Template:LGBT rights table Africa

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Northern Africa[edit]

LGBT rights in: Same-sex sexual activity Recognition of same-sex unions Same-sex marriage Adoption by same-sex couples LGBT allowed to serve openly in military Anti-discrimination laws concerning sexual orientation Laws concerning gender identity/expression
Algeria Algeria No Illegal since 1966
Penalty: Fine and up to 2 years imprisonment.[1][2]
No No No No No No
Ceuta Ceuta (Autonomous city of Spain) Yes Legal since 1979
+ UN decl. sign.[1]
Yes De facto union since 1998[3] Yes Legal since 2005[4] Yes Legal since 2005[5] Yes Spain responsible for defence Yes Bans all anti-gay discrimination[6] Yes Since 2007, all documents can be amended to the recognised gender[7]
Egypt Egypt No Male de facto illegal
Penalty: Up to 17 years imprisonment with or without hard labour and with or without torture and fines under broadly written morality laws
Emblem-question.svg Female uncertain.[1][8]
No No No No No No
Libya Libya No Illegal
Penalty: Up to death [9]
No No No No No No
Melilla Melilla (Autonomous city of Spain) Yes Legal since 1979
+ UN decl. sign.[1]
Yes De facto union since 2008[10] Yes Legal since 2005[4] Yes Legal since 2005[5] Yes Spain responsible for defence Yes Bans all anti-gay discrimination[6] Yes Since 2007, all documents can be amended to the recognised gender[7]
Morocco Morocco
(Including Southern Provinces)
No Illegal
Penalty: Up to 3 years imprisonment.[1][11]
No No No Emblem-question.svg No No
South Sudan South Sudan No Illegal since 1899 (as Anglo-Egyptian Sudan)
Penalty: Up to 10 years imprisonment.[1][2]
No No Constitutional ban since 2011. No No No No
Sudan Sudan No Illegal since 1899 (as Anglo-Egyptian Sudan)
Penalty: Death penalty on third offense for men and on fourth offense for women.[1]
No No No No No No
Tunisia Tunisia No Illegal
Penalty: 3 years imprisonment.[1][12]
No No No Emblem-question.svg No No

Western Africa[edit]

LGBT rights in: Same-sex sexual activity Recognition of same-sex unions Same-sex marriage Adoption by same-sex couples LGBT allowed to serve openly in military Anti-discrimination laws concerning sexual orientation Laws concerning gender identity/expression
Benin Benin Yes Legal (No laws against same-sex sexual activity have ever existed in the country).[1][13] (Age of consent discrepancy)[1] No No No Emblem-question.svg No Emblem-question.svg
Burkina Faso Burkina Faso Yes Legal (No laws against same-sex sexual activity have ever existed in the country).[1] No No Constitutional ban since 1991. No Emblem-question.svg No Emblem-question.svg
Cape Verde Cape Verde Yes Legal since 2004
+ UN decl. sign.[1]
No No No Emblem-question.svg Yes Bans some anti-gay discrimination.[1] Emblem-question.svg
Ivory Coast Côte d'Ivoire Yes Legal
(No laws against same-sex sexual activity have ever existed in the country). (Age of consent discrepancy)[1]
No No No Emblem-question.svg No Emblem-question.svg
The Gambia Gambia No Illegal since 1888 (as Gambia Colony and Protectorate)
Penalty: Up to Iife imprisonment.[1][14][2]
No No No No No No
Ghana Ghana No Male illegal since 1860s (as Gold Coast)
Penalty: 10 years imprisonment or more
Yes Female always legal.[1][15][2]
No No No Emblem-question.svg No No
Guinea Guinea No
Penalty: 6 months to 3 years imprisonment.[1]
No No No Emblem-question.svg No No
Guinea-Bissau Guinea-Bissau Yes Legal since 1993[1]
+ UN decl. sign.
No No No Emblem-question.svg No Emblem-question.svg
Liberia Liberia No Illegal
Penalty: 1 year imprisonment.[1]
No No No Emblem-question.svg No No
Mali Mali Yes Legal (No laws against same-sex sexual activity have ever existed in the country).[1] No No No Emblem-question.svg No Emblem-question.svg
Mauritania Mauritania No Illegal
Penalty: Death penalty (No public executions for any crime since 1987).[1]
No No No No No No
Niger Niger Yes Legal (No laws against same-sex sexual activity have ever existed in the country). (Age of consent discrepancy)[1] No No No Emblem-question.svg No Emblem-question.svg
Nigeria Nigeria No Illegal under federal law since 1901 (as Northern Nigeria Protectorate and Southern Nigeria Protectorate)
Penalty: Up to 14 years imprisonment
No Illegal in the states of Bauchi, Borno, Gombe, Jigawa, Kaduna, Kano, Katsina, Kebbi, Niger, Sokoto, Yobe, and Zamfara
Penalty: Death penalty for men. Whipping and/or imprisonment for women.[1][16][2]
No No No Emblem-question.svg No No
Senegal Senegal No Illegal
Penalty: 1 to 5 years imprisonment.[1]
No No No Emblem-question.svg No No
Sierra Leone Sierra Leone No Male illegal since 1861 (as the colony of Sierra Leone)
Penalty: Up to life imprisonment (Not enforced)
Yes Female always legal
+ UN decl. sign.[1]
No No No Emblem-question.svg No No
Togo Togo No Illegal since 1884 (as Togoland)
Penalty: Fine and 3 years imprisonment.[1][2]
No No No Emblem-question.svg No No

Central Africa[edit]

LGBT rights in: Same-sex sexual activity Recognition of same-sex unions Same-sex marriage Adoption by same-sex couples LGBT allowed to serve openly in military Anti-discrimination laws concerning sexual orientation Laws concerning gender identity/expression
Cameroon Cameroon No Illegal since 1972
Penalty: Fines to 5 years imprisonment.[1][2]
No No No Emblem-question.svg No No
Central African Republic Central African Republic Yes Legal (No laws against same-sex sexual activity have ever existed in the country).
+ UN decl. sign.[1]
No No No Emblem-question.svg No Emblem-question.svg
Chad Chad Yes Legal (No laws against same-sex sexual activity have ever existed in the country). No No No Emblem-question.svg No Emblem-question.svg
Democratic Republic of the Congo Democratic Republic of the Congo Yes Legal (No laws against same-sex sexual activity have ever existed in the country).[1] No No Constitutional ban since 2005. No Emblem-question.svg No Emblem-question.svg
Equatorial Guinea Equatorial Guinea Yes Legal.[1] No No No Emblem-question.svg No Emblem-question.svg
Gabon Gabon Yes Legal (No laws against same-sex sexual activity have ever existed in the country)
+ UN decl. sign. (Age of consent discrepancy)[1]
No No No Emblem-question.svg No Emblem-question.svg
Republic of the Congo Republic of the Congo Yes Legal (No laws against same-sex sexual activity have ever existed in the country). (Age of consent discrepancy)[1] No No No Emblem-question.svg No Emblem-question.svg
Saint Helena Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha
(Overseas territory of the United Kingdom)
Yes Legal since 2001
+ UN decl. sign.[1]
Emblem-question.svg Yes/No (In Ascension from 2016)[17] Emblem-question.svg Yes Since 2000. UK responsible for defence. Yes Constitutional ban all anti-gay on discrimination. Yes Since 2013.
São Tomé and Príncipe São Tomé and Príncipe Yes Legal since 2012
+ UN decl. sign.[1]
No No No Emblem-question.svg No Emblem-question.svg

Southeast Africa[edit]

LGBT rights in: Same-sex sexual activity Recognition of same-sex unions Same-sex marriage Adoption by same-sex couples LGBT allowed to serve openly in military Anti-discrimination laws concerning sexual orientation Laws concerning gender identity/expression
Burundi Burundi No Illegal since 2009
Penalty: 3 months to 2 years imprisonment.[1][18]
No No Constitutional ban since 2005. No Emblem-question.svg No No
Kenya Kenya No Illegal since 1897 (as East Africa Protectorate)
Penalty: up to 14 years imprisonment.[1][2]
No No Constitutional ban since 2010.[19] No No No No
Rwanda Rwanda Yes Legal since 1916 (Age of consent discrepancy)[2][1]
+ UN decl. sign.
No No Constitutional ban since 2003. No Emblem-question.svg No Emblem-question.svg
Uganda Uganda No No Male illegal since 1894
Penalty: Up to 14 years imprisonment
Female illegal since 2000
Penalty: Up to 7 years imprisonment.[1][2]
No Constitutional ban since 2005. No No No No
Tanzania Tanzania No Illegal since 1864 (only Zanzibar)
Illegal since 1899
Penalty: Up to life imprisonment.[1][2]
No No No Emblem-question.svg No No

Horn of Africa[edit]

LGBT rights in: Same-sex sexual activity Recognition of same-sex unions Same-sex marriage Adoption by same-sex couples LGBT allowed to serve openly in military Anti-discrimination laws concerning sexual orientation Laws concerning gender identity/expression
Djibouti Djibouti Yes Legal
(No laws against same-sex sexual activity have ever existed in the country).[1]
No No No Emblem-question.svg No Emblem-question.svg
Eritrea Eritrea No Illegal
Penalty: Up to 3 years imprisonment[1]
No No No Emblem-question.svg No No
Ethiopia Ethiopia No Illegal
Penalty: 10 years imprisonment or more[1]
No No No Emblem-question.svg No No
Somalia Somalia No Illegal
Penalty: Up to Death [20]
No No No No No No

Indian Ocean States[edit]

LGBT rights in: Same-sex sexual activity Recognition of same-sex unions Same-sex marriage Adoption by same-sex couples LGBT allowed to serve openly in military Anti-discrimination laws concerning sexual orientation Laws concerning gender identity/expression
Comoros Comoros No Illegal
Penalty: 5 years imprisonment & fines[1]
No No No Emblem-question.svg No No
French Southern and Antarctic Lands French Southern and Antarctic Lands
(Overseas territory of France)
Yes Legal
(No laws against same-sex sexual activity have ever existed in the territory).[1]
Yes Civil solidarity pact since 1999 Yes Legal since 2013 Yes Legal since 2013 Yes Yes Bans all anti-gay discrimination Yes However, it requires sterilization for sex change.
Madagascar Madagascar Yes Legal
(No laws against same-sex sexual activity have ever existed in the country). (Age of consent discrepancy)[1]
No No No Emblem-question.svg No Emblem-question.svg
Mauritius Mauritius Yes Legal
(No laws against same-sex sexual activity; however, anal sex is illegal, punishable with 5 years' prison)
Yes Female always legal[21]
+ UN decl. sign.[1]
No No No Emblem-question.svg Yes Bans some anti-gay discrimination[22][23] Emblem-question.svg
Mayotte Mayotte
(Overseas department of France)
Yes Legal
(No laws against same-sex sexual activity have ever existed in the department).[1]
Yes Civil solidarity pact since 1999 Yes Legal since 2013 Yes Legal since 2013 Yes Yes Bans all anti-gay discrimination Yes However, it requires sterilization for sex change.
Réunion Réunion
(Overseas department of France)
Yes Legal since 1791[1] Yes Civil solidarity pact since 1999 Yes Legal since 2013 Yes Legal since 2013 Yes Yes Bans all anti-gay discrimination Yes However, it requires sterilization for sex change.
Seychelles Seychelles Yes Legal since 2016[24]
+ UN decl. sign.
No No No Emblem-question.svg Yes Bans all anti-gay discrimination[1] Emblem-question.svg

Southern Africa[edit]

LGBT rights in: Same-sex sexual activity Recognition of same-sex unions Same-sex marriage Adoption by same-sex couples LGBT allowed to serve openly in military Anti-discrimination laws concerning sexual orientation Laws concerning gender identity/expression
Angola Angola No De facto illegal
Penalty: Fines, restrictions or penal labor (Not enforced)[1]
No No No Emblem-question.svg Yes Bans some anti-gay discrimination No
Botswana Botswana No Illegal since 1885 (as Bechuanaland Protectorate)
Penalty: Fine to up to 7 years imprisonment (Not enforced)[1][2]
No No No Emblem-question.svg Yes Bans some anti-gay discrimination No
Lesotho Lesotho Yes Male legal since 2012
Female always legal[1]
No No No Emblem-question.svg No Emblem-question.svg
Malawi Malawi No Illegal since 1891
Penalty: Up to 14 years imprisonment & whippings (Law suspended from usage since 2012)[1][25][2]
No No No Emblem-question.svg No No
Mozambique Mozambique Yes Legal since 2015[26][27] No No No No Yes Bans some anti-gay discrimination[1][22] Emblem-question.svg
Namibia Namibia No Male illegal since 1920 (Not enforced)[2]
Yes Female always legal[1][28][29]
No No No Emblem-question.svg No No
South Africa South Africa Yes Male legal since 1998
Female always legal
+ UN decl. sign.[1]
Yes Limited recognition of unregistered partnerships since 1998; Same-sex marriage since 2006. Yes Legal since 2006 Yes Legal since 2002 Yes Since 1998 Yes Bans all anti-gay discrimination Yes Anti-discrimination laws are interpreted to include gender identity; legal gender may be changed after surgical or medical treatment.
Swaziland Swaziland No Male illegal since the 1880s
Yes Female always legal[1][2]
No No No Emblem-question.svg No No
Zambia Zambia No Illegal since 1911
Penalty: up to 14 years imprisonment[1][2]
No No No Emblem-question.svg No No
Zimbabwe Zimbabwe No Male illegal since 1891
Yes Female legal[1][2]
No No Constitutional ban since 2013 No Emblem-question.svg No No

Partially recognized or unrecognized states[edit]

LGBT rights in: Same-sex sexual activity Recognition of same-sex unions Same-sex marriage Adoption by same-sex couples LGBT allowed to serve openly in military Anti-discrimination laws concerning sexual orientation Laws concerning gender identity/expression
Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic
(Excluding Southern Provinces)
No Illegal
Penalty: Up to 3 years imprisonment[1]
No No No No No No
Somaliland Somaliland No Illegal since 1941 (as British Somaliland Protectorate)
Penalty: Up to death [30]
No No No No No No


References

These references will appear in the article, but this list appears only on this page.
  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh "State Sponsored Homophobia 2016: A world survey of sexual orientation laws: criminalisation, protection and recognition" (PDF). International Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans and Intersex Association. 17 May 2016. Retrieved 19 May 2016. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q "Where is it illegal to be gay? - BBC News". Bbc.com. Retrieved 2015-09-29. 
  3. ^ (Spanish) Reglamento regulador del Registro de Uniones de Hecho
  4. ^ a b "Spain approves liberal gay marriage law". St. Petersburg Times. 2005-07-01. Retrieved 2007-01-08. 
  5. ^ a b "Adoption in Spain". Intercountry Adoption. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  6. ^ a b http://ilga-europe.org/
  7. ^ a b (Spanish) Ley 3/2007, de 15 de marzo, reguladora de la rectificación registral de la mención relativa al sexo de las personas
  8. ^ "Egypt (Law) - ILGA". ilga.org. ILGA. Archived from the original on 11 July 2014. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  9. ^ Littauer, Dan (25 November 2012). "Twelve men to be executed by Libyan militia for allegedly being gay". Gay Star News. Retrieved 6 May 2016. 
  10. ^ (Spanish) REGLAMENTO REGULADOR DEL REGISTRO DE PAREJAS DE HECHO DE LA CIUDAD AUTÓNOMA DE MELILLA
  11. ^ "Morocco (Law)". ilga.org. ILGA. Archived from the original on 24 July 2014. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  12. ^ "Tunisia (Law)". ilga.org. ILGA. Archived from the original on 4 July 2014. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  13. ^ "Benin (Law)". ilga.org. ILGA. Archived from the original on 3 July 2014. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  14. ^ "The Gambia passes bill imposing life sentences for some homosexual acts | World news". The Guardian. Retrieved 2015-09-29. 
  15. ^ "Ghana (Law)". ilga.org. ILGA. Archived from the original on 3 July 2014. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  16. ^ "Nigeria (Law)". ilga.org. ILGA. Archived from the original on 3 July 2014. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  17. ^ Marriage (Ascension) Ordinance, 2016
  18. ^ "Everything you need to know about human rights. | Amnesty International". Amnesty.org. 2015-09-25. Retrieved 2015-09-29. 
  19. ^ "Laws of Kenya ; The Constitution of Kenya" (PDF). Kenyaembassy.com. Retrieved 2015-09-29. 
  20. ^ http://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/features/2013/06/2013630131245411453.html
  21. ^ "The Sexual Offences Bill" (PDF). mauritiusassembly.govmu.org. Government of Mauritius. 6 April 2007. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  22. ^ a b "Africa: Outspoken activists defend continent's sexual diversity - Norwegian Council for Africa". Afrika.no. 2009-08-06. Retrieved 2015-09-29. 
  23. ^ "Equal Opportunities Act 2008" (PDF). Ilo.org. Retrieved 2015-09-29. 
  24. ^ https://76crimes.com/2016/05/18/tiny-african-victory-seychelles-repeals-ban-on-gay-sex/
  25. ^ "Malawi suspends anti-gay laws as MPs debate repeal | World news". The Guardian. Retrieved 2015-09-29. 
  26. ^ "Mozambique Gay Rights Group Wants Explicit Constitutional Protections | Care2 Causes". Care2.com. 2011-03-03. Retrieved 2015-09-29. 
  27. ^ "Homosexuality Decriminalised in Mozambique". Kuchu Times. 2015-06-01. Retrieved 2015-09-29. 
  28. ^ "Namibia". State.gov. 2002-03-04. Retrieved 2015-09-29. 
  29. ^ "Namibia". Lgbtnet.dk. Retrieved 2015-09-29. 
  30. ^ http://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/features/2013/06/2013630131245411453.html