Template:Vocal and instrumental pitch ranges

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:Eighth octave C Middle C :Eighth octave C Middle C gong struck idiophone tubular bells struck idiophone crotales glockenspiel vibraphone celesta metallophones xylophone marimba xylophones idiophones timpani membranophones piccolo trumpet trumpet cornet bass trumpet trumpets wagner tuba wagner tuba flugelhorn alto horn baritone horn french horn horn (instrument) cimbasso types of trombone types of trombone soprano trombone alto trombone tenor trombone bass trombone contrabass trombone trombones euphonium bass tuba contrabass tuba subcontrabass tuba tuba brass instruments Organ (music) garklein recorder sopranino recorder soprano recorder alto recorder tenor recorder bass recorder great bass recorder contrabass recorder sub-great bass recorder sub-contrabass recorder Recorder (musical instrument) fipple piccolo concert flute alto flute bass flute contra-alto flute contrabass flute subcontrabass flute double contrabass flute hyperbass flute western concert flute family side-blown flute flutes harmonica harmonica accordion harmonium free reed sopranissimo saxophone sopranino saxophone soprano saxophone alto saxophone tenor saxophone baritone saxophone bass saxophone contrabass saxophone subcontrabass saxophone saxophone family sopranino clarinet soprano clarinet alto clarinet bass clarinet contra-alto clarinet contrabass clarinet octocontra-alto clarinet octocontrabass clarinet clarinet family single reed oboe oboe d'amore cor anglais heckelphone oboes bassoon contrabassoon bassoons exposed double reed woodwind instruments aerophones cymbalum hammered dulcimer piano zither ukulele 5-string banjo mandolin guitar bass guitar harpsichord harp Plucked string instrument violin viola cello double bass octobass violin family Bowed string instrument chordophones soprano mezzo-soprano alto tenor baritone basso Vocal range

*This chart only displays down to C0, though some pipe organs, such as the Boardwalk Hall Auditorium Organ, extend down to C−1 (one octave below C0). Also, the fundamental frequency of the subcontrabass tuba is B−1.