Permanently protected template

Template:Infobox court case

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Usage

This template summarizes information about a specific court case.

{{Infobox court case
|name               = 
|court              = 
|image              = 
|imagesize          = 
|imagelink          = 
|imagealt           = 
|caption            = 
|full name          = 
|date decided       = <!-- {{start date|yyyy|mm|dd|df=}} -->
|citations          = 
|ECLI               = 
|transcripts        = 
|judges             = 
|number of judges   = 
|decision by        = 
|concurring         = 
|dissenting         = 
|concur/dissent     = 
|prior actions      = 
|appealed from      = 
|appealed to        = 
|subsequent actions = 
|related actions    = 
|opinions           = 
|keywords           = <!-- {{hlist | }} -->
|italic title       = 
}}

Parameters

This infobox takes a number of parameters, which are optional unless indicated otherwise:

name
The short name of the case, which should preferably be the same as the article title. If the parameter is omitted, the article name is used.
court
The name of the court that the case was heard in. [[Wikilink]] the name to a Wikipedia article about the court, if there is one. To cause the template to automatically display an image of the coat of arms of a court or of the court building, enter the name of the court as shown at {{Infobox court case/images}}.
image
An image to represent the court, such as a coat of arms or a photograph of a courthouse. Type the name of the image without the "File:" prefix and do not wikilink it. If you omit this parameter, the template automatically displays an image according to the scheme at {{Infobox court case/images}}.
Note that only images that have been released under a free licence should be used here. Such images should preferably be uploaded to the Wikimedia Commons. Do not use images under a (supposed) "fair use" justification, as the use of such images in infoboxes probably does not constitute fair use.
imagesize
The width of the image in pixels, particularly if it is less than 180 pixels (px). Type the number without the "px" suffix ("150", not "150px"). If this parameter is omitted or called but left blank, the image size defaults to 180px.
imagelink
Page to link to from the image. If this is specified, |imagealt= should also be specified.
imagealt
Alt text for the image; see Wikipedia:Alternative text for images.
caption
A caption for the image. Terms in the caption can be wikilinked, if desired.
full name
The full name of the case, including terms like "& Anor" ("and another") or "& Ors" ("and others"). Set out here any abbreviations that appear in the short name of the case in full.
date decided
The date the decision was handed down. Use {{start date|yyyy|mm|dd}}. In line with "Wikipedia:Manual of Style (dates and numbers)#Linking and autoformatting of dates", do not add wikilinks to dates.
citations
Citations of reports of the case. If a report is available online, use a citation template (such as {{Cite BAILII}}) where available to generate an external link automatically, or else create a link manually.
Note that if the citation uses square brackets, replace them with &#91; and &#93; when putting them inside an external link.
ECLI
The European Case Law Identifier, eg. ECLI:NL:RBAMS:1998:AD2957, gives ECLI:NL:RBAMS:1998:AD2957
transcripts
External links to transcripts of the case, where available.
judges
List the names of the judges sitting on the case, in the order of their precedence if known, separated by commas. The Chief Justice or President of the court, if he or she is hearing the case, should appear first. The order that the judges' names should appear in is usually shown in reports of the case. Where available, link a name to a Wikipedia article about the judge.
number of judges
Write the number of judges in numerals. This parameter only controls whether the "judges" header is plural. If blank, it defaults to "judge(s)".
decision by
Name the judge who wrote the decision if more than one judge sat on the case. Do not link a name again if it was already linked in the |judges= parameter.
concurring
List those judges who wrote concurring opinions, if any. Do not link a name again if it was already linked in the |judges= parameter.
dissenting
List those judges who wrote dissenting opinions, if any. Do not link a name again if it was already linked in the |judges= parameter.
concur/dissent
List those judges, if any, who wrote opinions concurring in part and dissenting in part. Do not link a name again if it was already linked in the |judges= parameter.
prior actions
Mention any prior trials or appeals, if any. Where possible, link the name of a prior case to a Wikipedia article about the case, and link citations as described above.
appealed from
If this case is an appeal, name the court from which the appeal immediately came. Link the name if possible. If the case at the lower court has its own article, that case can be linked in parentheses after the name of the court. More complicated or longer histories can use the prior actions field alongside this field or instead of it.
appealed to
If this case was appealed, name the court to which the appeal immediately went. Link the name if possible. If the case at the higher court has its own article, that case can be linked in parentheses after the name of the court. More complicated or longer histories can use the subsequent actions field alongside this field or instead of it.
subsequent actions
Mention any later appeals, retrials, or prison sentences, if any. Where possible, link the name of a subsequent case to a Wikipedia article about the case, and link citations as described above.
related actions
Mention any related actions, for example, Mabo v Queensland (No 2) if the article is about Mabo v Queensland (No 1). Where possible, link the name of a related case to a Wikipedia article about the case, and link citations as described above.
opinions
A very brief summary of the major findings or holdings in the case. Many case reports will have headnotes or summaries of the holdings that can be modified and entered into this field.
keywords
A list of keywords that describe the legal issues dealt with by the case. List keywords alphabetically, separate them with {{flatlist}} or {{hlist}}, and link them to appropriate Wikipedia articles wherever possible; for example:

{{hlist| [[Bailment]] | [[common carrier]] | [[negligence]] | [[strict liability]] }}

which will render as:
italic title
Indicates that the page title should be italicized. Valid values are "yes", "no" or "force":
  • |italic title=yes – the title is italicised, but only if it is less than 50 characters in length; if it contains an opening parenthesis (, only the portion before the opening parenthesis will be italicised
  • |italic title=no – the title is not italicised
  • |italic title=force – the title is fully italicised
If the |italic title= parameter is blank or omitted, the action is identical to |italic title=yes
ECLI
The European Case Law Identifier. Available for EU courts, European Patent office (Board of Appeal), and several EU countries. Converted into a link to the judgement for Dutch, German and EU cases.

Legacy parameters

Full blank syntax, including the legacy parameters included for compatibility with infoboxes based on Template:Infobox SCOTUS case. Those include: Template:Infobox California Supreme Court case, Template:Infobox South Carolina Supreme Court case.

{{Infobox court case
<!-- main parameters -->
| name                = {{{name|{{{Litigants|{{PAGENAME}} }}} }}}
| court               = {{{CourtName|{{{Court|{{{court}}} }}} }}}
| image               = {{{image|}}}
| imagesize           = {{{imagesize|}}}
| imagelink           = {{{imagelink|}}}
| imagealt            = {{{imagealt|}}}
| caption             = {{{caption|}}}
| full name           = {{{FullName|{{{full name|}}} }}}
| date_decided        = {{{DecideDate|{{{date_decided|{{{date decided|}}} }}} }}} {{{DecideYear|}}}
| citations           = {{{Citation|{{{citations|{{{Citations|{{{CitationNew|}}} }}} }}} }}}
| transcripts         = {{{transcripts|}}}
| judges              = {{{judges|{{{Judges|{{{Membership|}}} }}} }}}
| decision by         = {{{decision by|}}}
| concurring          = {{{concurring|{{{Concurrence|}}} }}}
| dissenting          = {{{dissenting|{{{Dissent|}}} }}}
| concur/dissent      = {{{Concur/dissent|{{{Concurrence/Dissent|{{{concur/dissent|}}} }}} }}}
| prior_actions       = {{{prior_actions|{{{prior actions|{{{Prior|}}} }}} }}}
| appealed from       = {{{appealed from|}}}
| appealed to         = {{{appealed to|}}}
| subsequent_actions  = {{{subsequent_actions|{{{subsequent actions|{{{Subsequent|}}} }}} }}}
| related actions     = {{{related actions|{{{Related|}}} }}}
| holding             = {{{Outcome|{{{QuestionsPresented|{{{Holding|{{{holding|{{{Ruling|{{{opinions|}}} }}} }}} }}} }}} }}}
| laws_applied        = {{{LawsApplied|{{{laws_applied|}}} }}}
| keywords            = {{{Keywords|{{{keywords|}}} }}}
| italic title        = {{{italic title|}}}
<!-- legacy parameters from Infobox SCOTUS case -->
| CourtSeal           = {{{CourtSeal|}}}
| ArgueDate           = {{{ArgueDate|}}}
| ArgueDateA          = {{{ArgueDateA|}}}
| ArgueDateB          = {{{ArgueDateB|}}}
| ArgueDateC          = {{{ArgueDateC|}}}
| ArgueYear           = {{{ArgueYear|}}}
| ReargueDate         = {{{ReargueDate|}}}
| ReargueDateA        = {{{ReargueDateA|}}}
| ReargueDateB        = {{{ReargueDateB|}}}
| ReargueYear         = {{{ReargueYear|}}}
| ReargueDate2        = {{{ReargueDate2|}}}
| ReargueDateA2       = {{{ReargueDateA2|}}}
| ReargueDateB2       = {{{ReargueDateB2|}}}
| ReargueYear2        = {{{ReargueYear2|}}}
| SubmitDate          = {{{SubmitDate|}}}
| SubmitYear          = {{{SubmitYear|}}}
| Neutral Citation    = {{{Neutral Citation|}}}
| Other Citations     = {{{Other Citations|}}}
| Claim               = {{{Claim|}}}
| Cases_cited         = {{{Cases_cited|}}}
| Legislation_cited   = {{{Legislation_cited|}}}
| Procedural          = {{{Procedural|}}}
| OralArgument        = {{{OralArgument|}}}
| OralArguments       = {{{OralArguments|}}}
| OralReargument      = {{{OralReargument|}}}
| OpinionAnnouncement = {{{OpinionAnnouncement|}}}
| ChiefJudge          = {{{ChiefJudge|}}}
| AssociateJudges     = {{{AssociateJudges|}}}
| PerCuriam           = {{{PerCuriam|}}}
| Majority            = {{{Majority|}}}
| JoinMajority        = {{{JoinMajority|}}}
| Majority2           = {{{Majority2|}}}
| JoinMajority2       = {{{JoinMajority2|}}}
| Majority3           = {{{Majority3|}}}
| JoinMajority3       = {{{JoinMajority3|}}}
| Plurality           = {{{Plurality|}}}
| JoinPlurality       = {{{JoinPlurality|}}}
| Plurality2          = {{{Plurality2|}}}
| JoinPlurality2      = {{{JoinPlurality2|}}}
| Plurality3          = {{{Plurality3|}}}
| JoinPlurality3      = {{{JoinPlurality3|}}}
| Plurality4          = {{{Plurality4|}}}
| JoinPlurality4      = {{{JoinPlurality4|}}}
| Seriatim            = {{{Seriatim|}}}
| Seriatim2           = {{{Seriatim2|}}}
| Seriatim3           = {{{Seriatim3|}}}
| Seriatim4           = {{{Seriatim4|}}}
| Seriatim5           = {{{Seriatim5|}}}
| JoinConcurrence     = {{{JoinConcurrence|}}}
| Concurrence2        = {{{Concurrence2|}}}
| JoinConcurrence2    = {{{JoinConcurrence2|}}}
| Concurrence3        = {{{Concurrence3|}}}
| JoinConcurrence3    = {{{JoinConcurrence3|}}}
| Concurrence4        = {{{Concurrence4|}}}
| JoinConcurrence4    = {{{JoinConcurrence4|}}}
| Concurrence5        = {{{Concurrence5|}}}
| JoinConcurrence5    = {{{JoinConcurrence5|}}}
| Concurrence6        = {{{Concurrence6|}}}
| JoinConcurrence6    = {{{JoinConcurrence6|}}}
| Concurrence7        = {{{Concurrence7|}}}
| JoinConcurrence7    = {{{JoinConcurrence7|}}}
| Concurrence8        = {{{Concurrence8|}}}
| JoinConcurrence8    = {{{JoinConcurrence8|}}}
| JoinConcurrence/Dissent  = {{{JoinConcurrence/Dissent|}}}
| Concurrence/Dissent2     = {{{Concurrence/Dissent2|}}}
| JoinConcurrence/Dissent2 = {{{JoinConcurrence/Dissent2|}}}
| Concurrence/Dissent3     = {{{Concurrence/Dissent3|}}}
| JoinConcurrence/Dissent3 = {{{JoinConcurrence/Dissent3|}}}
| Concurrence/Dissent4     = {{{Concurrence/Dissent4|}}}
| JoinConcurrence/Dissent4 = {{{JoinConcurrence/Dissent4|}}}
| Concurrence/Dissent5     = {{{Concurrence/Dissent5|}}}
| JoinConcurrence/Dissent5 = {{{JoinConcurrence/Dissent5|}}}
| Concurrence/Dissent6     = {{{Concurrence/Dissent6|}}}
| JoinConcurrence/Dissent6 = {{{JoinConcurrence/Dissent6|}}}
| Concurrence/Dissent7     = {{{Concurrence/Dissent7|}}}
| JoinConcurrence/Dissent7 = {{{JoinConcurrence/Dissent7|}}}
| Concurrence/Dissent8     = {{{Concurrence/Dissent8|}}}
| JoinConcurrence/Dissent8 = {{{JoinConcurrence/Dissent8|}}}
| JoinDissent         = {{{JoinDissent|}}}
| ConcurrenceDissent  = {{{ConcurrenceDissent|}}}
| Dissent2            = {{{Dissent2|}}}
| JoinDissent2        = {{{JoinDissent2|}}}
| ConcurrenceDissent2 = {{{ConcurrenceDissent2|}}}
| Dissent3            = {{{Dissent3|}}}
| JoinDissent3        = {{{JoinDissent3|}}}
| ConcurrenceDissent3 = {{{ConcurrenceDissent3|}}}
| Dissent4            = {{{Dissent4|}}}
| JoinDissent4        = {{{JoinDissent4|}}}
| ConcurrenceDissent4 = {{{ConcurrenceDissent4|}}}
| Dissent5            = {{{Dissent5|}}}
| JoinDissent5        = {{{JoinDissent5|}}}
| ConcurrenceDissent5 = {{{ConcurrenceDissent5|}}}
| NotParticipating    = {{{NotParticipating|}}}
| Superseded          = {{{Superseded|}}}
| Overruled           = {{{Overruled|}}}
| Overturned previous case = {{{Overturned previous case|}}}
| Abrogated           = {{{Abrogated|}}}
}}

Technical information

The |image= parameter in the template contains the following function:

{{#invoke:InfoboxImage|InfoboxImage|image=
{{#if:{{{image<includeonly>|</includeonly>}}} 
      |{{{image}}}
      |{{Infobox court case/images|courtimage={{{court}}}|date={{{date decided|}}} }}
      }}|size={{{imagesize|}}}|sizedefault=frameless|upright=0.82|link={{{imagelink|}}}|alt={{{imagealt|}}} }}

The function does the following tasks:

  • If the parameter |image= is used in the template, that image is displayed. If a value is specified for |imagesize=, the image is given that width; otherwise the image width defaults to 180 px.
  • If |image= is not used, a check is done to see if the value of |court= is listed in {{Infobox court case/images}}. If the result is "None", then no image is displayed. If the result is an image file (either the coat of arms of a court or a photograph of a courthouse), then the image file is displayed. {{Infobox court case/images}} can be tweaked to display different images depending on the date when the case was decided – for help with this, leave a message on the talk page.
  • Again, if a value is specified for |imagesize=, the image is given that width; otherwise the image width defaults to upright=0.82 (which is 180px).
  • In either case the image is given a link and alt text specified by |imagelink= and |imagealt=. If |imagelink= is omitted or given no value, the image is linked to its image description page.

JackLee came up with the first version of this function, but thanks are due to Chris Cunningham for coming up with a cleaner solution that works better.

TemplateData

This is the TemplateData documentation for this template used by VisualEditor and other tools; see the monthly error report for this template.

TemplateData for Infobox court case

insert description here

Template parameters

ParameterDescriptionTypeStatus
namename

The short name of the case, which should preferably be the same as the article title. If the parameter is omitted, the article name is used.

Stringoptional
LitigantsLitigants

Stringdeprecated
imageimage

An image to represent the court, such as a coat of arms or a photograph of a courthouse. Type the name of the image without the File: prefix and do not wikilink it. If you omit this parameter, the template may automatically displays an image based on the name of the court.

Stringoptional
Courtcourt CourtName

The name of the court that the case was heard in. Link the name to a Wikipedia article about the court, if there is one

Stringoptional
date decideddate decided

Stringoptional
CourtSealCourtSeal

Stringoptional
imagesizeimagesize

The width of the image in pixels, particularly if it is less than 180 pixels (px). Type the number without the "px" suffix ("150", not "150px"). If this parameter is omitted or called but left blank, the image size defaults to 180px.

Stringoptional
imagelinkimagelink

Page to link to from the image. If this is specified, `imagealt`-parameter should also be specified.

Stringoptional
imagealtimagealt

Alt text for the image; see Wikipedia:Alternative text for images.

Stringoptional
captioncaption

A caption for the image. Terms in the caption can be wikilinked, if desired.

Stringoptional
FullNamefull name

The full name of the case, including terms like "& Anor" ("and another") or "& Ors" ("and others"). Set out here any abbreviations that appear in the short name of the case in full.

Stringoptional
ArgueDateArgueDate

Stringdeprecated
ArgueDateBArgueDateB

Stringdeprecated
ArgueDateCArgueDateC

Stringdeprecated
ArgueYearArgueYear

Stringdeprecated
ArgueDateAArgueDateA

Stringdeprecated
ReargueDateReargueDate

Stringdeprecated
ReargueYearReargueYear

Stringdeprecated
ReargueDateAReargueDateA

Stringdeprecated
ReargueDateBReargueDateB

Stringdeprecated
ReargueDate2ReargueDate2

Stringdeprecated
ReargueYear2ReargueYear2

Stringdeprecated
ReargueDateA2ReargueDateA2

Stringdeprecated
ReargueDateB2ReargueDateB2

Stringdeprecated
SubmitDateSubmitDate

Stringdeprecated
SubmitYearSubmitYear

Stringdeprecated
Date decidedDecideDate date_decided

The date the decision was handed down. Use {{start date|yyyy|mm|dd}}. In line with "Wikipedia:Manual of Style (dates and numbers)#Linking and autoformatting of dates", do not add wikilinks to dates.

Stringoptional
Year DecidedDecideYear

Stringdeprecated
Citationscitations Citation Citations CitationNew Neutral Citation Other Citations

Citations of reports of the case. If a report is available online, use a citation template (such as {{Cite BAILII}}) where available to generate an external link automatically, or else create a link manually. Note that if the citation uses square brackets, replace them with &#91; and &#93; when putting them inside an external link.

Stringoptional
ECLIECLI

The European Case Law Identifier. Available for a selection of European court cases, notably Dutch, Finnish, Spanish and EU.

Stringoptional
Transcriptstranscripts

External links to transcripts of the case, where available.

Stringoptional
Cases_citedCases_cited

Stringdeprecated
Legislation_citedLegislation_cited

Stringdeprecated
prior actionsprior_actions Prior

Mention any prior trials or appeals, if any. Where possible, link the name of a prior case to a Wikipedia article about the case, and link citations as described above

Stringoptional
appealed fromappealed from

If this case is an appeal, name the court from which the appeal immediately came. Link the name if possible. If the case at the lower court has its own article, that case can be linked in parentheses after the name of the court. More complicated or longer histories can use the prior actions field alongside this field or instead of it.

Stringoptional
appealed toappealed to

If this case was appealed, name the court to which the appeal immediately went. Link the name if possible. If the case at the higher court has its own article, that case can be linked in parentheses after the name of the court. More complicated or longer histories can use the subsequent actions field alongside this field or instead of it.

Stringoptional
subsequent actionssubsequent_actions Subsequent

Mention any later appeals or retrials, if any. Where possible, link the name of a subsequent case to a Wikipedia article about the case, and link citations as described above.

Stringoptional
ProceduralProcedural

Stringdeprecated
related actionsRelated

Mention any related actions, for example, Mabo v Queensland (No 2) if the article is about Mabo v Queensland (No 1). Where possible, link the name of a related case to a Wikipedia article about the case, and link citations as described above.

Stringdeprecated
OralArgumentOralArgument

Stringdeprecated
OralArgumentsOralArguments

Stringdeprecated
OralReargumentOralReargument

Stringdeprecated
OpinionAnnouncementOpinionAnnouncement

Stringdeprecated
OutcomeOutcome

Stringdeprecated
QuestionsPresentedQuestionsPresented

Stringdeprecated
HoldingHolding holding

Stringdeprecated
RulingRuling

Stringdeprecated
opinionsopinions

A very brief summary of the major findings or holdings in the case. Many case reports will have headnotes or summaries of the holdings that can be modified and entered into this field.

Stringoptional
judgesJudges

List the names of the judges sitting on the case, in the order of their precedence if known, separated by commas. The Chief Justice or President of the court, if he or she is hearing the case, should appear first. The order that the judges' names should appear in is usually shown in reports of the case. Where available, link a name to a Wikipedia article about the judge.

Stringdeprecated
MembershipMembership

Stringdeprecated
judgejudge

Stringdeprecated
ChiefJudgeChiefJudge

Stringdeprecated
AssociateJudgesAssociateJudges

Stringdeprecated
number of judgesnumber of judges

Write the number of judges in numerals. This parameter only controls whether the "judges" header is plural. If blank, it defaults to "judge(s)".

Stringdeprecated
decision bydecision by

Name the judge who wrote the decision if more than one judge sat on the case. Do not link a name again if it was already linked in the `judges`-parameter

Stringdeprecated
MajorityMajority

Stringdeprecated
PluralityPlurality

Stringdeprecated
PerCuriamPerCuriam

Stringdeprecated
DissentDissent

Stringdeprecated
ConcurrenceConcurrence

Stringdeprecated
JoinMajorityJoinMajority

Stringdeprecated
Majority2Majority2

Stringdeprecated
JoinMajority2JoinMajority2

Stringdeprecated
Majority3Majority3

Stringdeprecated
JoinMajority3JoinMajority3

Stringdeprecated
JoinPluralityJoinPlurality

Stringdeprecated
Plurality2Plurality2

Stringdeprecated
JoinPlurality2JoinPlurality2

Stringdeprecated
Plurality3Plurality3

Stringdeprecated
JoinPlurality3JoinPlurality3

Stringdeprecated
Plurality4Plurality4

Stringdeprecated
JoinPlurality4JoinPlurality4

Stringdeprecated
SeriatimSeriatim

Stringdeprecated
Seriatim2Seriatim2

Stringdeprecated
Seriatim3Seriatim3

Stringdeprecated
Seriatim4Seriatim4

Stringdeprecated
Seriatim5Seriatim5

Stringdeprecated
concurringconcurring

List those judges who wrote concurring opinions, if any. Do not link a name again if it was already linked in the `judges`-parameter

Stringdeprecated
JoinConcurrenceJoinConcurrence

Stringdeprecated
Concurrence2Concurrence2

Stringdeprecated
JoinConcurrence2JoinConcurrence2

Stringdeprecated
Concurrence3Concurrence3

Stringdeprecated
JoinConcurrence3JoinConcurrence3

Stringdeprecated
Concurrence4Concurrence4

Stringdeprecated
JoinConcurrence4JoinConcurrence4

Stringdeprecated
Concurrence5Concurrence5

Stringdeprecated
JoinConcurrence5JoinConcurrence5

Stringdeprecated
Concurrence6Concurrence6

Stringdeprecated
JoinConcurrence6JoinConcurrence6

Stringdeprecated
Concurrence7Concurrence7

Stringdeprecated
JoinConcurrence7JoinConcurrence7

Stringdeprecated
Concurrence8Concurrence8

Stringdeprecated
JoinConcurrence8JoinConcurrence8

Stringdeprecated
Concurrence/DissentConcurrence/Dissent

Stringdeprecated
concur/dissentConcur/dissent concur/dissent

List those judges, if any, who wrote opinions concurring in part and dissenting in part. Do not link a name again if it was already linked in the `judges`-parameter.

Stringdeprecated
JoinConcurrence/DissentJoinConcurrence/Dissent

Stringdeprecated
Concurrence/Dissent2Concurrence/Dissent2

Stringdeprecated
JoinConcurrence/Dissent2JoinConcurrence/Dissent2

Stringdeprecated
Concurrence/Dissent3Concurrence/Dissent3

Stringdeprecated
JoinConcurrence/Dissent3JoinConcurrence/Dissent3

Stringdeprecated
Concurrence/Dissent4Concurrence/Dissent4

Stringdeprecated
JoinConcurrence/Dissent4JoinConcurrence/Dissent4

Stringdeprecated
Concurrence/Dissent5Concurrence/Dissent5

Stringdeprecated
JoinConcurrence/Dissent5JoinConcurrence/Dissent5

Stringdeprecated
Concurrence/Dissent6Concurrence/Dissent6

Stringdeprecated
JoinConcurrence/Dissent6JoinConcurrence/Dissent6

Stringdeprecated
Concurrence/Dissent7Concurrence/Dissent7

Stringdeprecated
JoinConcurrence/Dissent7JoinConcurrence/Dissent7

Stringdeprecated
Concurrence/Dissent8Concurrence/Dissent8

Stringdeprecated
JoinConcurrence/Dissent8JoinConcurrence/Dissent8

Stringdeprecated
dissentingdissenting

List those judges who wrote dissenting opinions, if any. Do not link a name again if it was already linked in the `judges`-parameter

Stringdeprecated
JoinDissentJoinDissent

Stringdeprecated
ConcurrenceDissentConcurrenceDissent

Stringdeprecated
Dissent2Dissent2

Stringdeprecated
JoinDissent2JoinDissent2

Stringdeprecated
ConcurrenceDissent2ConcurrenceDissent2

Stringdeprecated
Dissent3Dissent3

Stringdeprecated
JoinDissent3JoinDissent3

Stringdeprecated
ConcurrenceDissent3ConcurrenceDissent3

Stringdeprecated
Dissent4Dissent4

Stringdeprecated
JoinDissent4JoinDissent4

Stringdeprecated
ConcurrenceDissent4ConcurrenceDissent4

Stringdeprecated
Dissent5Dissent5

Stringdeprecated
JoinDissent5JoinDissent5

Stringdeprecated
NotParticipatingNotParticipating

Stringdeprecated
LawsAppliedLawsApplied

Stringdeprecated
laws_appliedlaws_applied

Stringdeprecated
SupersededSuperseded

Stringdeprecated
OverruledOverruled

Stringdeprecated
Overturned previous caseOverturned previous case

Stringdeprecated
AbrogatedAbrogated

Stringdeprecated
keywordskeywords Keywords

A list of keywords that describe the legal issues dealt with by the case. List keywords alphabetically, separate them with {{Flatlist}} or {{hlist}}, and link them to appropriate Wikipedia articles wherever possible; for example: {{hlist| [[Bailment]] |[[common carrier]] |[[negligence]] |[[strict liability]] }}

Stringoptional
Area of LawArea of Law

Stringdeprecated
italic titleitalic title

Indicates that the page title should be italicized. Valid values are "yes", "no" or "force".

Stringoptional

Tracking category

See also