Template talk:Addiction

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Nicotine addiction[edit]

Why is nicotine addiction missing? eu.stefan (talk) 12:40, 1 February 2010 (UTC)

Travel (as Hypermobility (travel))[edit]

Re the revert of my edit by User:Seppi333: Most of the items are "Behavioral addictions". I think Hypermobility (travel) falls in the mid-range of this spectrum of Addiction and easily justifies an entry there. Indeed, in Behavioral addiction, travel is named & linked. DadaNeem (talk) 22:26, 23 April 2015 (UTC)

You've probably noticed that I re-added it with a few entries following a reorganization of the template. Seppi333 (Insert ) 23:11, 23 April 2015 (UTC)

Dependence tag[edit]

Addiction and dependence glossary[1][2][3][4]
addiction – a medical condition characterized by compulsive engagement in rewarding stimuli despite adverse consequences
addictive behavior – a behavior that is both rewarding and reinforcing
addictive drug – a drug that is both rewarding and reinforcing
dependence – an adaptive state associated with a withdrawal syndrome upon cessation of repeated exposure to a stimulus (e.g., drug intake)
drug sensitization or reverse tolerance – the escalating effect of a drug resulting from repeated administration at a given dose
drug withdrawal – symptoms that occur upon cessation of repeated drug use
physical dependence – dependence that involves persistent physical–somatic withdrawal symptoms (e.g., fatigue and delirium tremens)
psychological dependence – dependence that involves emotional–motivational withdrawal symptoms (e.g., dysphoria and anhedonia)
reinforcing stimuli – stimuli that increase the probability of repeating behaviors paired with them
rewarding stimuli – stimuli that the brain interprets as intrinsically positive or as something to be approached
sensitization – an amplified response to a stimulus resulting from repeated exposure to it
substance use disorder - a condition in which the use of substances leads to clinically and functionally significant impairment or distress
tolerance – the diminishing effect of a drug resulting from repeated administration at a given dose
(edit | history)

Thanks for getting back to me User: Seppi333. I may be a bit tired (due to Wikipedia addiction!) but wonder what's the difference between Dependence and Behavioral addiction? They both seem to be there or thereabouts. DadaNeem (talk) 23:16, 23 April 2015 (UTC)

See the glossary to the right. Seppi333 (Insert ) 23:18, 23 April 2015 (UTC)
Edit: I should probably add that a behavioral dependence is essentially the same thing as a drug dependence; the withdrawal syndrome occurs as a consequence of no longer engaging in a behavior (consistent exercise, for example, induces psychological dependence in most people). Seppi333 (Insert ) 23:21, 23 April 2015 (UTC)

Transcluded references[edit]



  1. ^ Malenka RC, Nestler EJ, Hyman SE (2009). "Chapter 15: Reinforcement and Addictive Disorders". In Sydor A, Brown RY. Molecular Neuropharmacology: A Foundation for Clinical Neuroscience (2nd ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill Medical. pp. 364–375. ISBN 9780071481274. 
  2. ^ Nestler EJ (December 2013). "Cellular basis of memory for addiction". Dialogues Clin. Neurosci. 15 (4): 431–443. PMC 3898681free to read. PMID 24459410. Despite the importance of numerous psychosocial factors, at its core, drug addiction involves a biological process: the ability of repeated exposure to a drug of abuse to induce changes in a vulnerable brain that drive the compulsive seeking and taking of drugs, and loss of control over drug use, that define a state of addiction. ... A large body of literature has demonstrated that such ΔFosB induction in D1-type [nucleus accumbens] neurons increases an animal's sensitivity to drug as well as natural rewards and promotes drug self-administration, presumably through a process of positive reinforcement ... Another ΔFosB target is cFos: as ΔFosB accumulates with repeated drug exposure it represses c-Fos and contributes to the molecular switch whereby ΔFosB is selectively induced in the chronic drug-treated state.41. ... Moreover, there is increasing evidence that, despite a range of genetic risks for addiction across the population, exposure to sufficiently high doses of a drug for long periods of time can transform someone who has relatively lower genetic loading into an addict. 
  3. ^ "Glossary of Terms". Mount Sinai School of Medicine. Department of Neuroscience. Retrieved 9 February 2015. 
  4. ^ Volkow ND, Koob GF, McLellan AT (January 2016). "Neurobiologic Advances from the Brain Disease Model of Addiction". N. Engl. J. Med. 374 (4): 363–371. doi:10.1056/NEJMra1511480. PMID 26816013.