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This template is used to include the triple closed integral, usually in a mathematical formula. It overcomes a limitation of the TeX rendering which cannot display this symbol without clumsy workarounds.


  • preintegral the text or formula immediately before the integral
  • intsubscpt the subscript below the integral
  • integrand the text or formula immediately after the formula

All parameters are optional.


| preintegral = <math>\frac{1}{\sqrt{2\pi}}</math>
| intsubscpt = <math>{\scriptstyle \Omega}</math>
| integrand = <math>\frac{\partial F}{\partial s} \, {\rm d}\Sigma</math>

See also[edit]

  • {{Oiint}} (to implement double closed integrals)
  • {{Intorient}} (to implement oriented boundary integrals over a 2-surface and 3-surface)