|The Paris Temple|
A view of the Grosse Tour-circa 1795, Ecole Française 18th century.
|Built by||Knights Templar|
The Temple was a medieval fortress in Paris, located in what is now the 3rd arrondissement. Their first temple, Vieux Temple or Old Temple, was built in Le Marais by the Knights Templar, who organized in the 12th century to fight in the Crusades, with combatant and non-combatant members. In the 13th century a larger building was constructed in the modern 3rd arrondissement. Parts of the fortress were later used as a prison during the French Revolution in the late 18th century, and then fully demolished by the mid 19th century.
The Knights Templar began in the 12th century, constructing a fort first in Le Marais. In the 13th century, a new fortress was built in what is now the 3rd arrondissement of Paris as their European headquarters. The enclosure, called enclos du Temple, originally featured a number of buildings important to the running of the Order, and included a church and a massive turreted keep known as Grosse Tour (great tower), and a smaller tower called Tour de César (Caesar's Tower).
The location of the towers is drawn on the floor in front of the town hall, rue Eugene Spuller. The heavy doors of the Grosse Tour still exist and are kept at Château de Vincennes whose great keep, attributed to Raymond du Temple, is speculated to have been inspired by the nearby Templar fortress.
- King Louis XVI, from 13 August 1792 to 21 January 1793, then he was taken to be guillotined at the Place de la Révolution;
- Marie Antoinette, from 13 August 1792 to 1 August 1793 in the Temple's tower, then she was taken to the Conciergerie, from where she eventually was also taken to the guillotine;
- Madame Élisabeth, who stayed for 21 months at the tower before being taken on 9 May 1794 to the Conciergerie and guillotined the following day;
- Louis XVII, from 13 August 1792 until his death of tuberculosis at the tower on 8 June 1795, at the age of ten;
- Princess Marie-Thérèse, who stayed at the tower for three years and four months before being sent into exile.