Permanently protected template

Template:Find sources

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Find sources: "Find sources" – news · newspapers · books · scholar · HighBeam · JSTOR · free images · free news sources · The Wikipedia Library · NYT · WP reference

Template documentation

This template produces a series of links to various search interfaces to help find additional reference material for articles. This template should not be used in articles themselves - see Wikipedia:EL#Links normally to be avoided.

Usage

The first parameter is the main search term, which will be treated as a literal string if multi-part (e.g. Albert Einstein will be searched as the single string "Albert Einstein" not "Albert" and "Einstein" separately).

Optional subsequent parameters (up to 4) are additional search terms. They can be enclosed in double quotation marks, preceded by an unspaced - (hyphen) to exclude them from the search results, or both (e.g. -"Marilyn Monroe" to exclude matches containing the phrase "Marilyn Monroe", but not either name by itself, from the search results). You do not need to add -wikipedia, as the template automatically does this for you. Also, there is no need to add words in plural form unless irregular, as the search interface will match (for example) billiards as well given a search term of billiard.

If no parameters are given, the name of the current subpage is used as the search string. If the current subpage has a disambiguator in parentheses, e.g. Happy Birthday (Stevie Wonder song), then the main part of the page name will be quoted and the disambiguation text will follow, like "Happy Birthday" Stevie Wonder song.

Search engines

The template includes links to the following search engines:

  • Google, the flagship search engine from Google Inc.
  • Google News, Google's search engine for news sites.
  • Google Newspapers, a search of Google's digital archive of print newspapers.
  • Google Books, Google's search engine for books.
  • Google Scholar, Google's search engine for academic papers and other scholarly research.
  • Highbeam, a paid search engine and full text online archive owned by Cengage Learning. Available through The Wikipedia Library.
  • JSTOR, an online library containing digitised versions of academic journals. Requires a subscription.
  • Google Images, Google's search engine for images. Only images compatible with Wikipedia's licensing are included.
  • free news sources
  • A link to Wikipedia:The Wikipedia Library. This isn't actually a search link, but a portal page for various resources available only to Wikipedians.
  • The website of The New York Times, a highly respected newspaper.
  • Wikipedia Reference Search, a Google search that only searches sites vetted by Wikipedians.

Examples

  • Default search:
{{Find sources}}
produces:
Find sources: "Find sources" – news · newspapers · books · scholar · HighBeam · JSTOR · free images · free news sources · The Wikipedia Library · NYT · WP reference
  • Simple search:
{{Find sources|Albert Einstein}}
produces:
Find sources: "Albert Einstein" – news · newspapers · books · scholar · HighBeam · JSTOR · free images · free news sources · The Wikipedia Library · NYT · WP reference
  • Complex search:
{{Find sources|Albert Einstein|physics OR cosmology|-"Marilyn Monroe"|relativity|science}}
produces:
Find sources: "Albert Einstein" physics OR cosmology -"Marilyn Monroe" relativity science – news · newspapers · books · scholar · HighBeam · JSTOR · free images · free news sources · The Wikipedia Library · NYT · WP reference

(Note that Google and many other search engines use capitalized boolean operators "OR" and "AND".)

See also