Template Haskell is an experimental language extension to the Haskell programming language implemented in the Glasgow Haskell Compiler (version 6 and later). In early incarnations it was also known as Template Meta-Haskell.
It allows compile-time metaprogramming and generative programming by means of manipulating abstract syntax trees and 'splicing' results back into a program. The abstract syntax is represented using ordinary Haskell data types and the manipulations are performed using ordinary Haskell functions.
|] are used to get the abstract syntax tree for the enclosed expression and 'splice' brackets
) are used to convert from abstract syntax tree into code.
As of GHC-6.10, Template Haskell provides support for user-defined quasi-quoters, which allows users to write parsers which can generate Haskell code from an arbitrary syntax. This syntax is also enforced at compile time. For example, using a custom quasi-quoter for regular expressions could look like this:
digitsFollowedByLetters = [$re| \d+ \s+ |]
A common idiom is to quasi-quote an expression, perform some transformation on the expression and splice the result back into the program. It could be written as:
foo = $( transform [| bar |] )