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Template:IPAc-en

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Note: Per WP:LEAD, do not use this template in the lead section for common English words (like pub, rose, pencil, bus, Monday, Earth, etc.).

This template is used to display English International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA). The pronunciation is broken into individual phonemes so that they will have tooltips (mouse-over text) to indicate pronunciation. All phonemes from IPA for English are available. For anything outside that set, a different template should be used.

The initial arguments can be used to indicate a pronunciation prescript (eg, English pronunciation:). The available pronunciation codes are:

Code Aliases Output
lang english English
pron pronunciation pronunciation:
local local
ipa IPA
aus AU
ca CA
ie IE
nz NZ
uk UK
us US
za ZA

The first argument that is not a pronunciation code will be treated as a phoneme. See the collapsed table below for a full list of phoneme codes. As well as phonemes, there are some separator codes as well. For example, you can use a keyboard underscore _ for a space between words. Phonemes are underlined, but separators are not, and separators do not have any tooltip text.

Phoneme codes
Code Aliases Display text Tooltip Type
b b 'b' in 'buy' phoneme
d d 'd' in 'dye' phoneme
(d) optional 'd' phoneme
dj dy, dj /dj/ 'd' in 'dew' phoneme
ð D, dh ð /ð/ 'th' in 'thy' phoneme
J, dZ, dzh, ʤ /dʒ/ 'j' in 'jam' phoneme
f f 'f' in 'find' phoneme
ɡ g ɡ 'g' in 'guy' phoneme
h h 'h' in 'hi' phoneme
j y j /j/ 'y' in 'yes' phoneme
k k 'k' in 'kind' phoneme
l ɫ l 'l' in 'lie' phoneme
lj ly, lj /lj/ 'l' in 'lute' phoneme
m m 'm' in 'my' phoneme
n n 'n' in 'no' phoneme
nj ny, nj /nj/ 'n' in 'new' phoneme
ŋ N, ng ŋ /ŋ/ 'ng' in 'sing' phoneme
ŋg ngg, Ng ŋɡ /ŋɡ/ 'ng' in 'finger' phoneme
θ T, th θ /θ/ 'th' in 'thigh' phoneme
θj thy, thj, θʲ θj /θj/ 'th' in 'enthusiasm' phoneme
p p 'p' in 'pie' phoneme
r ɹ, ɻ r 'r' in 'rye' phoneme
s s 's' in 'sigh' phoneme
sj sy, sj /sj/ 's' in 'suit' phoneme
ʃ S, sh ʃ /ʃ/ 'sh' in 'shy' phoneme
t t 't' in 'tie' phoneme
(t) optional 't' phoneme
tj ty, tj /tj/ 't' in 'tune' phoneme
C, ch, tS, ʧ /tʃ/ 'ch' in 'china' phoneme
v v 'v' in 'vie' phoneme
w w 'w' in 'wind' phoneme
hw ʍ, wh hw /hw/ 'wh' in 'why' phoneme
z z 'z' in 'Zion' phoneme
zj zy, zj /zj/ 'z' in 'Zeus' phoneme
ʒ Z, zh ʒ /ʒ/ 's' in 'pleasure' phoneme
x kh x /x/ 'ch' in 'loch' phoneme
ʔ ? ʔ /ʔ/ the catch in 'uh-oh' phoneme
ɑː A:, ah, aa, ɑ:, ä, â, , a: ɑː /ɑː/ 'a' in 'father' phoneme
ɑːr ar, ɑɹ, är, âr, aːr, a:r, ɑ:r, ɑr ɑːr /ɑːr/ 'ar' in 'bard' phoneme
ɒ Q, ŏ ɒ /ɒ/ short 'o' in 'body' phoneme
ɒ̃ ɑ̃, ɒ~, ɑ~, ã, a~, Q~ ɒ̃ /ɒ̃/ nasal 'an' in 'vin blanc' phoneme
ɒr ŏr, Qr ɒr /ɒr/ 'or' in 'moral' phoneme
æ ae, &, {, }, ă æ /æ/ short 'a' in 'bad' phoneme
ai, aI, ye, eye, ī /aɪ/ long 'i' in 'tide' phoneme
aɪər aɪr, aIr, īr, aɪə, yr aɪər /aɪər/ 'ire' in 'fire' phoneme
au, aU, ow /aʊ/ 'ou' in 'pout' phoneme
aʊər aʊr, aUr, aʊə, aur aʊər /aʊər/ 'our' in 'hour' phoneme
ɛ E, ĕ ɛ /ɛ/ short 'e' in 'bed' phoneme
ɛr Er, ĕr, err ɛr /ɛr/ 'err' in 'merry' phoneme
ei, eI, ay, ā, , e: /eɪ/ long 'a' in 'base' phoneme
ær aer, &r, æɹ, ăr, arr ær /ær/ 'arr' in 'marry' phoneme
ɛər eir, eIr, e@r, E@r, air, ɛɪɹ, eɪr, eːr, e:r, ɛəɹ, ār, ɛə ɛər /ɛər/ 'are' in 'bare' phoneme
ɪ I, ĭ ɪ /ɪ/ short 'i' in 'bid' phoneme
ɪr ĭr, irr ɪr /ɪr/ 'irr' in 'mirror' phoneme
i:, ee, ē /iː/ long 'e' in 'seed' phoneme
ɪər i:r, iːr, I@r, i@r, eer, ɪəɹ, iːɹ, ēr, ɪə ɪər /ɪər/ 'ear' in 'beard' phoneme
(i), (ɪ) /ⁱ/ optional 'i' in 'nasturtium' phoneme
(ə), (@) /ᵊ/ optional 'ə' in 'jewelry' phoneme
ʲ (j), (y), ʸ ʲ /ʲ/ optional 'j' in 'Lucas' phoneme
ɔː O, O:, aw, ɔ:, ô, ɒː, Q: ɔː /ɔː/ 'au' in 'fraud' phoneme
ɔːr Or, awr, ɔɹ, ôr, ɔ(r), ɔr ɔːr /ɔːr/ 'or' in 'born' phoneme
ɔɪ oj, ɔj, oi, , ɔi, OI, oy ɔɪ /ɔɪ/ 'oy' in 'boy' phoneme
ɔɪər ɔɪr, oyr, ɔɪə ɔɪər /ɔɪər/ 'oir' in 'loir' (rare) phoneme
o:, , ou, oU, @u, @U, oh, oe, əʊ, əu, ɔʊ, ɔu, ō /oʊ/ long 'o' in 'code' phoneme
ɔər oUr, ohr, ɔəɹ, ɔʊɹ, oʊɹ, oʊr, oːr, o:r, ōr, ɔə, ɔə(r) ɔər /ɔər/ 'ore' in 'bore' phoneme
ʊ U, uu, ŏŏ ʊ /ʊ/ short 'oo' in 'foot' phoneme
ʊr uur, Ur, ŏŏr ʊr /ʊr/ 'our' in 'courier' phoneme
u:, oo, ōō /uː/ long 'oo' in 'food' phoneme
ʊər u:r, uːr, u@r, U@r, oor, ʊəɹ, ōōr, ʊə ʊər /ʊər/ 'our' in 'tour' phoneme
juː ju:, yu:, yew, ew, ū, yoo juː /juː/ long 'u' in 'cute' phoneme
jʊər ūr, yoor, ju:r, juːr, jʊə jʊər /jʊər/ 'ure' in 'cure' phoneme
ʌ V, ŭ ʌ /ʌ/ short 'u' in 'bud' phoneme
ʌr urr, Vr, ʌɹ, ŭr ʌr /ʌr/ 'urr' in 'hurry' phoneme
ɜːr 3, 3:, ɝː, ɝ, ɜː, ɜ:, ɜ, 3r, 3:r, @:r, @:, ɜɹ, ûr, ɜ(r), ɜr ɜːr /ɜːr/ 'ir' in 'bird' phoneme
ə schwa, @ ə /ə/ 'a' in 'about' phoneme
ər ɚ, @r, əɹ, ə(r) ər /ər/ 'er' in 'finger' phoneme
ən @n, ᵊn, ən /ən/ 'on' in 'button' phoneme
oʊ- o, o-, ou-, ɵ /oʊ/ or /ə/ 'o' in 'omit' phoneme
əm @m, ᵊm, əm /əm/ 'm' in 'rhythm' phoneme
ɪ, i-, I-, ɪ-, ɨ /ɪ/ or /ə/ 'e' in 'roses' phoneme
ᵿ ʊ, u-, U-, ʊ-, ʉ ᵿ /ʊ/ or /ə/ 2nd 'u' in 'beautiful' phoneme
jᵿ jʊ, yʊ, ju-, yu-, jU-, yU-, jʊ-, jᵿ /jʊ/ or /jə/ 2nd 'u' in 'curriculum' phoneme
əl @l, ᵊl, əɫ, əl /əl/ 'le' in 'bottle' phoneme
i i /i/ 'y' in 'happy' phoneme
u u /u/ 'u' in 'situation' phoneme
ˈ ' ˈ /ˈ/ primary stress follows phoneme
ˌ , ˌ /ˌ/ secondary stress follows phoneme
. · . /./ syllable break phoneme
- - /-/ affix phoneme
,_ , separator
_ separator
and / & / separator
... ... separator

The named parameter |audio= may be used to link to an audio file.

Examples

Examples using SAMPA spelling for individual phonemes:

If [[unsupported input]] is displayed, it means that an unsupported input was used. Such instances are tallied at Category:Ill-formatted IPAc-en transclusions, where they can be reviewed and fixed.

Behaviour changes from {{IPA-en}}

The default behaviour has changed to no prescript.

It can be simulated (reinstated) using the flags "lang" & "pron".

  • {{IPAc-en|lang|pron|ˌ|æ|l|ə|ˈ|b|æ|m|ə}}English pronunciation: /ˌæləˈbæmə/

Audio files are specifically called: