split into two groups of four using a hyphen, but not an en dash or a space. Alias: ISSN
  • jfm: Jahrbuch über die Fortschritte der Mathematik
  • jstor: JSTOR reference number; for example: jstor=3793107 will generate JSTOR 3793107.
  • lccn: Library of Congress Control Number. When present, alphabetic prefix characters are to be lower case.
  • mr: Mathematical Reviews
  • oclc: OCLC; WorldCat's Online Computer Library Center
  • ol: Open Library identifier; do not include "OL" in the value.
  • osti: Office of Scientific and Technical Information
  • pmc: PubMed Central; use article number for full-text free repository of a journal article, e.g. pmc=345678. Do not include "PMC" in the value. See also the pmid parameter, below; these are two different identifiers.
    • embargo: Date that pmc goes live; if this date is in the future, then pmc is not linked until that date.
  • pmid: PubMed; use unique identifier. See also the pmc parameter, above; these are two different identifiers.
  • rfc: Request for Comments
  • ssrn: Social Science Research Network
  • zbl: Zentralblatt MATH

Quote[edit]

  • quote: Relevant text quoted from the source. Displays enclosed in quotes. When supplied, the citation terminator (a period by default) is suppressed, so the quote must include terminating punctuation.

Editors[edit]

  • editor-last: Surname of editor. Do not wikilink—use editor-link instead. Where the surname is usually written first—as in Chinese—or for corporate authors, simply use editor-last to include the same format as the source. Aliases: editor-last1, editor-surname, editor-surname1, editor1-last, editor, editor1.
    • editor: this parameter is used to hold the complete name of a single editor (first and last). This parameter should never hold the names of more than one editor.
    • editor-first: Given or first names of editor, including title(s); example: Firstname Middlename or Firstname M. or Dr. Firstname M., Sr. Do not wikilink—use editor-link instead. Aliases: editor-first1, editor-given, editor-given1, editor1-first.
    • OR: for multiple editors, use editor-last1, editor-first1 through editor-lastn, editor-firstn (Aliases: editor-surnamen or editorn-last; editor-givenn or editorn-first; editorn). For an individual editor plus an institutional editor, you can use |editor-first1=...|editor-last1=...|editor2=....
  • editor-link: Title of existing Wikipedia article about the editor—not the editor's website; do not wikilink. Aliases: editor-link1.
  • OR: for multiple editors, use editor-link1 through editor-linkn (alias editorn-link).
  • name-list-format: displays authors and editors in Vancouver style when set to vanc and when the list uses last/first parameters for the name list(s)
  • veditors: comma separated list of editor names in Vancouver style; enclose corporate or institutional names in doubled parentheses:
    |veditors=Smythe JB, ((Megabux Corporation))
  • editor-linkn and editor-maskn may be used for the individual names in |veditors=, as described above
  • editors: Free-form list of editor names; use of this parameter is discouraged; not an alias of editor-last
Display:
Use display-editors to control the length of the displayed editor name list and to specify when "et al." is included.
If authors: Authors are first, followed by the included work, then "In" and the editors, then the main work.
If no authors: Editors appear before the included work; a single editor is followed by "ed."; multiple editors are followed by "eds."

Laysummary[edit]

  • lay-url: URL link to a non-technical summary or review of the source; the URL title is set to "Lay summary". Aliases: lay-summary, laysummary.
    • lay-source: Name of the source of the laysummary. Displays in italics and preceded by an endash. Alias: laysource.
    • lay-date: Date of the summary. Displays in parentheses. Alias: laydate.

Display options[edit]

  • mode: Sets element separator, default terminal punctuation, and certain capitalization according to the value provided. For |mode=cs1, element separator and terminal punctuation is a period (.); where appropriate, initial letters of certain words are capitalized ('Retrieved...'). For |mode=cs2, element separator is a comma (,); terminal punctuation is omitted; where appropriate, initial letters of certain words are not capitalized ('retrieved...'). To override default terminal punctuation use postscript.
  • author-mask: Replaces the name of the first author with em dashes or text. Set author-mask to a numeric value n to set the dash n em spaces wide; set author-mask to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, "with". You must still include the values for all authors for metadata purposes. Primarily intended for use with bibliographies or bibliography styles where multiple works by a single author are listed sequentially such as shortened footnotes. Do not use in a list generated by {{reflist}}, <references /> or similar as there is no control of the order in which references are displayed. You can also use editor-mask and translator-mask in the same way.
  • display-authors: Controls the number of author names that are displayed when a citation is published. To change the displayed number of authors, set display-authors to the desired number. For example, |display-authors=2 will display only the first two authors in a citation. By default, all authors are displayed. |display-authors=etal displays all authors in the list followed by et al. Aliases: displayauthors.
  • display-editors: Controls the number of editor names that are displayed when a citation is published. To change the displayed number of editors, set display-editors to the desired number. For example, |display-editors=2 will display only the first two editors in a citation. By default, all editors are displayed. |display-editors=etal displays all editors in the list followed by et al. Aliases: displayeditors.
  • last-author-amp: Switches the separator between the last two names of the author list to space ampersand space ( & ) when set to y, yes, or true. Example: |last-author-amp=yes
  • postscript: Controls the closing punctuation for a citation; defaults to a period (.); for no terminating punctuation, specify |postscript=none – leaving |postscript= empty is the same as omitting it, but is ambiguous. Ignored if quote is defined.

Subscription or registration required[edit]

Citations of online sources that require registration or a subscription are acceptable in Wikipedia as documented in Verifiability – Access to sources. As a courtesy to readers and other editors, editors can signal the access restrictions of the external links included in a citation.

Four access levels can be used:

  • Freely accessible free: the source is free to read for anyone
  • Free registration required registration: a free registration is required to access the source
  • Free access subject to limited trial, subscription normally required limited: there are other constraints (such as a cap on daily views) to freely access this source
  • Paid subscription required subscription: the source is only accessible via a paid subscription

As there are often multiple external links with different access levels in the same citation, these values are attributed to a particular external link.

Access level of |url=[edit]

Links inserted with |url= are expected to be free to read by default. If not, editors can use one of

  • |url-access=subscription
  • |url-access=registration
  • |url-access=limited

to indicate the relevant access restriction.

Access level of identifiers[edit]

Links inserted by identifiers such as |doi= are not expected to offer a free full text by default. If they do, editors can use |doi-access=free (in the case of |doi=) to indicate the relevant access level. The following identifiers are supported:

  • |bibcode= with |bibcode-access=free
  • |doi= with |doi-access=free
  • |hdl= with |hdl-access=free
  • |jstor= with |jstor-access=free
  • |ol= with |ol-access=free
  • |osti= with |osti-access=free

Some identifiers always link to free full texts. In this case, the access level is automatically indicated by the template. This is the case for |arxiv=, |biorxiv=, |citeseerx=, |pmc=, |rfc= and |ssrn=.

Ambiguous access parameters[edit]

The parameters |registration=yes and |subscription=yes can also be used to indicate the access level of a citation. However, they do not indicate which link they apply to, so editors are encouraged to use |url-access=registration and |url-access=subscription instead, when the restriction applies to |url=. If the restriction applies to an identifier, these parameters should be omitted.

These parameters add a link note to the end of the citation:

  • registration: For online sources that require registration, set |registration=yes (or y, or true); superseded by subscription if both are set.
  • subscription: For online sources that require a subscription, set |subscription=yes (or y, or true); supersedes registration if both are set.

Setting |registration= or |subscription= to any value other than y, yes, or true will generate an error message.

TemplateData[edit]

This is the TemplateData documentation for this template used by VisualEditor and other tools.

See the monthly error report for this template.

TemplateData for Cite book

This template formats a citation to a book using the provided bibliographic information (such as author and title) as well as various formatting options.

Template parameters

Parameter Description Type Status
URL urlURL

The URL of the online location where the text of the publication can be found

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Title title

The title of the book; displays in italics

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String required
Title link title-linktitlelinkepisode-linkepisodelink

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the source named in title – do not use a web address; do not wikilink.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Page optional
Last name lastlast1authorauthor1author1-lastauthor-lastsurname1author-last1subject1surnameauthor-lastsubject

The surname of the author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String suggested
First name firstgivenauthor-firstfirst1given1author-first1author1-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String suggested
Vancouver style author list vauthors

If using Vancouver style, comma separated list of author names; enclose corporate or institutional author names in doubled parentheses

Default
empty
Example
Smythe JB, ((Megabux Corporation))
Auto value
empty
String optional
Last name 2 last2author2surname2author-last2author2-lastsubject2

The surname of the second author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink2'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
First name 2 first2given2author-first2author2-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the second author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Last name 3 last3author3surname3author-last3author3-lastsubject3

The surname of the third author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink3'.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
First name 3 first3given3author-first3author3-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the third author; don't wikilink.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Last name 4 last4author4surname4author-last4author4-lastsubject4

The surname of the fourth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink4'.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
First name 4 first4given4author-first4author4-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fourth author; don't wikilink.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Last name 5 last5author5surname5author-last5author5-lastsubject5

The surname of the fifth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink5'.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
First name 5 first5given5author-first5author5-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fifth author; don't wikilink.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Last name 6 last6author6surname6author-last6author6-lastsubject6

The surname of the sixth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink6'.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
First name 6 first6given6author-first6author6-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the sixth author; don't wikilink.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Last name 7 last7author7surname7author-last7author7-lastsubject7

The surname of the seventh author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink7'.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
First name 7 first7given7author-first7author7-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the seventh author; don't wikilink.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Last name 8 last8author8surname8author-last8author8-lastsubject8

The surname of the eighth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink8'.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
First name 8 first8given8author-first8author8-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the eighth author; don't wikilink.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Last name 9 last9author9surname9author-last9author9-lastsubject9

The surname of the ninth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink9'. If nine authors are defined, then only eight will show and 'et al.' will show in place of the last author.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
First name 9 first9given9author-first9author9-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the ninth author; don't wikilink.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Collaboration collaboration

Name of a group of authors or collaborators; requires author, last, or vauthors which list one or more primary authors; follows author name-list; appends 'et al.' to author name-list.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Date dateair-dateairdate

Full date of the source; do not wikilink

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Work workjournalwebsitenewspapermagazineencyclopediaencyclopaediadictionarymailinglist

Name of the work in which the cited book text is found

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Publisher publisherdistributorinstitutionnewsgroup

Name of the publisher; displays after title

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String suggested
Others others

Used to record other contributions to the work, such as 'Illustrated by John Smith' or 'Translated by John Smith'

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Year of publication year

Year of the source being referenced; use 'date' instead, if month and day are also known

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String suggested
ISBN isbnISBN13isbn13ISBN

International Standard Book Number; use the 13-digit ISBN where possible

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String suggested
Ignore ISBN Error ignore-isbn-error

True if ISBN Errors should be ignored.If set, page will be added to a maintenance category "CS1 maint: Ignored ISBN errors".

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Boolean optional
Editor last name editor-lasteditoreditor-surnameeditor-last1editor-surname1editor1editor1-lasteditor1-surname

The surname of the editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor-link'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Unknown optional
Editor first name editor-firsteditor-giveneditor-first1editor-given1editor1-firsteditor1-given

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor-link'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Unknown optional
Link for editor editor-linkeditorlinkeditor-link1editor1-linkeditorlink1editor1link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the editor

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Page optional
Editor mask editor-maskeditormaskeditormask1editor1-maskeditor-mask1editor1mask

Replaces the name of the first editor with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing editor separator; for example, 'with' instead

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Vancouver style editor list veditors

Comma separated list of editor names in Vancouver style; enclose corporate or institutional names in doubled parentheses

Default
empty
Example
Smythe JB, ((Megabux Corporation))
Auto value
empty
String optional
Editors list editors

Free-form list of editor names; use of this parameter is discouraged

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Unknown deprecated
Edition edition

When the publication has more than one edition; for example: '2nd', 'Revised' etc.; suffixed by ' ed.'

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Series identifier seriesversion

Series identifier when the source is part of a series, such as a book series or a journal

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Volume volume

For one publication published in several volumes

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Location of publication locationplace

Geographical place of publication; usually not wikilinked; omit when the publication name includes place

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String suggested
Place of publication publication-placepublicationplace

Publication place shows after title; if 'place' or 'location' are also given, they are displayed before the title prefixed with 'written at'

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Publication date publication-datepublicationdate

Date of publication when different from the date the work was written; do not wikilink

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Page pagep

The number of a single page in the source that supports the content; displays after 'p.'; use either page= or pages=, but not both

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Page(s) cited pagespp

A range of pages in the source that support the content (not an indication of the number of pages in the source); displays after 'pp.'; use either page= or pages=, but not both

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String suggested
No pp nopp

Set to 'y' to suppress the 'p.' or 'pp.' display with 'page' or 'pages' when inappropriate (such as 'Front cover')

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
At at

May be used instead of 'page' or 'pages' where a page number is inappropriate or insufficient

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Language languagein

The language in which the source is written, if not English; use the full language name; do not use icons or templates

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Translator last name translator-lasttranslatortranslator-last1translator1translator1-last

The surname of the translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional translators.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Translator first name translator-firsttranslator1-firsttranslator-first1

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional translators.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Script title script-title

For titles in languages that do not use a Latin-based alphabet (Arabic, Chinese, Cyrillic, Greek, Hebrew, Japanese, Korean, Vietnamese, etc). Prefix with two-character ISO639-1 language code followed by a colon. For Japanese use: |script-title=ja:...

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Translated title trans-titletrans_title

An English language title, if the source cited is in a foreign language; 'language' is recommended

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Chapter chaptercontributionentryarticlesection

The chapter heading of the source; may be wikilinked or with 'chapterurl' but not both. For the contribution alias, see contributor-last

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Script Chapter script-chapter

Chapter heading for languages that do not use a Latin-based alphabet (Arabic, Chinese, Cyrillic, Greek, Hebrew, Japanese, Korean, Vietnamese, etc); follows transliteration defined in chapter. Should be prefixed with an ISO 639-1 two-character code to help browsers properly display the script

Default
empty
Example
ja:東京タワー
Auto value
empty
String optional
Translated chapter trans-chaptertrans_chapter

An English language chapter heading, if the source cited is in a foreign language; 'language' is recommended

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Type typemedium

Additional information about the media type of the source; format in sentence case

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Format format

Format of the work referred to by 'url'; examples: PDF, DOC, XLS; do not specify HTML

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
arXiv identifier arxivARXIVeprint

An identifier for arXive electronic preprints of scientific papers

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
arXiv Class class

Cite arXiv identifiers

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
ASIN asinASIN

Amazon Standard Identification Number; 10 characters

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
ASIN TLD asin-tld

ASIN top-level domain for Amazon sites other than the US

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Bibcode bibcode

Bibliographic Reference Code (REFCODE); 19 characters

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
biorXiv biorxiv

biorXiv identifier; 6 digits

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Line optional
CiteSeerX citeseerx

CiteSeerX identifier; found after the 'doi=' query parameter

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Line optional
DOI doiDOI

Digital Object Identifier; begins with '10.'

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
EISSN eissnEISSN

International Standard Serial Number for the electronic media of a serial publication; eight characters may be split into two groups of four using a hyphen, but not an en dash or a space.

Default
empty
Example
2009-0048
Auto value
empty
String optional
Handle System identifier hdlHDL

Handle System identifier for digital objects and other resources on the Internet

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
ISMN ismnISMN

International Standard Music Number; Use the ISMN actually printed on or in the work. Hyphens or spaces in the ISMN are optional.

Default
empty
Example
979-0-9016791-7-7
Auto value
empty
String optional
ISSN issnISSN

International Standard Serial Number; 8 characters; may be split into two groups of four using a hyphen

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
jfm code jfm

Jahrbuch über die Fortschritte der Mathematik classification code

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
JSTOR jstorJSTOR

JSTOR identifier

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
LCCN lccnLCCN

Library of Congress Control Number

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
MR mrMR

Mathematical Reviews identifier

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
OCLC oclcOCLC

Online Computer Library Center number

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
OL olOL

Open Library identifier; do not include "OL" at beginning of identifier

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
OSTI ostiOSTI

Office of Scientific and Technical Information identifier

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
PMC pmc

PubMed Center article number

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
PMID pmidPMID

PubMed Unique Identifier

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
RFC rfc

Request for Comments number

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
SSRN ssrn

Social Science Research Network

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Zbl zbl

Zentralblatt MATH journal identifier

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
id idID

A unique identifier used where none of the specialized ones are applicable

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Quote quotequotation

Relevant text quoted from the source; displays last, enclosed in quotes; needs to include terminating punctuation

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String suggested
Ref ref

An anchor identifier; can be made the target of wikilinks to full references; special value 'harv' generates an anchor suitable for the harv and sfn templates

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Name list format name-list-format

Accepts the single keyword 'vanc' to emulate Vancouver Style author / editor name-lists.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Mode mode

Sets separator and terminal punctuation to the style named in the assigned value; allowable values are: 'cs1' or 'cs2'

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Postscript postscript

The closing punctuation for the citation; ignored if 'quote' is defined; to suppress use reserved keyword 'none'

Default
.
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Registration registration

For online sources that require registration, set to 'yes' (or 'y', or 'true'); superseded by subscription if both are set

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Subscription subscription

For online sources that require subscription, set to 'yes' (or 'y', or 'true'); supersedes registration if both are set

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Author mask author-maskauthormaskauthormask1author1-maskauthor-mask1author1mask

Replaces the name of the first author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Author mask 2 author-mask2authormask2author2-maskauthor2mask

Replaces the name of the second author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Author mask 3 author-mask3authormask3author3-maskauthor3mask

Replaces the name of the third author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Author mask 4 author-mask4authormask4author4-maskauthor4mask

Replaces the name of the fourth author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Author mask 5 author-mask5authormask5author5-maskauthor5mask

Replaces the name of the fifth author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Author mask 6 author-mask6authormask6author6-maskauthor6mask

Replaces the name of the sixth author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Author mask 7 author-mask7authormask7author7-maskauthor7mask

Replaces the name of the seventh author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Author mask 8 author-mask8authormask8author8-maskauthor8mask

Replaces the name of the eighth author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Author mask 9 author-mask9authormask9author9-maskauthor9mask

Replaces the name of the ninth author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Display authors display-authorsdisplayauthors

number of authors to display before 'et al.' is used

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Number optional
Author link author-linkauthorlinksubjectlinksubject-linkauthorlink1author-link1author1-linksubjectlink1author1linksubject-link1subject1-linksubject1link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the author; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Page optional
Author link 2 author-link2authorlink2author2-linksubjectlink2author2linksubject-link2subject2-linksubject2link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the second author; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Page optional
Author link 3 author-link3authorlink3author3-linksubjectlink3author3linksubject-link3subject3-linksubject3link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the third author.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Page optional
Author link 4 author-link4authorlink4author4-linksubjectlink4author4linksubject-link4subject4-linksubject4link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the fourth author.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Page optional
Author link 5 author-link5authorlink5author5-linksubjectlink5author5linksubject-link5subject5-linksubject5link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the sixth author.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Page optional
Author link 6 author-link6authorlink6author6-linksubjectlink6author6linksubject-link6subject6-linksubject6link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the sixth author.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Page optional
Author link 7 author-link7authorlink7author7-linksubjectlink7author7linksubject-link7subject7-linksubject7link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the seventh author.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Page optional
Author link 8 author-link8authorlink8author8-linksubjectlink8author8linksubject-link8subject8-linksubject8link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the eighth author.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Page optional
Author link 9 author-link9authorlink9author9-linksubjectlink9author9linksubject-link9subject9-linksubject9link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the ninth author.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Page optional
URL access date access-dateaccessdate

The full date when the original URL was accessed; do not wikilink

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Original year orig-yearorigyear

Original year of publication; provide specifics

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Last name of second editor editor-last2editor-surname2editor2editor2-lasteditor2-surname

The surname of the second editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor2-link'

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
First name of second editor editor-first2editor-given2editor2-firsteditor2-given

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the second editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor2-link'

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Link for second editor editor-link2editor2-linkeditorlink2editor2link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the second editor

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Page optional
Mask for second editor editor-mask2editormask2editor2-maskeditor2mask

Replaces the name of the second editor with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing editor separator; for example, 'with' instead

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Last name of third editor editor-last3editor-surname3editor3editor3-lasteditor3-surname

The surname of the third editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor3-link'

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
First name of third editor editor-first3editor-given3editor3-firsteditor3-given

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the third editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor3-link'

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Link for third editor editor-link3editor3-linkeditorlink3editor3link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the third editor

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Page optional
Mask for third editor editor-mask3editormask3editor3-maskeditor3mask

Replaces the name of the third editor with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing editor separator; for example, 'with' instead

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Last name of fourth editor editor-last4editor-surname4editor4editor4-lasteditor4-surname

The surname of the fourth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor4-link'

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
First name of fourth editor editor-first4editor-given4editor4-firsteditor4-given

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fourth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor4-link'

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Link for fourth editor editor-link4editor4-linkeditorlink4editor4link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the fourth editor

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Page optional
Mask for fourth editor editor-mask4editormask4editor4-maskeditor4mask

Replaces the name of the fourth editor with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing editor separator; for example, 'with' instead

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Last name of fifth editor editor-last5editor-surname5editor5editor5-lasteditor5-surname

The surname of the fifth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor5-link'

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
First name of fifth editor editor-first5editor-given5editor5-firsteditor5-given

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fifth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor5-link'

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Link for fifth editor editor-link5editor5-linkeditorlink5editor5link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the fifth editor

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Page optional
Mask for fifth editor editor-mask5editormask5editor5-maskeditor5mask

Replaces the name of the fifth editor with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing editor separator; for example, 'with' instead

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Last name of sixth editor editor-last6editor-surname6editor6editor6-lasteditor6-surname

The surname of the sixth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor6-link'

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
First name of sixth editor editor-first6editor-given6editor6-firsteditor6-given

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the sixth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor6-link'

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Link for sixth editor editor-link6editor6-linkeditorlink6editor6link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the sixth editor

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Page optional
Mask for sixth editor editor-mask6editormask6editor6-maskeditor6mask

Replaces the name of the sixth editor with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing editor separator; for example, 'with' instead

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Last name of seventh editor editor-last7editor-surname7editor7editor7-lasteditor7-surname

The surname of the seventh editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor7-link'

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
First name of seventh editor editor-first7editor-given7editor7-firsteditor7-given

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the seventh editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor7-link'

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Link for seventh editor editor-link7editor7-linkeditorlink7editor7link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the seventh editor

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Page optional
Mask for seventh editor editor-mask7editormask7editor7-maskeditor7mask

Replaces the name of the seventh editor with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing editor separator; for example, 'with' instead

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Last name of eighth editor editor-last8editor-surname8editor8editor8-lasteditor8-surname

The surname of the eighth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor8-link'

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
First name of eighth editor editor-first8editor-given8editor8-firsteditor8-given

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the eighth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor8-link'

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Link for eighth editor editor-link8editor8-linkeditorlink8editor8link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the eighth editor

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Page optional
Mask for eighth editor editor-mask8editormask8editor8-maskeditor8mask

Replaces the name of the eighth editor with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing editor separator; for example, 'with' instead

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Last name of ninth editor editor-last9editor-surname9editor9editor9-lasteditor9-surname

The surname of the ninth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor9-link'

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
First name of ninth editor editor-first9editor-given9editor9-firsteditor9-given

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the ninth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor9-link'

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Link for ninth editor editor-link9editor9-linkeditorlink9editor9link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the ninth editor

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Page optional
Mask for ninth editor editor-mask9editormask9editor9-maskeditor9mask

Replaces the name of the ninth editor with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing editor separator; for example, 'with' instead

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Display Editors display-editorsdisplayeditors

Controls the number of editor names that are displayed when a citation is published. To change the displayed number of editors, set display-editors to the desired number. For example, |display-editors=2 will display only the first two editors in a citation. By default, all editors are displayed. |display-editors=etal displays all editors in the list followed by et al.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Translator last name 2 translator-last2translator2translator2-last

The surname of the second translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Translator first name 2 translator-first2translator2-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the second translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Translator last name 3 translator-last3translator3translator3-last

The surname of the third translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Translator first name 3 translator-first3translator3-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the third translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Translator last name 4 translator-last4translator4translator4-last

The surname of the fourth translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Translator first name 4 translator-first4translator4-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fourth translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Translator last name 5 translator-last5translator5translator5-last

The surname of the fifth translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Translator first name 5 translator-first5translator5-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fifth translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Translator last name 6 translator-last6translator6translator6-last

The surname of the sixth translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Translator first name 6 translator-first6translator6-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the sixth translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Translator last name 7 translator-last7translator7translator7-last

The surname of the seventh translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Translator first name 7 translator-first7translator7-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the seventh translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Translator last name 8 translator-last8translator8translator8-last

The surname of the eighth translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Translator first name 8 translator-first8translator8-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the eighth translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Translator last name 9 translator-last9translator9translator9-last

The surname of the ninth translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Translator first name 9 translator-first9translator9-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the ninth translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Translator link translator-linktranslator-link1translator1-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the translator; can suffix with a numeral to add additional translators.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Page optional
Translator link 2 translator-link2translator2-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the second translator.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Page optional
Translator link 3 translator-link3translator3-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the third translator.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Page optional
Translator link 4 translator-link4translator4-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the fourth translator.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Page optional
Translator link 5 translator-link5translator5-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the fifth translator.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Page optional
Translator link 6 translator-link6translator6-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the sixth translator.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Page optional
Translator link 7 translator-link7translator7-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the seventh translator.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Page optional
Translator link 8 translator-link8translator8-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the eighth translator.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Page optional
Translator link 9 translator-link9translator9-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the ninth translator.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Page optional
Chapter URL chapter-urlchapterurlcontribution-urlsection-urlcontributionurlsectionurl

The URL of the online location where the text of the chapter can be found

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Format of Chapter URL chapter-formatcontribution-formatsection-format

Format of the work referred to by chapter-url; displayed in parentheses after chapter. HTML is implied and should not be specified.

Default
empty
Example
PDF, DOC, or XLS
Auto value
empty
String optional
DOI broken date doi-broken-datedoi_brokendate

The date that the DOI was determined to be broken

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Archive URL archive-urlarchiveurl

The URL of an archived copy of a web page, if or in case the URL becomes unavailable; requires 'archivedate'

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Archive Format archive-format

Format of the Archive

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Archive date archive-datearchivedate

Date when the original URL was archived; do not wikilink

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Dead URL dead-urldeadurl

If set to 'no', the title display is adjusted; useful for when the URL is archived preemptively but still live

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Lay URL lay-urllay-summarylaysummarylayurl

URL link to a non-technical summary or review of the source

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Lay source lay-sourcelaysource

Name of the source of the laysummary; displays in italics, preceded by an en dash

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Lay date lay-datelaydate

Date of the summary; displays in parentheses

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Last author ampersand last-author-amplastauthoramp

When set to any value, changes the separator between the last two names of the author list to 'space ampersand space'

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Via via

Aggregate or database provider, when different from the Publisher. Typically used for Ebooks.

Default
empty
Example
Open Edition, JSTOR
Auto value
empty
String suggested
URL access level url-access

Classification of the access restrictions on the URL ('registration', 'subscription' or 'limited')

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Bibcode access level bibcode-access

If the full text is available from ADS via this Bibcode, type 'free'.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
DOI access level doi-access

If the full text is free to read via the DOI, type 'free'.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
HDL access level hdl-access

If the full text is free to read via the HDL, type 'free'.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Jstor access level jstor-access

If the full text is free to read on Jstor, type 'free'.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
OpenLibrary access level ol-access

If the full text is free to read on OpenLibrary, type 'free'.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
OSTI access level osti-access

If the full text is free to read on OSTI, type 'free'.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Issue issuenumber

Issue number. This parameter is not supported by and should generally not be used with cite book. Consider that a different cite template may be more appropriate, such as cite magazine or cite journal. See Help:Citation_Style_1#Pages.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Coauthor coauthor

Coauthor

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String deprecated
Coauthors coauthors

Coauthors

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String deprecated
Authors list authorspeoplehostcredits

List of authors as a free form list. Use of this parameter is discouraged, "lastn" to "firstn" are preferable. Warning: do not use if last or any of its aliases are used.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
City of Publication city

Where published

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String deprecated
Agency agency

Unusual in cite book. Use if an agency is needed in addition to publisher, etc.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Department department

Unusual in cite book.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Unknown optional
Date format df

Sets rendered dates to the specified format

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional

See also[edit]

This template produces COinS metadata; see COinS in Wikipedia for background information.