Template (word processing)
The term template, when used in the context of word processing software, refers to a sample document that has already some details in place; those can be adapted (that is added/completed, removed or changed, differently from a fill-in-the-blank approach as in a form) either by hand or through an automated iterative process, such as with a software assistant. Once the template is completed, the user can edit, save and manage the result as an ordinary word processing document. Word processing templates enable the ability to bypass the initial setup and configuration time necessary to create standardized documents such as a resume. They also enable the automatic configuration of the user interface of the word processing software, with features such as autocompletion, toolbars, thesaurus, and spelling options.
Word processing templates are ordinarily included as a regular feature in most word processing software. In addition, users of such software often have the option to create and save their own templates, to acquire them from the original vendor of the software, or from third parties.
Word processing templates provide functionality for:
- "fill-in-the-blank" completion of routinely used document classes or (a stencil/master copy)
- mail merge to produce personalized mailings
- time-saving document-fragment creation (for items such as headers footers and boilerplate)
- time-saving GUI-configuration (for configuring the desktop GUI with precisely the desired standard look and feel, usually tailored to a given profession or industry)
- time-saving user standardization (for ensuring a specific user or workgroup has access to documents that are unique to the user's role in the organization)
Word processing templates have the standard "fill-in-the-blank" features similar to other kinds of templates in computer software. They also have features that specifically leverage the functionality of the word processor user interface.
Specific examples include ability to:
- copy macros, styles, and autocompletion entries from one template (or document) to another;
- Reuse of a page header, watermark, structure, and many forms of repeated document contents;
- create and remove entries (from the
New > Filemenu) for fast access to frequently used templates;
- save automation scripts in languages such as Visual Basic for Applications;
- save and configure toolbars, menus, keyboard shortcuts to work across editing sessions, or on a user-by-user basis;
- configure up and use workgroup templates, or a default template that automatically gets applied whenever a new document is created;
- quickly write résumés and curricula vitae.
- easily write reports for work or study.
- Creation of single or multiple sheet templates like list templates, agenda templates and business templates etc.
Additionally, there may exist support for other native features unique to the word processing application.
Specific commands and file formats
Word processing document creation may ordinarily (although not necessarily) begin with selecting a template with a menu command such as:
File > New > Templates (and select the template you wish to use), from which point the user is given the option of selecting a pre-existing template. Similar commands are provided for creating and editing templates.
Template files may restrict users from saving changes with the original file name, such as with the case of Microsoft Office (.dot) filename extensions. In those cases, the users are prompted to save the file with a new name as if it were a new file.
- Word processing
- Comparison of word processors
- List of word processors
- Template (disambiguation)
- Configuration file (similar application configuration features for preserving the state of toolbars and menus, as well as other settings).
- Style sheet (a very similar tool)
- Web template (similar fill-in-the-blank and mass-production features, in the context of web development)
- Template (file format) (similar fill-in-the blank and GUI configuration features, but for spreadsheets, image processing software and other desktop applications)
- Example template: Collaborative Protocol for Translations