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Template:R from alternative language

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When used with the "Redirect category shell" (Rcat shell) template:

Template {{Redirect category shell}} may be used to add one or more rcat templates, along with their parameters and categories, to a redirect. For more information see the documentation page below.

When used by itself:

  • From an alternative language: This is a redirect from a page name in an as yet undetermined language to a page name in an as yet undetermined language. These words may directly translate or they may be related words, names or phrases.
    • This redirect leads to its target in accordance with the naming conventions for titles in other languages and can help writing and searches. However, per WP:NOTBROKEN do not replace these redirected links with a piped link unless the page is updated for another reason.
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This template exists to help track useful redirects from foreign-language terms and redirects to other languages from English words and phrases. It is not a license to create redirects for arbitrary terms in any language – generally, foreign-language redirects are considered appropriate only when there is a strong connection between the language and the topic. For example, WienRedirect arrow without text.svgVienna makes sense, because German is the official language of Austria; however, these three redirects: 維也納, ویانا and Виена, would be deleted if they existed, because there is no real connection between the city of Vienna and Chinese, Western Panjabi, or Macedonian, respectively. See Wikipedia:Redirects from foreign languages for details.


  • This redirect category (rcat) template should only be used with its first and second language parameters as described below. If applied without language parameters, the redirect will populate both Category:Redirects from undetermined-language terms and Category:Redirects to undetermined-language terms. Entries in those categories should be placed into more specific language categories when the "from" and "to" languages are known by using ISO 639 codes, such as "en" for English and "la" for Latin (see code list). If help is needed to determine the language of the redirect or target, then editors who monitor the undetermined-language categories will help determine the language and code needed to move the redirect to the more specific category(ies).
  • Add this rcat to a redirect in the following manner:
#REDIRECT [[(target page name)]]

{{Redirect category shell|
{{R from alternative language|1=("from" language code)|2=("to" language code)}}
The {{Redirect category shell}} (shortcut Rcat shell) may be used to add as many appropriate rcats as needed, usually from one to seven, along with their parameters, to a redirect. For more information see the documentation on its template page. This rcat may also tag a redirect individually:
#REDIRECT [[(target page name)]]

{{R from alternative language|1=("from" language code)|2=("to" language code)}}
This and the following are in accord with instructions found at Wikipedia:REDCAT.
  • Use this rcat on all redirects from a page title:
    • in English to a title in another language. These are almost always printworthy.
    • in a non-English language to a title in English. These may be printworthy – usually unprintworthy.
    • in a non-English language to a title in another non-English language. These may be printworthy or unprintworthy.
    • in a non-English language to a title in the same alternative (to English) language. These are almost always unprintworthy.
    • in an undetermined language (code "und") to a known language.
      • {{R from alternative language|und|en}}
    • in a known language to an undetermined language.
      • {{R from alternative language|fr|und}}
    • in an undetermined language to an undetermined language.
      • {{R from alternative language|und|und}}
  • The first unnamed parameter, |1= (a.k.a. the named parameter, |from=), is used for the ISO 639 code of the source (the redirect title's) language. If the language code is recognized, the redirect populates a more specific category, e.g. Category:Redirects from French-language terms (provided the language category exists).
Example: the redirect page titled Suisse:
#REDIRECT [[Switzerland]]

{{R from alternative language|1=fr}}


{{R from alternative language|from=fr}}


{{R from alternative language|fr}}
Example: the redirect page titled The Miserable Ones:
#REDIRECT [[Les Misérables]]

{{R from alternative language|2=fr}}


{{R from alternative language|to=fr}}


{{R from alternative language||fr}}
Example: the redirect page titled Mi˙kəmaw:
#REDIRECT [[Mi'kmaq]]

{{R from alternative language|1=mic|2=mic}}


{{R from alternative language|from=mic|to=mic}}


{{R from alternative language|mic|mic}}
All three of the above examples sort the redirect to Category:Redirects from Mi'kmaq-language terms and Category:Redirects to Mi'kmaq-language terms.
Undetermined language code
If the language code in the first or second parameter is not known, then the "und" language code (for "undetermined") may be used. Then the redirect will populate either Category:Redirects from undetermined-language terms or Category:Redirects to undetermined-language terms or both if "und" is used in both the first and second parameters.
{{R from alternative language|und|en}}


{{R from alternative language|en|und}}


{{R from alternative language|und|und}}
Editors who monitor those categories will help apply the correct language codes that will make the redirect populate a more specific language category(ies).
  • One or both of the undetermined-language categories ("from" and "to") will be automatically populated if either or both of the parameters are left empty.

Other usage notes

  • About other-language book titles: In the case of the redirect title "The Miserable Ones", that title is just a language translation and is not tagged with the R from a book rcat – the reason is that both the French version and the English translation of the work is titled with the French title, Les Misérables. In the case of the redirect title "Annales des empereurs du japon", that is actually the book title of a French translation of the Japanese work, and is therefore tagged with the R from a book rcat. Like several rcats, the R from a book template automatically formats the redirect title in italics.
  • When the redirect and its target differ only in use of diacritical marks, then use {{R from diacritics}} or {{R to diacritics}} instead.
"en" printworthiness
When the redirect is in article mainspace, and the "from" language code is "en" (for English), then the printworthiness should also be tagged as follows:
#REDIRECT [[(target article title)]]

{{Rcat shell|
{{R from alternative language|en|fr}}
{{R printworthy}}
This will be the case for the vast majority of "from English" redirects; however, there are rare instances for which this is not the case, for example:
#REDIRECT [[(targeted disambiguation page)]]

{{Rcat shell|
{{R to disambiguation page}}
{{R from alternative language|en|fr|printworthy=no}}
{{R unprintworthy}}
This type of redirect should never be printworthy, even if it is in English and targets a page title in another language, so the |printworthy=no parameter is used to tag such a redirect as "unprintworthy".

Multiple usage
If the redirect (from) or the target (to) title is found in more than one language, then this rcat may be used more than once. For an example, please see Komunistická strana Československa, which is a redirect found in both the Czech and Slovak languages. There is no restriction on how many times this rcat may be used on a redirect.


  • Also known as... – list of templates that redirect here and may also be used


  • In main-article namespace, only the redirects from English-language terms are sorted to the Printworthy redirects category by default (unless the page is an unprintworthy disambiguation redirect as shown above). All other alternative-language redirects must be manually sorted as either printworthy or unprintworthy. Many redirects from languages other than the target titles are considered unprintworthy; however, there are many others that are printworthy, so except as noted above there is no default sort for printworthiness. In 2003, efforts were begun to support the Wikimedia Foundation's goal of increasing access and availability of Wikipedia articles in printed versions. Some rcats automatically populate either Category:Printworthy redirects or Category:Unprintworthy redirects by default. Others, like this rcat, usually do not, and that means it is very often up to editors to choose which of those categories, Printworthy or Unprintworthy, is appropriate and should be populated. The rcats that are used separately to populate those categories are:
Please click on each one for more details and guidance.
{{Rcat shell|
{{R from alternative language|en|de}}
{{R printworthy}}

{{Rcat shell|
{{R from alternative language|mnc|en}}
{{R unprintworthy}}
Either {{Redirect category shell}} or its alias/shortcut, {{Rcat shell}}, may be used.

Language codes

The following links are to pages that show the two-, three- or four-letter language codes that this rcat has used and uses now to sort redirects to specific-language categories. For complete lists of language codes, see the navbar below.

Listings in ALPHABETICAL order by...

Language codes are also usually found in the infoboxes at the top of language articles in Wikipedia.

See also