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Template:Dead link/doc

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Usage

Editors occasionally encounter dead links either within a paragraph or a reference citation.

Before considering whether to use the {{dead link}} template it is often useful to make a search for an archive copy of the dead link and thereby avoid using the tag altogether. All {{cite}} templates have the facility for adding |archivedate= and |archiveurl= parameters for linking to an archive copy. Non-{{cite}} citations can use {{webarchive}}.

Using {{Dead link}} will place a note by the URL and add the article to one of the Category:Articles with dead external links categories.

Append this template directly after the link's ], or after the cite template (but not inside a cite template), leaving the original link intact. Not doing so might hinder detection by automated tools. If the citation contains multiple URLs (e.g. chapterurl and url) in a template, and only one is broken, you can use <!-- hidden text --> to explain which one is broken.

If the article uses clickable footnotes, then this tag should be placed just before the </ref> that contains the dead link. The notice will then correctly appear in the reference section (instead of in the body of the text, which is not recommended).

Avoid using this template when the reference is fully adequate without the link. In this case, simply remove the link. For example, if a {{cite journal}} template is used with a DOI, remove the |url= parameter.

Common form (with current date)

{{Dead link|date=April 2017}}

Optional parameters

url
Provides a history of the linked page via the Wayback Machine. Set only if history actually exists, as otherwise it is misleading to users and editors.
date
The date parameter consists of the full English name of the current month with initial capital, a space, and the year, not full dates; e.g., "January 2013", but not "jan13". Any deviation from these two rules will result in an "invalid date parameter" error. For the current date use date={{CURRENTMONTHNAME}} {{CURRENTYEAR}}.
bot
Bot accounts specify the |bot= parameter as a sign that the tag was added by an automated process. Set as bot=<bot name>.
fix-attempted
Set this to "yes" if you have tried unsuccessfully to find an archived copy, or a copy with a different URL. This will put the page in Category:Articles with permanently dead external links. Note that a link that is not in the Internet Archive (Wayback machine) can very often be found, e.g. by a search for the full title, in quotes, if the Wayback machine fails.

Notes:

  • The date-substitution template may be used to automatically generate the date, e.g., {{Dead link|{{subst:DATE}}}}. See Help:Substitution for more information.
  • The date= parameter need not be added by the editor: if not entered, a bot will soon add it.

Examples

  • <ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.example.org |title=Web page title |accessdate=22 September 2012}} {{Dead link |date=September 2012}}</ref>
    [1]
  • <ref>{{cite news |title=Sorrell accuses Murdoch of panic buying |author=Plunkett, John |url=http://media.guardian.co.uk/site/story/0,14173,1601858,00.html |newspaper=[[The Guardian]] |date=27 October 2005 |accessdate=22 September 2012}} {{Dead link}}</ref>
    [2]
  1. ^ "Web page title". Retrieved 22 September 2012. [dead link]
  2. ^ Plunkett, John (27 October 2005). "Sorrell accuses Murdoch of panic buying". The Guardian. Retrieved 22 September 2012. [dead link]

Caveats

  • Avoid using free links (e.g. http://www.example.org/{{Dead link}}) as software unable to handle templates may read an incorrect link. Add brackets if necessary.
  • Avoid complicated formatting. Nesting inside a template is generally not supported well.
  • Avoid using [ ] { | } < > characters between the end of the external link and {{Dead link}}, as they are often used to format text.

TemplateData

This is the TemplateData documentation for this template used by VisualEditor and other tools.

See the monthly error report for this template.

TemplateData for Dead link

A template to indicate that the preceding URL is dead

Template parameters

Parameter Description Type Status
Date date

The month and year the URL was found to be dead, like "June 2013"

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Bot name bot

The name of the bot used to identify the dead link (not used by regular editors)

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
User optional
Wayback URL url

The dead URL, used only if there is a Wayback Machine archive

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Fix attempted fix-attempted

Used to indicate that no archive copy is available

Default
empty
Example
yes
Auto value
empty
String optional

See also

Dead link tools