History and antiquities
Temple derives its name from the hospice founded by Knights Templars who built a refuge for pilgrims and travellers, en route to the Holy Land, in the 12th century. On the suppression of the Templars it passed into the hands of the Knights Hospitallers (in 1314), who held it until the religious houses were suppressed by Henry VIII. In 1901 it was a curacy of Warleggan and in 1934, the parish of Temple was incorporated into Blisland parish.
Temple Church is a Grade II* listed building built c.1120 on land owned by the Knights Templar. It became famous as a place where marriages could be performed without banns or licence (similar to Gretna Green until the early 20th century). This came to an end in 1744 when the church first came under episcopal jurisdiction. By the mid-19th century, it had become a ruin and a final service was held on 29 January 1882, in front of a ″large congregation″ led by the Reverend J Brown. It was rebuilt (by Silvanus Trevail) in the following year. The church is dedicated to St Catherine.
The church contains several references to its links with the Knights Templar, including a cross pattée in the east window and a depiction of a mounted knight in the north window of the church tower.
Arthur Langdon (1896) recorded the existence of eight stone crosses in the parish, including two cross slabs, all in the churchyard. Several of these crosses were subsequently incorporated into a stone outbuilding on the south side of the church.
- "A Clergyman Found Dead Near Bodmin". The Cornubian and Redruth Times (1962). 25 January 1901. p. 7.
- Bernardi, Dame Stella. "Temple Church Cornwall". Templar Sites in England. Archived from the original on 2009-11-05. Retrieved 2008-11-21. Cite uses deprecated parameter
- "The ancient Church of Temple". The Cornishman (186). 2 February 1882. p. 4.
- Cornish Church Guide (1925). [Parochial history, by Charles Henderson; Temple, p. 202]. Truro: Blackford
- "Church of St Catherine". English Heritage – Pastscape. Retrieved 27 May 2013.
- Langdon, A. G. (1896) Old Cornish Crosses. Truro: Joseph Pollard
- Temple Church Bodmin Moor, Church Welcome Leaflet
Media related to Temple, Cornwall at Wikimedia Commons