Template:LGBT rights table Africa

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Northern Africa[edit]

LGBT rights in: Same-sex sexual activity Recognition of same-sex unions Same-sex marriage Adoption by same-sex couples LGBT allowed to serve openly in military Anti-discrimination laws concerning sexual orientation Laws concerning gender identity/expression
Algeria Algeria No Illegal since 1966
Penalty: Fine and up to 2 years imprisonment.[1][2]
No No No No No No
Canary Islands Canary Islands
(Autonomous community of Spain)
Yes Legal since 1979
+ UN decl. sign.[1]
Yes De facto unions legal since 2003[3] Yes Legal since 2005[4] Yes Legal since 2005[5]
(+automatic co-parent recognition)[6]
Yes Spain responsible for defence Yes Bans all anti-gay discrimination[7] Yes Since 2007, all documents can be amended to the recognised gender[8]
Ceuta Ceuta (Autonomous city of Spain) Yes Legal since 1979
+ UN decl. sign.[1]
Yes De facto union since 1998[9] Yes Legal since 2005[10] Yes Legal since 2005[11] Yes Spain responsible for defence Yes Bans all anti-gay discrimination[12] Yes Since 2007, all documents can be amended to the recognised gender[13]
Egypt Egypt No Male de facto illegal since 2000
Penalty: Up to 17 years imprisonment with or without hard labour and with or without fines under broadly-written morality laws
Emblem-question.svg Female uncertain.[1][14]
No No No No No No
Libya Libya No Illegal since 1953[15] No No No No No No
Madeira Madeira
(Autonomous region of Portugal)
Yes Legal since 1983
+ UN decl. sign.[1]
Yes De facto union since 2001[16][17] Yes Legal since 2010[18] Yes Legal since 2016 (+automatic co-parent recognition)[19][20][21] Yes Yes Bans all anti-gay discrimination.[7] Yes Since 2011. All documents can be amended to the recognised gender.[22]
Melilla Melilla (Autonomous city of Spain) Yes Legal since 1979
+ UN decl. sign.[1]
Yes De facto union since 2008[23] Yes Legal since 2005[10] Yes Legal since 2005[11] Yes Spain responsible for defence Yes Bans all anti-gay discrimination[12] Yes Since 2007, all documents can be amended to the recognised gender[13]
Morocco Morocco
(Including Southern Provinces)
No Illegal since 1962
Penalty: Up to 3 years imprisonment.[1][24]
No No No Emblem-question.svg No No
Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic
(Excluding Southern Provinces)
No Illegal since 1944 (as part of the Overseas Province of Spanish Sahara)
Penalty: Up to 3 years imprisonment[1][25][26]
No No No No No No
South Sudan South Sudan No Illegal since 1899 (as Anglo-Egyptian Sudan)
Penalty: Up to 10 years imprisonment.[1][2]
No No Constitutional ban since 2011. No No No No
Sudan Sudan No No Illegal since 1899 (as Anglo-Egyptian Sudan)
Penalty: Death penalty on third offense for men and on fourth offense for women.[1]
No No No No No No
Tunisia Tunisia No Illegal since 1913 (as the French protectorate of Tunisia)
Penalty: 3 years imprisonment.[1][27]
No No No Emblem-question.svg No No

Western Africa[edit]

LGBT rights in: Same-sex sexual activity Recognition of same-sex unions Same-sex marriage Adoption by same-sex couples LGB allowed to serve openly in military? Anti-discrimination laws concerning sexual orientation Laws concerning gender identity/expression
Benin Benin Yes Legal (No laws against same-sex sexual activity have ever existed in the country).[1][28] (Age of consent discrepancy)[1] No No No Emblem-question.svg No Emblem-question.svg
Burkina Faso Burkina Faso Yes Legal (No laws against same-sex sexual activity have ever existed in the country).[1] No No Constitutional ban since 1991. No Emblem-question.svg No Emblem-question.svg
Cape Verde Cape Verde Yes Legal since 2004
+ UN decl. sign.[1]
No No No Emblem-question.svg Yes Bans some anti-gay discrimination.[1] Emblem-question.svg
The Gambia Gambia No Illegal since 1888 (as Gambia Colony and Protectorate)
Penalty: Up to Iife imprisonment.[1][29][2]
No No No No No No
Ghana Ghana No Male illegal since 1860s (as Gold Coast)
Penalty: 10 years imprisonment or more
Yes Female always legal.[1][30][2]
No No No Emblem-question.svg No No
Guinea Guinea No Illegal since 1988
Penalty: 6 months to 3 years imprisonment.[1][31]
No No No Emblem-question.svg No No
Guinea-Bissau Guinea-Bissau Yes Legal since 1993[1]
+ UN decl. sign.
No No No Emblem-question.svg No Emblem-question.svg
Ivory Coast Ivory Coast Yes Legal
(No laws against same-sex sexual activity have ever existed in the country). (Age of consent discrepancy)[1]
No No No Emblem-question.svg No Emblem-question.svg
Liberia Liberia No Illegal since 1976
Penalty: 1 year imprisonment.[1][32]
No No No Emblem-question.svg No No
Mali Mali Yes Legal (No laws against same-sex sexual activity have ever existed in the country).[1] No No No Emblem-question.svg No Emblem-question.svg
Mauritania Mauritania No No Illegal since 1983
Penalty: Death by stoning[1][33]
No No No No No No
Niger Niger Yes Legal (No laws against same-sex sexual activity have ever existed in the country). (Age of consent discrepancy)[1] No No No Emblem-question.svg No Emblem-question.svg
Nigeria Nigeria No Illegal under federal law since 1901 (as Northern Nigeria Protectorate and Southern Nigeria Protectorate)
Penalty: Up to 14 years imprisonment
No No Illegal in the states of Bauchi, Borno, Gombe, Jigawa, Kaduna, Kano, Katsina, Kebbi, Niger, Sokoto, Yobe, and Zamfara
Penalty: Death penalty for men. Whipping and/or imprisonment for women.[1][34][2]
No No No Emblem-question.svg No No
Senegal Senegal No Illegal since 1966
Penalty: 1 to 5 years imprisonment.[1][35]
No No No Emblem-question.svg No No
Sierra Leone Sierra Leone No Male illegal since 1861 (as the colony of Sierra Leone)
Penalty: Up to life imprisonment (Not enforced)
Yes Female always legal
+ UN decl. sign.[1]
No No No Emblem-question.svg No No
Togo Togo No Illegal since 1884 (as Togoland)
Penalty: Fine and 3 years imprisonment.[1][2]
No No No Emblem-question.svg No No

Central Africa[edit]

LGBT rights in: Same-sex sexual activity Recognition of same-sex unions Same-sex marriage Adoption by same-sex couples LGB allowed to serve openly in military? Anti-discrimination laws concerning sexual orientation Laws concerning gender identity/expression
Cameroon Cameroon No Illegal since 1972
Penalty: Fines to 5 years imprisonment.[1][2]
No No No Emblem-question.svg No No
Central African Republic Central African Republic Yes Legal (No laws against same-sex sexual activity have ever existed in the country).
+ UN decl. sign.[1]
No No No Emblem-question.svg No Emblem-question.svg
Chad Chad No Illegal since 2017
Penalty: 3 months to 2 years imprisonment.
No No No Emblem-question.svg No Emblem-question.svg
Democratic Republic of the Congo Democratic Republic of the Congo Yes Legal (No laws against same-sex sexual activity have ever existed in the country).[1] No No Constitutional ban since 2005. No Emblem-question.svg No Emblem-question.svg
Equatorial Guinea Equatorial Guinea Yes Legal since 1968.[1][36] No No No Emblem-question.svg No Emblem-question.svg
Gabon Gabon Yes Legal (No laws against same-sex sexual activity have ever existed in the country)
+ UN decl. sign.
No No No Emblem-question.svg No Emblem-question.svg
Republic of the Congo Republic of the Congo Yes Legal (No laws against same-sex sexual activity have ever existed in the country). (Age of consent discrepancy)[1] No No No Emblem-question.svg No Emblem-question.svg
Saint Helena Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha
(Overseas territory of the United Kingdom)
Yes Legal since 2001
+ UN decl. sign.[1]
Emblem-question.svg Yes/No (In Ascension and Tristan da Cunha since 2017)[37] Emblem-question.svg Yes Since 2000. UK responsible for defence. Yes Constitutional ban all anti-gay on discrimination. Yes Since 2013.
São Tomé and Príncipe São Tomé and Príncipe Yes Legal since 2012
+ UN decl. sign.[1]
No No No Emblem-question.svg No Emblem-question.svg

Southeast Africa[edit]

LGBT rights in: Same-sex sexual activity Recognition of same-sex unions Same-sex marriage Adoption by same-sex couples LGB allowed to serve openly in military? Anti-discrimination laws concerning sexual orientation Laws concerning gender identity/expression
Burundi Burundi No Illegal since 2009
Penalty: 3 months to 2 years imprisonment.[1][38]
No No Constitutional ban since 2005. No Emblem-question.svg No No
Kenya Kenya No Illegal since 1897 (as East Africa Protectorate)
Penalty: up to 14 years imprisonment.[1][2]
No No Constitutional ban since 2010.[39] No No No No
Rwanda Rwanda Yes Legal since 1980[1][40]
+ UN decl. sign.
No No Constitutional ban since 2003. No Emblem-question.svg No Emblem-question.svg
Uganda Uganda No Male illegal since 1894
Penalty: Up to life imprisonment[41] or vigilante execution.[42]
Emblem-question.svg Female uncertain.
No No Constitutional ban since 2005. No No No No
Tanzania Tanzania No Illegal since 1864 (only Zanzibar)
Illegal since 1899
Penalty: Up to life imprisonment.[1][2]
No No No Emblem-question.svg No No

Horn of Africa[edit]

LGBT rights in: Same-sex sexual activity Recognition of same-sex unions Same-sex marriage Adoption by same-sex couples LGB allowed to serve openly in military? Anti-discrimination laws concerning sexual orientation Laws concerning gender identity/expression
Djibouti Djibouti Yes Legal
(No laws against same-sex sexual activity have ever existed in the country).[1]
No No No Emblem-question.svg No Emblem-question.svg
Eritrea Eritrea No Illegal since 1957 (as part of the Federation of Ethiopia and Eritrea)
Penalty: Up to 3 years imprisonment[1][43]
No No No Emblem-question.svg No No
Ethiopia Ethiopia No Illegal
Penalty: 10 years imprisonment or more[1]
No No No Emblem-question.svg No No
Somalia Somalia No No Illegal since 1962
Penalty: Up to death[44]
No No No No No No
Somaliland Somaliland No No Illegal
Penalty: Up to death[45]
No No No No No No

Indian Ocean States[edit]

LGBT rights in: Same-sex sexual activity Recognition of same-sex unions Same-sex marriage Adoption by same-sex couples LGB allowed to serve openly in military? Anti-discrimination laws concerning sexual orientation Laws concerning gender identity/expression
British Indian Ocean Territory British Indian Ocean Territory
(Overseas territory of the United Kingdom)
Yes Legal since 2001
+ UN decl. sign.[1]
Yes Since 2014, UK Military Personnel only. Yes Since 2014, UK Military Personnel only. Emblem-question.svg Yes Since 2000. UK responsible for defence. Emblem-question.svg Emblem-question.svg
Comoros Comoros No Illegal since 1982
Penalty: 5 years imprisonment & fines[1][46]
No No No Emblem-question.svg No No
French Southern and Antarctic Lands French Southern and Antarctic Lands
(Overseas territory of France)
Yes Legal
(No laws against same-sex sexual activity have ever existed in the department).[1]
Yes Civil solidarity pact since 1999 Yes Legal since 2013 Yes Legal since 2013 Yes Yes Bans all anti-gay discrimination Yes Under French law since 2017, sterilization was abolished for gender transitioning.
Madagascar Madagascar Yes Legal
(No laws against same-sex sexual activity have ever existed in the country). (Age of consent discrepancy)[1]
No No No Emblem-question.svg No Emblem-question.svg
Mauritius Mauritius No Male illegal since 1838 (as part of British Mauritius)
Penalty: Up to 5 years imprisonment
Yes Female always legal[47]
+ UN decl. sign.[1][48]
No No No Emblem-question.svg Yes Bans some anti-gay discrimination[49][50] Emblem-question.svg
Mayotte Mayotte
(Overseas department of France)
Yes Legal
(No laws against same-sex sexual activity have ever existed in the department).[1]
Yes Civil solidarity pact since 1999 Yes Legal since 2013 Yes Legal since 2013 Yes Yes Bans all anti-gay discrimination Yes Under French law since 2017, sterilization was abolished for gender transitioning.
Réunion Réunion
(Overseas department of France)
Yes Legal since 1791[1] Yes Civil solidarity pact since 1999 Yes Legal since 2013 Yes Legal since 2013 Yes Yes Bans all anti-gay discrimination Yes Under French law since 2017, sterilization was abolished for gender transitioning.
Seychelles Seychelles Yes Legal since 2016[51]
+ UN decl. sign.
No No No Emblem-question.svg Yes Bans all anti-gay discrimination[1] Emblem-question.svg

Southern Africa[edit]

LGBT rights in: Same-sex sexual activity Recognition of same-sex unions Same-sex marriage Adoption by same-sex couples LGB allowed to serve openly in military? Anti-discrimination laws concerning sexual orientation Laws concerning gender identity/expression
Angola Angola No De facto illegal since 1886 (as part of the Province of Angola)
Penalty: Fines, restrictions or penal labor (Not enforced)[1][52] (decriminalization pending)[53][54]
No No No Emblem-question.svg Yes Bans some anti-gay discrimination No
Botswana Botswana No Illegal since 1885 (as part of the Bechuanaland Protectorate)
Penalty: Fine to up to 7 years imprisonment (Not enforced)[1][2]
No No No Emblem-question.svg Yes Bans some anti-gay discrimination No
Lesotho Lesotho Yes Male legal since 2012
Female always legal[1]
No No No Emblem-question.svg No Emblem-question.svg
Malawi Malawi No Illegal since 1891 (as part of the Shire Highlands Protectorate and the Nyasaland Districts Protectorate)
Penalty: Up to 14 years imprisonment & whippings (Law suspended from usage since 2012)[1][55][2]
No No No Emblem-question.svg No No
Mozambique Mozambique Yes Legal since 2015[56][57] No No No No Yes Bans some anti-gay discrimination[1][49] Emblem-question.svg
Namibia Namibia No Male illegal since 1920 (as part of South-West Africa; not enforced)[2]
Yes Female always legal[1][58][59]
No No No Emblem-question.svg No No
South Africa South Africa Yes Male legal since 1998
Female always legal
+ UN decl. sign.[1]
Yes Limited recognition of unregistered partnerships since 1998; Same-sex marriage since 2006. Yes Legal since 2006 Yes Legal since 2002 Yes Since 1998 Yes Bans all anti-gay discrimination Yes Anti-discrimination laws are interpreted to include gender identity; legal gender may be changed after surgical or medical treatment.
Swaziland Swaziland No Male illegal since the 1880s
Yes Female always legal[1][2]
No No No Emblem-question.svg No No
Zambia Zambia No Illegal since 1911 (as part of the British South Africa Company rule of Rhodesia)
Penalty: up to 14 years imprisonment[1][2]
No No No Emblem-question.svg No No
Zimbabwe Zimbabwe No Male illegal since 1891 (as part of the British South Africa Company rule of Rhodesia)
Yes Female legal[1][2]
No No Constitutional ban since 2013 No Emblem-question.svg No No


References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi "State Sponsored Homophobia 2016: A world survey of sexual orientation laws: criminalisation, protection and recognition" (PDF). International Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans and Intersex Association. 17 May 2016. Retrieved 19 May 2016. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o "Where is it illegal to be gay? - BBC News". Bbc.com. Retrieved 2015-09-29. 
  3. ^ Galán, José Ignacio Pichardo. "Same-sex couples in Spain. Historical, contextual and symbolic factors" (PDF). Institut national d'études démographiques. Retrieved December 30, 2012. 
  4. ^ "Spain approves liberal gay marriage law". St. Petersburg Times. 2005-07-01. Retrieved 2007-01-08. 
  5. ^ http://travel.state.gov/content/adoptionsabroad/en/country-information/learn-about-a-country/spain.html
  6. ^ (in Spanish) Boletín Oficial del Estado Ley 14/2006, de 26 de mayo, sobre técnicas de reproducción humana asistida (see Article 7)
  7. ^ a b "ILGA-Europe" (PDF). ilga-europe.org. 
  8. ^ (in Spanish) Ley 3/2007, de 15 de marzo, reguladora de la rectificación registral de la mención relativa al sexo de las personas
  9. ^ (in Spanish) Reglamento regulador del Registro de Uniones de Hecho
  10. ^ a b "Spain approves liberal gay marriage law". St. Petersburg Times. 2005-07-01. Retrieved 2007-01-08. 
  11. ^ a b "Adoption in Spain". Intercountry Adoption. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  12. ^ a b http://ilga-europe.org/
  13. ^ a b (in Spanish) Ley 3/2007, de 15 de marzo, reguladora de la rectificación registral de la mención relativa al sexo de las personas
  14. ^ "Egypt (Law) - ILGA". ilga.org. ILGA. Archived from the original on 11 July 2014. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  15. ^ "Libyan Penal Code of 1953, Amended 1956 (selected provisions related to women) – 4: Title III – Offences Against Freedom, Honour and Morals". Retrieved 19 May 2017. 
  16. ^ (in Portuguese) Law no. 7/2001, from 11 May (specifically Article 1, no. 1).
  17. ^ (in Portuguese) AR altera lei das uniões de facto
  18. ^ Law no. 9/2010, from 30th May.
  19. ^ (in Portuguese) Lei 17/2016 de 20 de junho
  20. ^ (in Portuguese) Lei que alarga a procriação medicamente assistida publicada em Diário da República
  21. ^ (in Portuguese) Todas as mulheres com acesso à PMA a 1 de Agosto
  22. ^ http://www.lgbt-ep.eu/press-releases/meps-welcome-new-gender-change-law-in-portugal-concerned-about-lithuania/
  23. ^ (in Spanish) REGLAMENTO REGULADOR DEL REGISTRO DE PAREJAS DE HECHO DE LA CIUDAD AUTÓNOMA DE MELILLA
  24. ^ "Morocco (Law)". ilga.org. ILGA. Archived from the original on 24 July 2014. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  25. ^ Encyclopedia of Lesbian and Gay Histories and Cultures: An Encyclopedia. Gay
  26. ^ "La junta de protección a la infancia de Barcelona: Aproximación histórica y guía de su archivo" (PDF). Retrieved 20 January 2011. 
  27. ^ "Tunisia (Law)". ilga.org. ILGA. Archived from the original on 4 July 2014. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  28. ^ "Benin (Law)". ilga.org. ILGA. Archived from the original on 3 July 2014. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  29. ^ "The Gambia passes bill imposing life sentences for some homosexual acts | World news". The Guardian. Retrieved 2015-09-29. 
  30. ^ "Ghana (Law)". ilga.org. ILGA. Archived from the original on 3 July 2014. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  31. ^ LGBT Rights in Guinea
  32. ^ LGBT Rights in Liberia
  33. ^ LGBT Rights in Mauritania
  34. ^ "Nigeria (Law)". ilga.org. ILGA. Archived from the original on 3 July 2014. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  35. ^ LGBT Rights in Senegal
  36. ^ LGBT Rights in Equatorial Guinea
  37. ^ Marriage (Ascension) Ordinance, 2016
  38. ^ "Everything you need to know about human rights. | Amnesty International". Amnesty.org. 2015-09-25. Retrieved 2015-09-29. 
  39. ^ "Laws of Kenya ; The Constitution of Kenya" (PDF). Kenyaembassy.com. Retrieved 2015-09-29. 
  40. ^ LGBT Rights in Rwanda
  41. ^ http://www.nytimes.com/2011/01/28/world/africa/28uganda.html
  42. ^ http://www.nytimes.com/2011/01/28/world/africa/28uganda.html
  43. ^ LGBT Rights in Eritrea
  44. ^ http://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/features/2013/06/2013630131245411453.html
  45. ^ http://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/features/2013/06/2013630131245411453.html
  46. ^ LGBT Rights in Comoros
  47. ^ "The Sexual Offences Bill" (PDF). mauritiusassembly.govmu.org. Government of Mauritius. 6 April 2007. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  48. ^ LGBT Rights in Mauritius
  49. ^ a b "Africa: Outspoken activists defend continent's sexual diversity - Norwegian Council for Africa". Afrika.no. 2009-08-06. Retrieved 2015-09-29. 
  50. ^ "Equal Opportunities Act 2008" (PDF). Ilo.org. Retrieved 2015-09-29. 
  51. ^ https://76crimes.com/2016/05/18/tiny-african-victory-seychelles-repeals-ban-on-gay-sex/
  52. ^ LGBT Rights in Angola
  53. ^ Aprovada em Angola nova lei que penaliza aborto com prisão
  54. ^ Votação do novo Código Penal angolano novamente adiada
  55. ^ "Malawi suspends anti-gay laws as MPs debate repeal | World news". The Guardian. Retrieved 2015-09-29. 
  56. ^ "Mozambique Gay Rights Group Wants Explicit Constitutional Protections | Care2 Causes". Care2.com. 2011-03-03. Retrieved 2015-09-29. 
  57. ^ "Homosexuality Decriminalised in Mozambique". Kuchu Times. 2015-06-01. Retrieved 2015-09-29. 
  58. ^ "Namibia". State.gov. 2002-03-04. Retrieved 2015-09-29. 
  59. ^ "Namibia". Lgbtnet.dk. Retrieved 2015-09-29.