Template:Syrian Civil War infobox

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Syrian Civil War
Part of the Arab Spring, the Arab Winter, the spillover of the Iraqi Civil War and Iran–Saudi Arabia proxy conflict
Syrian Civil War map.svg
Current military situation: Red: Syrian government, Green: Syrian opposition, Yellow: Rojava (SDF), Grey: Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant,
White: Tahrir al-Sham (formerly known as the al-Nusra Front)
For a more detailed map, see Cities and towns during the Syrian Civil War. The map above was last updated on August 2017.
Date 15 March 2011 (2011-03-15) – present
(6 years, 5 months and 4 days)
Location Syria (with spillovers in neighboring countries)
Status Ongoing
Territorial
changes
As of August 2017: the government held 39.7% of Syria (70.8% of the population); SDF-held territory constituted 23.46% (14.3% of the population); 20.87% held by ISIL (5.7% of the population); 15,96% controlled by rebel groups (including HTS; 9.2% of the population)[18]
Main belligerents
Flag of Rojava.svg Rojava (SDF)
(from 2012)

CJTF–OIR
(from 2014)
United States[c]
 France[15]
 United Kingdom
 Netherlands
 Jordan
 Germany
 Norway[16]

Commanders and leaders

Turkey Lt. Gen. Zekai Aksakallı[30]
(Operations chief commander)




United StatesUnited States Army Stephen J. Townsend[54]
(Commander of CJTF-OIR)
Strength

Syrian Armed Forces: 180,000[55]
General Security Directorate: 8,000[56]
National Defense Force: 80,000[57]
Hezbollah: 6,000–8,000[58]
Ba'ath Brigades: 7,000
Russia: 4,000 troops[59] and 1,000 contractors[60]
Iran: 3,000–5,000[58][61]

Other allied groups: 15,500+

FSA: 40,000–50,000[62] (2013)
Islamic Front: 40,000–70,000[63] (2014)
Other groups: 12,500[64] (2015)


Ahrar al-Sham: 18,000–20,000+[65][66] (March 2017)


Tahrir al-Sham: 31,000[67]

Allied groups: 8,500+
15,000–20,000 (U.S. claim, late 2016)[68]

SDF: 50,000+[69][70]

  • YPG and YPJ: 57,000–60,000[71][72]
    (most, not all, part of the SDF)
  • Syriac Military Council: 2,000
  • Army of Revolutionaries: 3,000
Casualties and losses

Syrian Government:
61,808–96,808 soldiers killed[73][74]
46,447–60,447 militiamen killed[73][74]
4,700 soldiers and militiamen and 2,000 supporters captured[73]
InfoboxHez.PNG Hezbollah:
1,480–1,700 killed[73][75]
Russia Russia:
34 soldiers[76] and 43 contractors killed[77]

Other non-Syrian fighters:
7,039 killed[73] (1,260 Iranian-led)[78]

115,307–151,307 fighters killed[f][73][74]
979 protesters killed[79]


Turkey Turkey:
71 soldiers killed (2016–17 ground incursion)[80]
11,522+ killed (per SOHR)[81]
20,711+ killed (per YPG and SAA)[82][83]

Flag of Rojava.svg Rojava:
3,834 killed[84][85][86]


CJTF–OIR:
5 killed[87][88][89][90]

96,073[73]–103,648[91] (3,284 foreign; mostly Palestinian) civilian deaths documented by opposition
88 other foreign soldiers killed
(Lebanon 48, Iraq 16, Turkey 17, Jordan 7)


Total killed:
331,765–475,000 (July 2017 SOHR estimate)[73]
470,000 (February 2016 SCPR estimate)[92]


Over 7,600,000 internally displaced (July 2015 UNHCR estimate)

Over 5,116,097 refugees (July 2017 registered by UNHCR)[93]

a The FSA was a centralized organization from 2011 until early 2013. Since then, the use of their name by armed groups has been arbitrary.
b Turkey has provided arms support to the Syrian opposition since 2011. From August 2016 to March 2017, Turkey fought alongside a rebel contingent in Aleppo governorate against the SDF and ISIL but not against the Syrian government.
c From Sep. to Nov. 2016, the U.S. fought alongside a rebel contingent in Aleppo governorate solely against ISIL, but not against the Syrian government or the SDF.[94][95] In 2017, the U.S. intentionally attacked the Syrian government six times, while it accidentally hit a Syrian base in Sep. 2016, killing over 100 SAA soldiers. The Syrian government maintains that this was an intentional attack.[96]
d HTS's predecessor (the Al-Nusra Front) and ISIL's predecessor (ISI) were allied al-Qaeda branches until April 2013. An ISI-proposed merger of the two into ISIL was rejected by the Al-Nusra Front and al-Qaeda cut all affiliation with ISIL in February 2014.
e Ahrar al-Sham and Tahrir al-Sham's predecessor, the Al-Nusra Front, were allied under the Army of Conquest from March 2015 to January 2017.

f Number includes Kurdish and ISIL fighters, whose deaths are also listed in their separate columns.[97][73]

References[edit]

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