Template:Transclude list item excerpts as random slideshow/testcases/Portal:Lithuania

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Introduction

Vilnius, the capital of Lithuania.
Flag of Lithuania.svg
Coat of arms of Lithuania.svg
EU-Lithuania.svg

Lithuania (/ˌlɪθjuˈniə/ (About this soundlisten); Lithuanian: Lietuva [lʲɪɛtʊˈvɐ]), officially the Republic of Lithuania (Lithuanian: Lietuvos Respublika), is a country in the Baltic region of Europe. Lithuania is considered to be one of the Baltic states. It is situated along the southeastern shore of the Baltic Sea, to the east of Sweden and Denmark. It is bordered by Latvia to the north, Belarus to the east and south, Poland to the south, and Kaliningrad Oblast (a Russian exclave) to the southwest. Lithuania has an estimated population of 2.8 million people , and its capital and largest city is Vilnius. Other major cities are Kaunas and Klaipėda. Lithuanians are Baltic people. The official language, Lithuanian, is one of only two living languages in the Baltic branch of the Indo-European language family, the other being Latvian.

For centuries, the southeastern shores of the Baltic Sea were inhabited by various Baltic tribes. In the 1230s, the Lithuanian lands were united by Mindaugas and the Kingdom of Lithuania was created on 6 July 1253. During the 14th century, the Grand Duchy of Lithuania was the largest country in Europe; present-day Lithuania, Belarus, Ukraine, and parts of Poland and Russia were the territories of the Grand Duchy. With the Lublin Union of 1569, Lithuania and Poland formed a voluntary two-state personal union, the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth. The Commonwealth lasted more than two centuries, until neighbouring countries systematically dismantled it from 1772 to 1795, with the Russian Empire annexing most of Lithuania's territory.

As World War I neared its end, Lithuania's Act of Independence was signed on 16 February 1918, declaring the founding of the modern Republic of Lithuania. In the midst of the Second World War, Lithuania was first occupied by the Soviet Union and then by Nazi Germany. As World War II neared its end and the Germans retreated, the Soviet Union reoccupied Lithuania. On 11 March 1990, a year before the formal dissolution of the Soviet Union, Lithuania became the first Baltic state to declare itself independent, resulting in the restoration of an independent State of Lithuania.

Refresh with new selections below (purge)

Selected region of Lithuania

Selected pictures

Selected county

Selected municipality

Selected World Heritage Site

Selected history article

The time allocated for running scripts has expired.

The time allocated for running scripts has expired. The time allocated for running scripts has expired.

The time allocated for running scripts has expired. The time allocated for running scripts has expired.

The time allocated for running scripts has expired. The time allocated for running scripts has expired.

The time allocated for running scripts has expired. The time allocated for running scripts has expired.

The time allocated for running scripts has expired. The time allocated for running scripts has expired.

The time allocated for running scripts has expired. The time allocated for running scripts has expired.

The time allocated for running scripts has expired. The time allocated for running scripts has expired.

The time allocated for running scripts has expired. The time allocated for running scripts has expired.

The time allocated for running scripts has expired. The time allocated for running scripts has expired.

The time allocated for running scripts has expired. For actual discussons and requests on Lithuania related articles take a look at: WikiProject Lithuania

The time allocated for running scripts has expired. Nuvola apps clock.png HistoryProto-Indo-EuropeansBaltsLithuaniansLand of LithuaniaKingdom of LithuaniaGrand Duchy of LithuaniaPolish-Lithuanian CommonwealthNational awakeningIndependence re-establishmentOccupation of the Baltic statesLithuanian SSRIndependence movementIndependence renewal

Crystal Clear app package network.png GeographyMunicipalitiesRiversExtreme points

Nuvola apps knewsticker.png PoliticsGovernmentPresidentsNational AssemblyElectionsPartiesForeign relations

Crystal Clear app kcoloredit.png Culture MusicLanguageLiteratureReligionEducation

Nuvola devices blockdevice.png EconomyCommunicationsTourism

The time allocated for running scripts has expired.

Featured articles

The time allocated for running scripts has expired.The time allocated for running scripts has expired.

Featured lists

The time allocated for running scripts has expired.The time allocated for running scripts has expired.

Good articles

The time allocated for running scripts has expired.The time allocated for running scripts has expired.

Featured pictures

Featured pictures

The time allocated for running scripts has expired.

Parent portals

Europe European Union
Wikiproject Europe (small).svg Flag of Europe.svg

Bordering neighbor countries

Belarus Latvia Poland Russia
Coat of arms of Belarus.svg Portal:Latvia Portal:Poland Portal:Russia

The time allocated for running scripts has expired.

The following Wikimedia Foundation sister projects provide more on this subject:

Wikibooks
Books

Commons
Media

Wikinews 
News

Wikiquote 
Quotations

Wikisource 
Texts

Wikiversity
Learning resources

Wikivoyage 
Travel guides

Wiktionary 
Definitions

Wikidata 
Database